Shahed 129

Shahed 129
Role Reconnaissance/Attack
National origin Iran
Designer Shahed Aviation Industries Research Center
Introduction September 2012[1]
Status In Production
Primary user Iran

The Shahed 129 (Persian: شاهد ۱۲۹, English: "Eye-Witness") is an Iranian Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) first publicly unveiled in September 2012. The aircraft is claimed to be capable of carrying out combat and reconnaissance missions with an endurance of 24 hours, making it the first Iranian MALE UAV .[2][3]


Work on the project has been underway in 2007 as this was the time when Iran announced the production of cloned Wankel engines for UAV. Production of different parts of the UAV was assigned to different subsidiaries of IRGC like Malek Ashtar University and Shahed Research Center.[4] The final assembly is done in HESA. In July 2012, Shahed 129 was first seen in Great Prophet 7 war games along with some other new UAV.[5] But it was September 2012 that Iran officially unveiled the UAV. As land based communications limit the range that the aircraft can go without losing the link to the control station, Shahed 129 uses an autopilot system similar to Karrar to follow some predefined way-points and conduct its mission, beyond control station's communication range. Iranian military officials have said that Shahed 129 UAV can increase Iran's surveillance capabilities in border areas, the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman.[6] Shahed 129 is said to be able to carry Sadid-1 missiles, making it Iran's second weapons capable UAV after Karrar. This suggests that Sadid-1 is not solely a light anti-ship missile but supports more general purpose air to surface strike roles.[7] Based on the footage, a rough estimate of the size of the drone would be: Wing span: 16 m and Length: ~8 m.

On September 2013 Iran has launched the mass-production of the indigenously developed Shahed 129 unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), which was unveiled in September 2012, the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) announced. The drone was displayed recently in an armed configuration, carrying four guided missiles (Sadid) loaded on two twin-launchers, carried underwing. Iranian sources stated the drone can carry up to eight ‘weapons’, designed to hit stationary and mobile targets alike


General Aziz Jafari the chief of the IRGC announced that Iran is currently marketing the Shahed-129 UCAV for export to potential international customers.

Operational History

On April 10, 2014, rebels in Syria recorded a UAV resembling a Shahed 129 flying over Eastern Ghouta, Damascus.[8]

A Iranian media report showed a Shahed-129 UCAV striking two targets in Syria at locations 35°57'2.12"N, 36°59'29.12"E and 36°03'11.12"N, 37°03'8.99"E. [9]

Another YouTube video reportedly shows Shia militia targeting ISIS vehicles in Iraq. [10]


General characteristics


See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

External links


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