Andrew N. Liveris

Andrew Nicholas Liveris
Citizenship Australia and United States
Alma mater University of Queensland
Occupation Chairman and CEO, The Dow Chemical Company
Predecessor William S. Stavropoulos
Spouse(s) Paula Liveris
Website Official website
Liveris with community leaders in Lake Jackson, Texas, at the grand opening of the Texas Innovation Center in January 2016.

Andrew Nicholas Liveris (born 5 May 1954) is Chairman and chief executive officer of The Dow Chemical Company.[1][2] Liveris has been a member of Dow's board of directors since February 2004, CEO since November 2004 and was elected as chairman of the board effective 1 April 2006. Liveris succeeded William S. Stavropoulos as CEO in 2004, after holding the position of Chief Operating Officer. Liveris also served as Co-Chair of President Obama's Advanced Manufacturing Partnership in the United States.[3] In January 2014, Liveris was appointed Officer of the Order of Australia for "services to international business". He also received two honorary doctorates, from The University of Queensland and Michigan State University.

Early life and education

Liveris was born to a Greek migrant family in Darwin, Australia. His family came to Darwin on a trading ship in 1915. He attended Darwin High School until 1974 when Darwin was hit by Cyclone Tracy, and his family's construction business was destroyed. His father died when he was 15 years of age, and his uncle took over his family.[4]

Liveris then moved to Brisbane where he continued his education at Brisbane State High School.[5][6]

Liveris holds a bachelor's degree (first-class-honors) in Chemical Engineering from the University of Queensland (UQ).[5] Noted UQ professor, Don Nicklin, initially encouraged him to look for work in American companies.[4]


Liveris' Dow career began in 1976 in Melbourne, Australia, as a recent university graduate. After several promotions, he helped run an Asia-Pacific business out of Hong Kong and eventually became General Manager of Dow's Thailand operations.[7] In 1992, after another promotion, Liveris relocated to the US, where he remained except for a three-year stint as President of Dow Chemical Pacific.[8][9][10] In 2002, Dow's board considered him and a few other candidates as future postulants for CEO.[4] In March 2016 Liveris laid out a simple three-step plan to boost the Australian economy while speaking at the WestBusiness Leadership Matters event in Perth.[11]


Liveris, appointed CEO in 2004 after the board of directors unanimously selected him, undertook a review of Dow's strategy.[4] As a consequence, he called for Dow to reinforce its customised chemicals, plastics and advanced materials businesses (including electronics and agricultural products such as genetically improved seeds). The plan he proposed also called for reducing Dow's exposure to commodity chemicals and plastics. In October 2015 Liveris said the company was in the "late stages" of the portfolio overhaul.[12] Part of the plan to "de-risk" the business called for the formation of joint ventures to free up Dow capital for deployment in more specialised areas of the business. The formation of joint ventures had the benefit of assuring a low cost supply of feedstocks for the customer-facing portion of Dow's business.[13] Dow has fully exited from some basic chemicals and plastic businesses (as with the sale of Styron and its polypropylene and chlorine businesses).[14][15]

Liveris' largest move in this direction came with the purchase of Rohm and Haas, finalised in April 2009.[16] This Fortune 500 company, a leader in specialty chemicals, was the subject of a global auction, which Dow won with a bid of $16.2 billion. The acquisition allowed a broader presentation to clients with regard to value-added chemicals, plastics and materials, but was beneficial to Dow also in terms of costs.[17][18]

The acquisition closed soon after the Financial crisis of 2007–08 took hold. The crisis caused one of Dow's joint venture partners, Petrochemical Industries Company of the State of Kuwait, a wholly owned subsidiary of Kuwait Petroleum Corporation, to withdraw from a planned partnership in basic plastics. This translated into a $9 billion loss in proceeds designated to fund the Rohm and Haas deal. The London-based International Court of Arbitration ruled in March 2012 to award Dow $2.16 Billion plus costs and interest from Kuwait due to its cancellation of the 2008 agreement.[19]

In March 2009, Liveris and his management team organised a plan to implement the Rohm and Haas integration, reducing debt from the transaction through public offerings, along with equity offers. The plan also called for the divestiture of non-strategic assets, which was accomplished through a sales process.[20] On February 12, 2009, the company declared a decrease in dividend of about 60% compared to the previous quarter. It represented the first time the company had diminished its investor payout.[21][22] Since that time, however, the company has increased its dividend multiple times.[23]

In 2011, Dow and Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco) developed the joint venture, Sadara Chemical Company, worth $20 billion.[24] This project will require a tenfold increase in Dow's Middle East regional storage and handling requirements.[25] Sadara Chemical Company began production in 2015.[26]

Andrew Liveris speaking at a Dow event in 2015.

In the fourth quarter of 2014, relying on cheap oil and natural-gas derivatives (in part due to the U.S. "fracking boom"), Dow announced the creation of new operating segments, and is significantly expanding its operations in Texas and Louisiana, investing $6 billion in its U.S. Gulf Coast plants. Dow stated it would boost its end-market orientation and increase its commitment to ethylene and propylene.[27] Its manufacturing facilities in the United States would be enlarged by 40 percent, according to Forbes.[28][29] Among the investments stipulated are the restart of a hydrocarbons cracker in St. Charles, Louisiana, a propylene dehydrogenation facility in Freeport, Texas (which started operations as of December 2015),[30] expansion of hydrocarbon cracking capabilities in Plaquemine, Louisiana and a new cracker in Freeport Texas – as well as derivatives that serve the packaging, food safety, consumer durables, and automotive industries, with the company stating other units could become available in the future.[28][29][31][32]

