Municipal police

Straż miejska in Kołobrzeg (Poland)
Městská policie in Český Krumlov (Czech Republic)
Policía Municipal of Madrid (Spain)
Police municipale Citroën C4 in Aix-en-Provence (France)
Mounted Polizia Locale in Piazza della Signoria in Florence (Italy)
Municipal policeman, Комунални полицијац of the city of Valjevo, Serbia
Indonesian Municipal Police personnel known as "Satpol PP"
Parade of Stadtpolizei Zürich on occasion of centennial of Schutz und Rettung Zürich in 2011

Municipal police are law enforcement agencies that are under the control of local government. This includes the municipal government, where it is the smallest administrative subdivision. They receive funding from the city budget, and may have fewer legal powers than the "state paid" police. These police forces usually report to the Mayor or a local police board.

In terms of their policing role, they are generally preventive police.

Historical development

Historically, the role of the municipal police of local civic protection was carried out by Municipal Guards. Today some formations of municipal police still carry the name of the city/communal/municipal guard.

Municipal police by country

Country English name Native name(s)
Albania Municipal Police
Algeria Municipal Guards
Argentina Metropolitan Police (Buenos Aires)
  • Spanish: Policía Metropolitana de Buenos Aires
Austria Community security guards
  • German: Gemeindesicherheitswache, Gemeindewachkörper, Sicherheitspolizeien, Gemeindepolizeien or Stadtpolizeien
Australia Council ranger
Belgium Local Police
Brazil Municipal Guards
Canada Municipal and regional police services (criminal and administrative offences) and bylaw enforcement officers (administrative offences)
    China City Law Enforcement Bureau
    Czech Republic Municipal Police
    • Czech: městská policie, obecní policie
    Estonia Municipal Police
    • Estonian: Munitsipaalpolitsei, MuPo, MunPol
    France Municipal Police
    Germany City Police
    • German: Stadtpolizei, Ordnungsamt, Kommunaler Ordnungsdienst or Städtischer Ordnungsdienst, Polizeibehörde
    Greece Municipal Police
    • Greek: Δημοτική Αστυνομία
    Hungary Municipal Police
    • Hungarian: Önkormányzati Rendészet, Városőrség
    Indonesia Civil Service Police Unit
    • Indonesian: "Satpol PP" (Satuan Polisi Pamong Praja)
    Italy Municipal Police
    • Italian: Polizia Municipale, Polizia Comunale, Polizia Urbana, Polizia Locale or Vigili Urbani
    • French: Police municipale
    • German: Stadtpolizei or Gemeindepolizei
    • Slovene: Občinska policija
    Kazakhstan Local Police
    • Kazakh: Жергілікті полиция
    Latvia Municipal Police
    Lithuania Public Order Division
    Mexico Municipal Police
    Namibia Municipal Police
    Netherlands Municipal Enforcement
    • Dutch: Handhaving, Toezicht, Stadswacht, BOA (Bijzonder OpsporingsAmbtenaar. English: Special Enforcement Officer) Have some limited police powers like the use of (limited)force, handcuffs, detaining etc. (some have more powers then others)
    Poland City Guard
    • Polish: Straż miejska, Straż gminna
    Portugal Municipal Police
    Romania Local Police
    Serbia Communal Police
    • Serbian: Комунална Полиција
    Slovakia City/Municipal Police
    • Slovak: mestská polícia, obecná polícia
    Slovenia Communal Police
    Spain Municipal Police
    • Spanish: Policía Municipal, Policía Local or Guàrdia Urbana
    South Africa Municipal Police
    Switzerland Municipal Police
    Turkey Municipal Police
    United States Municipal police departments
    Vietnam Municipal police of Ha Noi City, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong City, Da Nang City and Can Tho City

    See also


      Wikimedia Commons has media related to Municipal police.
      This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/4/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.