Canelones, Uruguay

Capital city

Monument "A La Bandera" in the central square

Location within Uruguay

Coordinates: 34°31′0″S 56°17′0″W / 34.51667°S 56.28333°W / -34.51667; -56.28333Coordinates: 34°31′0″S 56°17′0″W / 34.51667°S 56.28333°W / -34.51667; -56.28333
Country  Uruguay
Department Canelones
Municipality Canelones
Founded 1782
Founded by Juan Miguel de Laguna
Elevation 29 m (95 ft)
Population (2011)
  Total 19,865
  Demonym canario (m) / canaria (f)
Time zone UTC -3
Postal code 90000
Dial plan +598 433 (+5 digits)
Climate Cfa

Canelones is the capital of the department of Canelones in Uruguay. Its name is derived from a species of cinnamon, which is called "canelón", growing along the banks of the homonymous river.[1] Since 2010, the city is also the seat of the municipality of Canelones.


The city is located on Route 5 about 50 kilometres (31 mi) North of Montevideo and on its intersection with Route 64. It lies on the west bank of the river Arroyo Canelón Chico.


It was founded on 24 April 1783 under the name "Villa Guadalupe". It became capital of one of the nine earlier Departments of the Republic. The railroad arrived here in 1874, while in 1908 National Route 5 from Montevideo was inaugurated. On 23 March 1916, it was renamed to "Canelones" and its status was elevated to "Ciudad" (city) by the Act of Ley Nº 5.400.[2]


According to the 2011 census, Canelones had a population of 19,865.[3] In 2010, the Intendencia de Canelones had recorded a population of 25,961 for the municipality during the elections.[1] While Canelones is the capital of the department of the same name, it has a considerably smaller population compared with two other cities in the department, Ciudad de la Costa and Las Piedras.

Location map of the Municipality of Canelones
Year Population
1908 8,523
1963 14,028
1975 15,988
1985 17,323
1996 19,388
2004 19,631
2011 19,865

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[2]

Economic activity

The city and the department have numerous small to large vineyards and wineries. In 1987 the cold-storage facility "Frigorífico Canelones" was founded, which ever since became the principal industry of the city.[1]

Government and infrastructure

The civil aviation agency of the country, National Civil Aviation and Aviation Infrastructure Direction (DINACIA), has its headquarters in Canelones.[4]

Places of worship

Noted local people

See also


  1. 1 2 3 "ELECCIONES - Canelones". El Observador. Archived from the original on 12 March 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Statistics of urban localities (1908–2004)" (PDF). INE. 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  3. "Censos 2011 Cuadros Canelones". INE. 2012. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  4. "Inicio." (Archive) National Civil Aviation and Aviation Infrastructure Direction. Retrieved on April 17, 2012. "Avda. Camino de las Industrias Wilson Ferreira Aldunate (ex Camino Carrasco) 5519, Canelones, Uruguay."

External links

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