On March 27, 2015, Dow and Olin Corporation announced a move under which Dow would separate a portion of its chlorine business and merge that new entity with Olin, with the new business having estimated revenues of $7 billion.[33] Upon completion of the transaction, Olin became the largest chlorine producer in the world.[34] About the exchange, Liveris stated to the Wall Street Journal: "Our drive is to get better, not bigger".[35] Dow is, as of 2015, focusing resources on specialty chemicals that earn margins of at least 20%.[4][34][36]

On December 11, 2015, Dow and DuPont announced they planned to combine in an all-stock merger of equals.[37] The combined company will be named DowDuPont. The company then intends to subsequently pursue a separation of DowDuPont into three independent, publicly traded companies.[38] The three companies would include an agriculture company, a material science company, and a specialty products company. In an interview with CNBC reporter David Faber, Liveris said the merger was the culmination of more than 10 years of work to bring the two companies together.[39] Liveris has used mergers and acquisitions to "help transform the company away from cyclical raw materials and toward higher-margin products". After the Dow-DuPont merger, the company will split into three other entities. The two companies promised upwards of $3 billion in "cost and revenue synergies".[40] At the same time, Dow announced that it would become the 100% owner of Dow Corning Corporation, a 50:50 joint venture between Dow and Corning.[37] Liveris is slated to retire from the company by the second quarter of 2017. Edward Breen, the CEO of DuPont will head the combined company post-merger, Liveris remaining as Executive Chairman after the deal closes.[41][42]

Make it in America

Liveris is the author of Make It in America: The Case for Re-Inventing The Economy, a book released in January 2011, based on Dow's vision for an 'Advanced Manufacturing Plan' announced in June 2010.[43][44] It is divided into eight chapters and is 240 pages long.[45] The book,[46] published by John Wiley & Sons, was named No. 9 on the Inc./800-CEO-READ best-seller list for 2011.[47]

His first book, updated in paperback in January 2012, received wide publicity in the business world.[48][49] The Financial Times called it a "widely praised polemic".[50] According to the Wall Street Journal, in the book Liveris "calls for a national strategy to revive manufacturing", while proposing several reform ideas.[48]

The book argues that when US-based firms move their high-tech manufacturing processes overseas, the country loses skills needed for "whole groups of products", citing the Amazon Kindle as an example. Industries born in the US, such as highly advanced computer circuitry, are for this reason now existent only outside the country. Liveris, among other proposals to stimulate the industry, seeks an overhaul of the K-12 education system to include a greater focus on the sciences; and thinks the government should sign more free-trade agreements and implement a national strategy to encourage more manufacturing, a strategy including cutting taxes and making regulations more uniform in order to compete with other continents.[48] Manufacturing, he posits, "can create jobs, economic health and growth at a level such that the services industry will never be able to do".[51]

Talking about the current state of manufacturing in an address at the University of Technology Sydney in 2016, Liveris stated "advanced manufacturing is all about short-cycle innovation, smart scale hi-tech." Commenting on Dow's incorporation of robots into its production cycle, he went on to disclose Dow now performs two million experiments a year with robots, up from 20000. Similarly, he declared Dow launched 5000 new products the previous year, while ten years back they would have launched "less than 500", alluding to technological advancements.[52]

Board memberships

Liveris serves on the board of directors of IBM and is a member of the executive committee of the Business Roundtable. Liveris is also a former president of the International Council of Chemical Associations.[53] He served as Vice-Chairman of The Business Council for 2011 and 2012, and as its chairman in 2013 and 2014.[54][55] He is a member of the President's Export Council,[56] and a member of the executive committee of the Business Roundtable, and the American Australian Association.[57][58]

Andrew Liveris, together with Rafael Reif, President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, chaired the Advanced Manufacturing Steering Committee 2.0 with the goal to "revitalize" the U.S. manufacturing sector.[43][44]

Liveris has collaborated with Muhtar Kent, Chairman and CEO of The Coca-Cola Company, George David, Chairman of the Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Company, and George Stamas, Partner at Kirkland & Ellis, to found The Hellenic Initiative (THI), a non-profit, non-governmental organisation, that aims to encourage entrepreneurship and job-creating investments in Greece.[59] As of 2015, he serves as chairman of its board.[60] He is on the board of trustees for the United States Council for International Business and is a Trustee of the California Institute of Technology.[4][57] Liveris is a member of the Business Advisory Board for the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) Business School, and in April 2012 he became a member of the Special Olympics International board of directors, a position he no longer holds.[61][62][63]

In 2015, Liveris was appointed to the Australian federal government's Growth Centres Advisory Committee to "devise policies to boost Australia's competitiveness" in the fields of education, regulation and trade.[52][64] On July 2016, Liveris joined The B Team, a non-profit co-founded by Richard Branson and Jochen Zeitz. Along with Oliver Bäte and Arif Naqvi, Liveris will join the "Net Zero by 2050" initiative to fight climate change. Liveris had previously co-signed an open letter before the Paris climate conference calling for "a low-carbon, sustainable future". He will also work on the anti-corruption "Governance & Transparency" initiative.[65][66][67]


Liveris and his wife, Paula, from Broken Hill, currently reside in Midland, Michigan and have three adult children.[4][68] They also own property in Sydney. In 1980, his uncle "Les" Liveris, was awarded an Order of Australia, "for public service and service to the community" making Liveris the second member of his family to receive the award. Liveris joked that being the second person in his family to receive an AO puts “a lot of pressure on my kids”.[4]

In 2005 he was awarded an honorary doctorate in science by his alma mater as well as being named Alumnus of the Year. He was appointed Inaugural Chair to The University of Queensland in America Foundation in 2011.[69]

Awards and recognition


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Selected publications

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