Washington County, Pennsylvania
|Washington County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 28, 1781|
|Named for||George Washington|
|• Total||861 sq mi (2,230 km2)|
|• Land||857 sq mi (2,220 km2)|
|• Water||3.9 sq mi (10 km2), 0.5%|
|• Density||243/sq mi (94/km²)|
|Congressional districts||9th, 18th|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 207,820. Its county seat is Washington. The county was created on March 28, 1781, from part of Westmoreland County. The city and county were both named after American Revolutionary War leader George Washington, who eventually became the first President of the United States.
Washington County is included in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The county is home to Washington County Airport, located three miles (5 km) southwest of Washington, Pennsylvania.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 861 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 857 square miles (2,220 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.5%) is water.
- Beaver County (north)
- Allegheny County (NNE-northeast)
- Westmoreland County (East-northeast)
- Fayette County (East-southeast)
- Greene County (south)
- Marshall County, West Virginia (southwest)
- Ohio County, West Virginia (west)
- Brooke County, West Virginia (west)
- Hancock County, West Virginia (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 202,897 people, 81,130 households, and 56,060 families residing in the county. The population density was 237 people per square mile (91/km²). There were 87,267 housing units at an average density of 102 per square mile (39/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.27% White, 3.26% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.3% were of German, 17.2% Italian, 10.6% Irish, 8.6% English, 7.9% Polish and 6.2% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 81,130 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.
As of 1800, this county was largely settled by people of Scot-Irish heritage because "prime lands" were already taken by the Germans and the Quakers.
Government and politics
The County of Washington is governed by a three-member publicly elected commission. The three commissioners serve in both executive and legislative capacities. By state law, the commission must have a minority party guaranteeing a political split on the commission. Each term is for four years.
The three current commissioners for Washington County are Lawrence Maggi (Democrat), Diana Irey (Republican), and Harlan G. Shober Jr. (Democrat).
Maggi was the Democratic nominee for Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district against Republican incumbent Tim Murphy in 2012. Maggi lost to Murphy and earned only 36 percent of the vote. Irey was the Republican candidate for Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district and lost to the late Democratic incumbent John Murtha in the 2006 election.
The Washington County Court of Common Pleas, the Twenty-Seventh Judicial District of Pennsylvania, is the state trial court, sitting in and for Washington County. It serves as the court of original jurisdiction for the region. There are five judges, which the county's citizens elect to ten year terms, under the laws of the Commonwealth. The President Judge isKatherine B. Emery; she is the most senior member of the bench. Judges of the court are:
- Katherine B. Emery, P.J.
- John F. DiSalle, J.
- Gary Gilman, J.
- Valarie Costanzo, J.
- Michael J. Lucas, J.
Additionally, magisterial district judges (MDJs) serve throughout the county to hear traffic citations, issue warrants, and decide minor civil matters.
The Democratic Party has been historically dominant in county-level politics and national politics, only voting Republican for president in Richard Nixon's 1972 landslide victory over George McGovern. However, like much of Appalachian coal country, Washington has trended strongly Republican in recent years. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore won 53% of the vote and Republican George W. Bush won 44%. In 2004, Democrat John Kerry received 50.14% of the vote and Bush received 49.57% a difference of 552 votes. In 2008, Republican John McCain won 51% to Democrat Barack Obama's 46% and each of the three state row office winners carried Washington County.
