European Parliament election, 1989 (Italy)

European Parliament election in Italy, 1989
18 June 1989

All 81 Italian seats to the European Parliament
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Arnaldo Forlani Achille Occhetto Bettino Craxi
Party Christian Democracy Communist Party Socialist Party
Leader since 1989 1988 1976
Leader's seat Central Italy Northeast Italy Northwest Italy
Last election 26 seats, 33.0% 27 seats, 33.3% 9 seats, 11.2%
Seats won 26 22 12
Seat change Steady0 Decrease5 Increase3
Popular vote 11,451,053 9,598,369 5,151,929
Percentage 32.9% 27.6% 14.8%
Swing Decrease0.1% Decrease5.7% Increase3.6%

European election results map. Light Blue denotes provinces with a Christian Democratic plurality, Red denotes those with a Communist plurality, Brown and Gray and denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.

The third elections for the European Parliament in Italy were held on 18 June 1989.

The election was paired with a non-binding referendum about the devolution of powers to the European Economic Community, which passed with overwhelming support from voters.

Electoral system

The pure party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it had been adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament too. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.


For more than 35 years, Italian Communists had thought that their final victory was no more than a matter of time. However, the deindustrialization of Italy during the '80s showed that the time had expired. The decline of the traditional opponents of the Christian Democracy opened the door to new forms of protests: the Green Lists and, in Northern Italy, the Lombard League.

The government of Ciriaco De Mita did not survive to this vote: declining Italian Republican Party fired its leader Giovanni Spadolini, and the new secretary Giorgio La Malfa retired his support to the old PM. The Christian Democracy so chose a very expert new PM: Giulio Andreotti.

National party European group Main candidate Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Christian Democracy EPP 11,451,053 32.90 0.06 Decrease 26 0 Steady
Italian Communist Party COM 9,598,369 27.58 5.75 Decrease 22 5 Decrease
Italian Socialist Party SOC 5,151,929 14.80 3.59 Increase 12 3 Increase
Italian Social Movement NI 1,918,650 5.51 0.96 Decrease 4 1 Decrease
LiberalsRepublicans – Federalists LDR / NI 1,532,388 4.40 1.69 Decrease 5 1 Decrease
Europe Greens – Green List G 1,317,119 3.78 New 3 New
Italian Democratic Socialist Party SOC 945,383 2.72 0.77 Decrease 2 1 Decrease
Rainbow Greens G 830,980 2.39 New 2 New
Lombard League – North Alliance RBW 636,242 1.83 1.36 Increase 2 2 Increase
Proletarian Democracy G 449,639 1.29 0.15 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Antiprohibitionists on Drugs G 430,150 1.24 2.43 Decrease 1 2 Decrease
Federalism (PSd'AzUVMFUfSUPVSSK) RBW 207,739 0.60 0.05 Increase 1 0 Steady
South Tyrolean People's Party EPP 172,383 0.50 0.06 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Pensioners' Party None 162,293 0.47 New 0 New
Valid votes 34.804.317 92.63
Blank and invalid votes 2.768.442 7.37
Totals 37.572.759 100.00 81 0 Steady
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 46.346.961 81,07 1.40 Decrease
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Popular vote
Rainbow Greens

See also


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