States and regions of Somalia

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politics and government of

Somalia is officially divided into eighteen administrative regions (gobollada, singular gobol),[1] which in turn are subdivided into districts.


As of 2016, Somalia is in theory officially divided into 6 proposed regional states:[2][3]

Four out of the 6 proposed regional states (Puntland, Galmudug, Jubaland, South West State) have submitted their nominations for candidates in the Upper House of Federal Parliament.[4]

The remaining Upper House seats are allocated to Somaliland (an unrecognized independent nation in northwest Somalia) and the emerging Hir-Shabelle state (merging Hiiraan and Middle Shabelle regions). The latter two have yet to submit their Upper House nominations, but Somaliland politicians have refused to partake in the Upper House.[5][6]


On a de facto basis, northern Somalia is divided among the autonomous states of Puntland and Somaliland. In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional administration that emerged just south of Puntland. Jubaland in the far south is a fourth autonomous region within the federation.[1] In November 2014, a new South West State was likewise established.[7] In April 2015, a formation conference was also launched for a new Central Regions State.[8]

The Federal Parliament is tasked with selecting the ultimate number and boundaries of the autonomous regional states (officially, Federal Member States) within the Federal Republic of Somalia.[9][10] To this end, the legislature in December 2014 passed a law establishing the Boundary and Federalization Commission.[11] The body is mandated with determining the boundaries of the country's constituent Federal Member States, as well as arbitrating between these regional states on their respective jurisdiction.[12]


Map of Somaliland, one of federal Somalia's various autonomous regions
Map of Puntland, a federated state in northeastern Somalia
Map of the South West State, a federated state in southern Somalia
Map of the Jubaland, a federated state in southern Somalia

Unrecognized and proposed states

See also


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