Israel Police

Israel Police
משטרת ישראל
شرطة إسرائيل

Israel Police logo

Israel Police flag
Agency overview
Employees 35,000[1]
Volunteers 70,000[2]
Annual budget 8.383 billion NIS (2010)[3]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Israel
Governing body Israeli Ministry of Public Security
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed by Police Internal Investigations Department[4]
Headquarters National Headquarters of the Israel PoliceKiryat HaMemshala (East Jerusalem)
Agency executive Roni Alsheikh, Police Commissioner

The Israel Police (Hebrew: משטרת ישראל, translit. Mišteret Yisra'el; Arabic: شرطة إسرائيل, translit. Shurtat Isrāʼīl) is the civilian police force of Israel. As with most other police forces in the world, its duties include crime fighting, traffic control, maintaining public safety, and counter-terrorism. It is under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Public Security.[5]

The Israel Police operates throughout Israel, and the Area C of the West Bank, in all places in which Israel has civilian control.[6][7][8] There are no local or "municipal" police departments in Israel.

The National Headquarters of the Israel Police are located at the Government offices named after Begin in Jerusalem.[9]

In an emergency, the police can be reached by dialing 100 from any telephone in Israel.[10]


Israeli police officers and a patrol car
National Police Headquarters, Jerusalem

The Israel police is responsible for public security, maintaining public order, securing public events and rallies, dismantling suspicious objects and explosives (EOD), riot and crowd control, law enforcement, crime fighting, detective work, covert operations against drug networks, investigating suspects, road traffic control, operating the Civil Guard, handling civilian complaints, handling youth violence, educational campaigns.[11]


Diagram – organizational structure

The Israel Police are a professional force, with some 35,000 persons on the payroll. There are also 70,000 Civil Guard volunteers who contribute time to assist officers in their own communities.[12]

The police are divided into the following main divisional groups:[13]

Headquarters units


Israeli Police bomb disposal operators

Regional districts

Operational units

Weapons and equipment

Israeli police boat on the Sea of Galilee
An Israeli Police Bell 206 helicopter

Each policeman is armed with a pistol (handgun) which he or she usually also carries while off-duty. Also, each patrol car must have at least one long-arm (i.e. rifle). Police volunteers are usually armed with an M1 Carbine, which they return to the police's armory after they finish their duty (they do not take the rifle home, but may sign one out for escorting field trips, etc.). Volunteers who have a gun license may use their own personal handgun as personal defense weapon for their police duty, under the condition that the gun and ammunition type is authorized by the police (9 mm). Common pistols owned and carried by volunteers include Glock and CZ-75 designs.[18]

Specialized armaments such as automatic rifles, bolt action rifles and non-lethal weapons are assigned according to activity and not on personal basis.

Border Guard policemen, however, carry an M16 or M4 rifle as a standard personal weapon and can carry it home while off-duty (like regular infantry in the Israel Defense Forces).[19]

Issued weaponry

Remington 700PSS sniper rifle
Jericho 941 F handgun

Standard-issue rifles (non-combat )

Standard issue rifle (combat)

Sniper rifles


Non-lethal weapons


English language equivalent(Hebrew)RankInsignia
Constable שוטר Shoter
Corporal רב שוטר Rav Shoter
Sergeant סמל שני Samal Sheni
Staff Sergeant סמל ראשון Samal Rishon
Sergeant First Class רב סמל Rav Samal
Master Sergeant רב סמל ראשון Rav Samal Rishon
First Sergeant רב סמל מתקדם Rav Samal Mitkadem
Sergeant Major רב סמל בכיר Rav Samal Bakhir
Sergeant Major of Command רב נגד Rav Nagad
Sub-Inspector מפקח משנה Mefake'ah Mishneh
Inspector מפקח Mefake'ah
Chief Inspector פקד Pakad
Superintendent רב פקד Rav Pakad
Chief Superintendent סגן ניצב Sgan Nitzav
Commander ניצב משנה Nitzav Mishneh
Assistant Commissioner תת ניצב Tat Nitzav
Deputy Commissioner ניצב Nitzav
Commissioner רב ניצב Rav Nitzav
Source: Israel Police website (Hebrew version)

