European Parliament election, 2004 (Gibraltar)

Gibraltar European Parliament election, 2004
10 June 2004

7 seats to the European Parliament
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Michael Howard Tony Blair Caroline Lucas
Party Conservative Labour Green
Leader since 6 November 2003 21 July 1994 2003
Popular vote 8,297 1,127 1,058
Percentage 69.52% 9.44% 8.70%

  Fourth party
Leader Charles Kennedy
Party Liberal Democrat
Leader since 9 August 1999
Popular vote 905
Percentage 7.58%

Gibraltar's first participation in the elections to the European Parliament were held on 10 June 2004 as part of Europe-wide elections. Although part of the European Union, Gibraltar had never before voted in European Parliamentary elections, in part due to its small electorate of just over 20,000 which would cause Gibraltar to be over-represented by about 30 times if even a single seat were to be assigned.

This disenfranchisement applied by the United Kingdom was successfully challenged before the European Court of Human Rights in 1999. As a result, from 2004 Gibraltar was included by the United Kingdom within the South West England region for electoral purposes.

Spain took a complaint about Gibraltar participating in EU elections to the European Union’s high court, but their case was unsuccessful.[1]

None of the main Gibraltar political parties contested the election, so voters chose from United Kingdom party lists. However, Lyana Armstrong-Emery of the small Reform Party had a place on a joint list with the Green Party.

Michael Howard addresses voters outside the Gibraltar House of Assembly (now the Gibraltar Parliament).

The Conservative Party polled over two-thirds of the Gibraltar vote, with no other party exceeding 10% support. This was to a large part due to the perception that the Labour Government in Britain had "betrayed" Gibraltar by attempting to negotiate a constitutional settlement involving joint sovereignty with Spain.[2] This arrangement was rejected overwhelmingly by Gibraltarians in the 2002 sovereignty referendum. The Conservatives were perceived as being unequivocal in their support for Gibraltar's continued British status. In addition both the leader of the Conservative Party, Michael Howard, and his deputy, Michael Ancram, flew in to rally support. Before the election the local Conservatives mounted a vigorous campaign.


Turnout was 57.5% in Gibraltar, higher than the 37.6% for the electoral region as a whole.

Party Votes (Gib.) Votes (SW Eng) % (Gib.) % (SW Eng) Change (SW Eng) Seats
Conservative 8,297 457,371 69.52 31.6 -10.1 3
Labour 1,127 209,908 9.44 14.5 -3.6 1
Green 1,058 103,821 8.70 7.2 -1.1 0
Liberal Democrat 905 265,619 7.58 18.3 +1.9 1
UKIP 140 326,784 1.17 22.6 +11.9 2
BNP 105 43,653 0.88 3.0 +2.1 0
Countryside Party 88 30,824 0.74 2.1 +2.1 0
Respect 20 10,473 0.17 0.7 +0.7 0

Source: UK Office of the European Parliament


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