Turkish general election, 1977

Turkish general election, 1977
5 June 1977

Total of 450 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
226 seats were meeded for a majority
Turnout 72.4%
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Bülent Ecevit Süleyman Demirel Necmettin Erbakan
Leader since 14 May 1972 28 November 1964 11 October 1972
Leader's seat Zonguldak Isparta Konya
Last election 185 seats, 33.3% 149 seats, 29.8% 48 seats, 11.8%
Seats won 213 186 24
Seat change Increase28 Increase37 Decrease24
Popular vote 6,136,171 5,468,202 1,269,918
Percentage 41.4% 36.9% 8.6%
Swing Increase8.1% Increase7.1% Decrease3.2%

Prime Minister before election

Süleyman Demirel

Elected Prime Minister

Bülent Ecevit

General elections were held in Turkey on 5 June 1977. Elections took place in the middle of a political race between the right wing party AP and the left wing party CHP. With the charismatic leadership of Bülent Ecevit, CHP managed to beat one of the symbol figures of the conservative politics of Turkey, Süleyman Demirel. Voter turnout was 72.4%.[1]

CHP's victory was the zenith of the left wing votes in the history of the Republic of Turkey but still there were no capable partners for CHP to join forces to form the government since the rest of the parliament consisted of right wing parties which were not eager to form a coalition with Bülent Ecevit. Finally, CHP couldn't gain a vote of confidence. They would have to wait until 1978 to gain support from some independents and small parties to become the head of the government. CHP couldn't keep power for long and soon government control passed on to AP even as the rumblings of the military coup were beginning to be felt.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Republican People's Party6,136,17141.38213+28
Justice Party5,468,20236.88189+40
National Salvation Party1,269,9188.5724–24
Nationalist Movement Party951,5446.4216+13
Republican Reliance Party277,7131.873–10
Democratic Party274,4841.851–44
Unity Party58,5400.390–1
Workers Party of Turkey20,5650.1400
Invalid/blank votes531,038
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p257 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
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