HESA Shafaq

Role Trainer / Attack aircraft
National origin Iran
Manufacturer Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company
Designer Aviation University Complex
Introduction 2015
Status Prototype
Primary user Iran
Unit cost
114 million
Developed from M-ATF

The HESA Shafaq or Shafagh (Persian: هواپیمای شفق, "Twilight" or "Aurora") is an Iranian subsonic stealth aircraft project being developed by the Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA).[1]


According to reports, the Shafaq will be a subsonic aircraft, but this might be changed. Additionally, Iranian Officials have reported that the Shafaq will have a skin of radar-absorbing material.[2]

This two-seat advanced training and attack aircraft appears to be based[3] on the Russian-Iranian "Project Integral" and are fitted with Russian ejection seats. Reportedly, there are plans to produce three versions—one two-seat trainer/light strike version and two one-seat fighter-bomber versions.[1]

The Shafaq is designed by the Aviation University Complex (AUC), part of the Malek-Ashtar University of Technology (MUT). At the start of the program, Iran received help from Russia[3] and the aircraft was known as Integral. Russia later backed away from this project for several reasons and Iran carried on the project by itself renaming it Shafaq. The Shafaq is designed as a sub-sonic aircraft,[3] and made of radar-absorbing material. It has a large leading edge root extension (LERX) and a root aft of the wing which gives it an unusual circular sub-section.[1]

A 1/7 scale model of the Shafaq has already completed testing in the AUC's wind tunnel and pictures have already been revealed which show that a full-scale model has already been built.[3] The Shafaq will be built in different configurations including a two-seater trainer, a two-seater light Attack and a one-seater light attack variants. Roll-out of the first prototype was scheduled for 2008.[2] The Shafaq's advanced cockpit features color MFDs and a Russian-made K-36D ejection seat.


Data from Trend[4]

General characteristics



See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


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