The neighborhood was known in the 1970s as a battleground for the right and left wing political factions. In particular, it is the place of the Bahçelievler Massacre of October 8, 1978, when 7 students, members of the Turkish Workers' Party were killed by neo-fascists, see "Multi-party period of the Republic of Turkey".
Places in Bahçelievler, Ankara
- The main building of the Turkish National Library system (Milli Kütüphane Başkanlığı) is located here.
- Bahcelievler Culture and Leisure Centre houses four movie theatres, one bowling hall and other facilities.
- Bahcelievler Business Centre is a business and shopping centre of Ankara. It also houses three movie theatres and a number of cafes.
- Ankara Ice Palace, an indoor ice arena, opened in 1989.