|2012||Barack Obama 40,345 (42.6%)||Mitt Romney 53,230 (56.2%)|
|2008||Barack Obama 46,122 (46.8%)||John McCain 50,752 (51.5%)|
|2004||John Kerry 48,225 (50.1%)||George W. Bush 47,679 (49.6%)|
|2000||Al Gore 44,961 (54.2%)||George W. Bush 37,339 (45.0%)|
|1996||Bill Clinton 40,952 (52.1%)||Bob Dole 27,777 (35.3%)|
|1992||Bill Clinton 46,143 (54.6%)||George H. W. Bush 21,977 (26.0%)|
|1988||Michael Dukakis 47, 527 (62.1%)||George H. W. Bush 28,651 (37.8%)|
|1984||Walter Mondale 50,911 (59.2%)||Ronald Reagan 34,782 (40.5%)|
|1980||Jimmy Carter 45,295 (55.2%)||Ronald Reagan 32,532 (39.7%)|
|1976||Jimmy Carter 49,317 (59.2%)||Gerald Ford 32,827 (39.4%)|
|1972||George McGovern 34,781 (44.1%)||Richard Nixon 42,587 (54.0%)|
|1968||Hubert Humphrey 47,805 (56.3%)||Richard Nixon 28,023 (33.0%)|
|1964||Lyndon B. Johnson 63,482 (72.3%)||Barry Goldwater 24,127 (27.5%)|
|1960||John F. Kennedy 53,729 (58.3%)||Richard Nixon 38,348 (41.6%)|
County row offices
- Clerk of Courts, Barbara Gibbs, Democrat
- Controller, Michael Namie, Democrat
- Coroner, Timothy Warco, Democrat
- District Attorney, Eugene Vittone, Republican
- Prothonotary, Phyllis Ranko-Matheny, Democrat
- Recorder of Deeds, Deborah Bardella, Democrat
- Register of Wills, Mary Jo Poknis, Democrat
- Sheriff, Samuel Romano, Democrat
- Treasurer, Francis L. King, Democrat
- Public Safety Director, Jeffrey A. Yates, Independent
- Jim Christiana, Republican, 15th district
- Richard Saccone, Republican, 39th district
- John A. Maher, Republican, 40th district
- Jason Ortitay, Republican, 46th district
- Brandon P. Neuman, Democrat, 48th district
- Peter Daley, Democrat, 49th district
- Pam Snyder, Democrat, 50th district
- Guy Reschenthaler, Republican, 37th district (Peters Township)
- Camera Bartolotta, Republican, 46th district
Landmarks and events
Washington County is the home of the PONY Baseball and Softball International Headquarters and is the home of the Pennsylvania Trolley Museum. Washington County is also famous for its Rock Shelters at Meadowcroft Village, which are one of the best preserved and oldest Pre-Clovis Native American dwellings in the country. The county has 21 covered bridges still standing.
The Whiskey Rebellion culminated in Washington. The home of David Bradford, one of the rebellion leaders, is located in Washington and is a national landmark. Just a couple blocks away is the F. Julius LeMoyne House, which serves as the headquarters of the Washington County Historical Society.
Washington County is the home of the first crematory in the United States.
Colleges and universities
- California University of Pennsylvania in California Borough
- Community College of Allegheny County Washington branch in North Franklin Township
- Washington & Jefferson College in the City of Washington and East Washington Borough
- Waynesburg University- Southpointe Center Campus in Cecil Township.
Public school districts
- Avella Area School District
- Bentworth School District
- Bethlehem-Center School District
- Brownsville Area School District (also in Fayette County)
- Burgettstown Area School District
- California Area School District
- Canon-McMillan School District
- Charleroi School District
- Chartiers-Houston School District
- Fort Cherry School District (also in Allegheny County)
- McGuffey School District
- Peters Township School District
- Ringgold School District
- Trinity Area School District
- Washington School District
- Served by
- Intermediate Unit 1 – Coal Center
- Mon Valley Career and Technology Center – Charleroi
- Western Area Career and Technology Center – Canonsburg
- Canonsburg General Hospital, part of West Penn Allegheny Health System in North Strabane Township
- Monongahela Valley Hospital in Carroll Township
- The Washington Hospital in the City of Washington
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Washington County:
- Coal Center
- East Washington
- Green Hills
- Long Branch
- McDonald (partly in Allegheny County)
- New Eagle
- North Charleroi
- West Brownsville
- West Middletown
- Cross Creek
- East Bethlehem
- East Finley
- Mount Pleasant
- North Bethlehem
- North Franklin
- North Strabane
- South Franklin
- South Strabane
- West Bethlehem
- West Finley
- West Pike Run
- Cross Creek
- Eighty Four
- Van Voorhis
- West Alexander
- Wickerham Manor-Fisher
- Allen Township
- Bethlehem Township
- East Pike Run Township
- Pike Run
- Pike Run Township
- South Canonsburg (annexed to Canonsburg in 1911)
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Washington County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)
|18||McDonald (partially in Allegheny County)||Borough||2,149|
- John Alexander Anderson, born in Washington County, United States Congressman from Kansas
- Kurt Angle (1968–present), resided in Canonsburg, Olympic gold medalist and Professional wrestler
- James G. Blaine (1830–1893), native of West Brownsville, United States Secretary of State, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and 1884 Republican presidential nominee
- David Bradford, born in Maryland 1760 and resided in Washington, early deputy attorney-general for Washington County, became a leader in the Whiskey Rebellion challenging the nascent United States federal government
- Alexander G. Clark (1826–1891), born in Washington County, "The Colored Orator of the West", Minister to Liberia 1890–1891
- William J. Carson (1840–1913), Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, 1863
- Perry Como (1912–2001), native of Canonsburg, recording artist and television performer
- Mitch Daniels (1949–present), native of Monongahela, former Governor of Indiana, current president of Purdue University
- iJustine (1984–present), YouTube personality and actress
- Alexander Fulton (unknown-died ca. 1818), founder of Alexandria, Louisiana
- Ken Griffey, Jr. (1969–present), native of Donora, Major League Baseball player
- Ken Griffey, Sr. (1950–present), native of Donora, Major League Baseball player
- John Guzik (1936–2012), football player
- Joseph Hardy (1924–present), former resident of Eighty Four, philanthropist, former CEO and founder of 84 Lumber
- Pete Henry (1897–1952), NFL player/coach, member of Pro Football Hall of Fame.
