Police of the Czech Republic

Police of the Czech Republic
Policie České republiky
Abbreviation PČR

Patch of the Police of the Czech Republic
Motto Pomáhat a chránit  (Czech)
"To Help and to Protect"
Agency overview
Formed 1991
Preceding agency Public Security (Czechoslovakia)
Employees 40,500
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Map of Police of the Czech Republic's jurisdiction.
Governing body Ministry of the Interior (Czech Republic)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Presidium of Police, Prague
Agency executive Tomáš Tuhý[1], President of the Police

Police of the Czech Republic (Czech: Policie České republiky) is the national police service which operates within Czech Republic. It was established in 1991. Their mission is protect citizens, property and public order. Police of the Czech Republic has now about 40,500 officers.[2]

Older-model police car, white with green horizontal stripe
Police Škoda Octavia (old markings)
Newer-model police car, gray with blue-and-yellow markings
Police Škoda Octavia (new markings)
Policeman standing in street, wearing safety vest
Police officer The Police of the Czech Republic (Policie České Republiky) is a law enforcement agency of the Czech Republic, officially established as a police force on 15 July 1991 in the former Czech and Slovak Federal Republic. PČR's headquarters is located in Prague. Czech state police cooperates with municipal police departments, which are present in every larger town. Czech police is available anytime at telephone number 158.


The Police of the Czech Republic took over land management after the communist SNB in the Czech Republic with the exception of military police (provosts) who are part of the army. Members were recruited from the former communist SNB (National Security Corps), after passing a vetting "democratic" commission established after the Velvet Revolution in 1989 to eliminate from the police force communist ideologues and agents of the secret police. A similar procedure was also undertaken in the then-Slovak Republic. Some police officers were employed by a small federal police force, whose mandate expired on 31 December 1992.


The Police of the Czech Republic has general jurisdiction in the investigation of misdemeanors and crimes. Its proceedings are overseen by an independent prosecutor, who can bring charges in criminal matters. It does not have jurisdiction in fields falling within the competence of other specialized bodies, such as the Customs service, military police, judicial guard or the Secret service. PČR is the main investigative body of the Ministry of the Interior. It should not be confused with the municipal police, which may be established by a municipality and which supervises public order and road safety; municipal police also have jurisdiction only over misdemeanours, and in criminal investigations may serve only in a supportive role for the state police.

The Police of the Czech Republic is responsible for search and rescue operations and on this behalf cooperates with Mountain Rescue Service of the Czech Republic that is highly professional rescue agency.

Some crimes (such as terrorism) are being solved in co-operation with intelligence agencies such as BIS or ÚZSI.

Nationwide jurisdiction

Regional jurisdiction

There are 14 regional headquarters, with jurisdictions covering the regions of the Czech Republic.

Police officers serving under regional HQs are usually organized in the following sections:[3]


As of 2011, the Police of the Czech Republic employs about 41,000 officers, with a ratio of about 45 officers per 10,000 population.[4] Of these, about 3,500 are traffic-police officers.[5]


Cars and motorcycles


Aircraft[6] Origin Role Versions Registration Number
Bell 412  United States VIP transport, transport of material, rescue operations, policing Bell 412 HP OK-BYN
Bell 412  United States Policing Bell 412 EP OK-BYP
Bell 412  United States Policing Bell 412 EPI[7] OK-BYT 1
Eurocopter EC135  European Union Policing, air rescue service EC 135 T2, EC 135 T2+ OK-BYA


The following firearms are used by the Police of the Czech Republic:


Submachine guns


Sniper rifles


See also


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