Honors and awards

List of General Commissioners

Police Commissioners
General Commissioner Start year End year
Yehezkel Sahar 1948 1958
Yosef Nachmias 1958 1964
Pinhas Kopel 1964 1972
Aaron Sela 1972
Shaul Rosolio 1972 1976
Haim Tavori 1976 1979
Herzl Shapir 1980
Arieh Ivtsan 1981 1985
David Kraus 1985 1990
Yaakov Turner 1990 1993
Rafi Peled 1993 1994
Asaf Hefetz 1994 1997
Yehuda Vilk 1998 2000
Shlomo Aharonishki 2001 2004
Moshe Karadi 2004 2007
Dudi Cohen 2007 2011
Yohanan Danino 2011 2015
Bentsi Sao 2015
Gal Hirsch 2015
Roni Alsheikh 2015


A 2014 analysis by Yesh Din questioned the professionalism of the police force of the Judea & Samaria District (also known as the West Bank) as only 7.4% of reported attacks by Israeli citizens on Palestinian persons and property had led to indictments.[22] As of January 27, 2015, the police force is considered to be in crisis mode, given that several senior officers have resigned in recent months due to criminal investigations or accusations of sexual harassment of employees. Five police at the rank of major general have resigned in the preceding 18 months amid scandal.[23] The February 2015 announcement that another senior Israel Police officer was under investigation for sexual harassment met with "severe backlash" by women’s and rape victim advocacy groups, who held protests at police headquarters in a number of municipalities throughout Israel.[24]

Haaretz also notes the lack of gender equality in the Israel Police, given that 30% of police are women, but not one of those at the rank of major general is a woman.[25]

See also


  1. "Israel Police". Israel Police. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  2. "The Israel Police and the Community". Israel Police. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  3. "Police Budget" (in Hebrew). Israel Police. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  4. "המחלקה לחקירות שוטרים (מח"ש) – Police Investigations Department" (in Hebrew). Ministry of Justice (Israel). Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  5. Organizational Structure of Ministry of Public Security
  6. Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement
  7. Jack Khoury (July 11, 2010). "Druze protesters clash with police searching restaurant in Golan village". Haaretz.
  8. Article discussing Jerusalem police and the civilian attitude to them. The image in the article shows a policeman protecting an old man at the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem, a holy Jewish site captured by Israel in the Six-Day War
  9. Jerusalem Issue Briefs at the Wayback Machine (archived June 9, 2010)
  10. Emergency telephone number#Emergency numbers See Israel in the list
  11. Official definition of Mission and Functions at the official Israeli police website
  12. The Israeli Civil Guard volunteer police force
  13. all following information according to the official Israel police website cited above
  14. "Mishmar Hagvul" (Hebrew) at Israel Police website
  15. Police Delegation Head for Haiti at U.N. Request
  16. MK Arie Eldad talks of Yassam brutality at Amona settlement or Anarchists at Sheikh Jarach complain of Yassam brutality
  17. Yassam moped mounted policemen chase a pony
  18. Weapons and equipment at official Israel police website. All following lists of weaponry are from this source as well.
  19. According to Hebrew Wikipedia entries on M16 and the Galil rifles, which preceded the M16 and was used for 20 years as the main task gun.
  20. Everyone wins at Urban Shield 2010
  21. Israeli Police press release, 2.11.2011 (Hebrew)
  22. "Semblance of Law". Yesh Din. September 12, 2006. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  23. Police in crisis as sixth top cop quits in disgrace Haaretz, 27 Jan 2015
  24. ‘Latest police sexual assault scandal just tip of the iceberg’ The Jerusalem Post, 6 Feb 2015
  25. On gender equality, Israel police get criminally low marks Haaretz, 6 Feb 2015
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