- Shirley Jones (1934–present), native of Charleroi, best known for her role as the mother of the Partridge Family and winning an Academy Award.
- Francis Julius LeMoyne (1798–1879) abolitionist and pioneer of cremation in the United States.
- Jonathan Letterman (1824–1872), native of Canonsburg, Father of Battlefield Medicine and Civil War surgeon
- William Henry Letterman (1832–1881), native of Canonsburg, co-founder of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, surgeon, and brother of Jonathan Letterman
- Marvin Lewis (1958–present), native of McDonald, National Football League player, coach
- Jay Livingston (1915–2001), native of McDonald, Oscar-winning songwriter
- William Holmes McGuffey (1800–1873), native of the western side of the county, famous educator and writer of McGuffey's Ecletic Readers – one of America's first text books
- John F. McJunkin (1830-1883), Iowa Attorney General
- Joe Montana (1956–present), native of Monongahela, National Football League player
- Stan Musial (1920–2013), native of Donora, Major League Baseball player
- Deborah Jeane Palfrey (1956–2008), native of Charleroi, "The D.C. Madam"
- John Walker Rankin (1823-1869), Iowa state senator
- David Redick (died 1805), Vice-President (Lt. Governor) of Pennsylvania for three weeks in 1788; surveyor—laid out the town of Washington.
- Kurt Schottenheimer (1949–present), native of McDonald, National Football League coach
- Marty Schottenheimer (1943–present), native of McDonald, National Football League player, coach
- Paul Shannon (1909–1990), radio and television personality
- Clement Vallandigham (1820-1871), attended Jefferson College (subsequently W&J), Copperhead political leader during American Civil War
- Bobby Vinton (1935–present), native of Canonsburg, recording artist
- Joseph Ruggles Wilson (1822-1903), graduate of Jefferson College (subsequently W&J), Presbyterian minister, father of Pres. Woodrow Wilson
- Bud Yorkin (1926–2015), American film and television producer, director, writer and actor.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Pennsylvania
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- PONY Baseball/Softball • Protect Our Nation's Youths. Pony.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
- Archived December 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Archived July 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Welcome!. Bradfordhouse.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
- "The LeMoyne Crematory". Retrieved March 7, 2009.
- "An Unceremonious Rite; Cremation of Mrs. Ben Pitman" (PDF). New York Times. February 16, 1879. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
- "Mingo Creek Church – PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
- Welcome!. Bradfordhouse.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
- Alexander Clark of Muscatine, Iowa | HOME. Alexanderclark.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
- US Army Center of Military History
- Congressional Medal of Honor Society
- "Fulton, Alexander". lahistory.org (Louisiana Historical Association). Retrieved October 9, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Washington County, Pennsylvania.|
- Washington County Web Site
- History & Genealogy in Washington County, PA
- History of Townships in Washington County, PA
- History of Washington County, Pennsylvania
- Citizens of Washington County (Deaths and Obituaries)
||Hancock County, West Virginia||Beaver County||Allegheny County|
|Brooke County, West Virginia and Ohio County, West Virginia||Westmoreland County|
|Marshall County, West Virginia||Greene County||Fayette County|