Moldovan parliamentary election, 2014
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Parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 30 November 2014, four years after the previous parliamentary election on 28 November 2010. The elections were the eighth parliamentary election since independence in 1991.
The elections were described as "more a loss than a victory" of the incumbent pro-European coalition, with center-right parties divided by sharp tensions. The pro-Russian Socialist Party (PSRM), composed of former communists, emerged as the winner of the 2014 elections and the strongest party in Parliament, gaining 20.51% of votes. The Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) dropped from 38 to 21 seats.
The 101 members of Parliament were elected by party-list proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency. There were four separate electoral thresholds: 9 percent for electoral blocs with three or more parties, 7 percent for two-party electoral blocs, 4 percent for single parties or organisations, and 2 percent for independent candidates.
Documents for registration of electoral candidates had to be submitted to the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) between 3 and 30 October 2014. Once formally registered by the CEC, the candidates were allowed to begin campaigning.
The main dividing line between the parties was foreign policy, setting the pro-European Union (EU) parties (the Democratic Party, the Liberal Democratic Party, and the Liberal Party) against those supporting rapprochement with the then incoming Eurasian Economic Union and the Russian Federation (PCRM and PSRM). The PSRM was the most radical by offering to cancel the agreement on political association and the free trade zone with the EU, and was openly supported by Russia. The leader of the party, Igor Dodon, publicly met with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.
In total, the Central Electoral Commission registered 25 participants in the election (20 political parties, 1 electoral bloc, and 4 independent candidates):
|No.||Party or independent candidate's name|| Candidate list accepted by the|
Central Electoral Commission on
|1||Democratic Party of Moldova||10 October 2014|
|2||Christian-Democratic People's Party||10 October 2014|
|3||Force of the People Party||10 October 2014|
|4||Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||10 October 2014|
|5||Liberal Reformist Party||10 October 2014|
|6||Communist Reformist Party of Moldova||10 October 2014|
|7||Popular Movement Anti-Mafia Party||10 October 2014|
|8||National Liberal Party||10 October 2014|
|9||Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova||10 October 2014|
|10||'Moldova's Choice - Customs Union' Electoral Bloc||10 October 2014|
|11||'Democracy at Home' Political Party||10 October 2014|
|12||People's Party of Moldova||10 October 2014|
|13||Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||10 October 2014|
|14||Liberal Party||10 October 2014|
|15||Revival Party||10 October 2014|
|16||'Homeland' Party(*)||13 October 2014|
|17||Democratic Action Party||27 October 2014|
|18||Ecologist Green Party||28 October 2014|
|19||Oleg Cernei||29 October 2014|
|20||Oleg Brega||3 November 2014|
|21||'Patriots of Moldova' Party||3 November 2014|
|22||Valeriu Pleșca||6 November 2014|
|23||Anatolie Doga||7 November 2014|
|24||Centrist Union of Moldova||6 November 2014|
|25||For Nation and Country Party||6 November 2014|
(*) Declared withdrawn as of 27 November 2014. However, its name appeared on the ballot paper, as it is too late to remove it.
The candidate list of the Republican Socio-Political Movement Equality was accepted by the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) on 29 October 2014; however, the party later decided to withdraw from the election. On 22 November 2014, the CEC announced that it had accepted the withdrawal.
The Homeland Party was declared withdrawn from the election by the Chișinău Court of Appeal on 27 November 2014, for having used foreign financial resources during the campaign. Because ballot papers had already been printed, it was too late to remove the party's name (as was previously done for the Socio-political Movement 'Ravnopravie'). Instead, a stamp marked "withdrawn" was applied next to the party's name. The Supreme Court of Justice of Moldova rejected the party's appeal on 29 November 2014.
|Party||2010 elections||Opinion Polls|
|Seats||%||Jan 2013||Apr 2013||Apr 2013||May 2013||Oct 2013||Nov 2013||Nov 2013||March 2014||April 2014||May 2014||June 2014||July 2014||September 2014|
|Party of Socialists||327,910||20.51||25||New|
|Liberal Democratic Party||322,188||20.16||23||–9|
|Party of Communists||279,372||17.48||21||–21|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||252,489||15.80||19||+4|
|Communist Reformist Party||78,719||4.92||0||New|
|'Moldova's Choice - Customs Union' Electoral Bloc||55,089||3.45||0||New|
|Popular Movement Anti-Mafia Party||27,843||1.74||0||New|
|Liberal Reformist Party||24,956||1.56||0||New|
|People's Party of Moldova||12,112||0.76||0||New|
|Christian-Democratic People's Party||11,782||0.74||0||0|
|Force of the People Party||11,672||0.73||0||New|
|National Liberal Party||6,859||0.43||0||0|
|Democratic Action Party||2,564||0.16||0||New|
|Democracy at Home||2,449||0.15||0||New|
|For Nation and Country Party||1,697||0.11||0||0|
|Patriots of Moldova||1,498||0.09||0||0|
|Ecologist Green Party||1,366||0.09||0||0|
- Four members of the PSRM were elected as PCRM candidates in Election as part of alliance. Later on they revived the PSRM
- Seven members of the Liberal Party defected to the Liberal Reformist Party during the previous parliamentary term.
- Timuş, Natalia (23 March 2015). "A democratic and European stern test for Moldovan political elite". Party Systems and Governments Observatory. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- Electoral system IPU
- General information about the parliamentary elections of 2014 in Moldova eDemocracy
- "Moldova, Parliamentary Elections, 30 November 2014: Needs Assessment Mission Report", Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, 19 September 2014, page 7, accessed 14 December 2014
- Nr. 2664 - cu privire la lista partidelor şi altor organizaţii social-politice cu dreptul de a participa la alegerile parlamentare din 30 noiembrie 2014 CEC (Romanian)
- Position on the ballot paper, as determined by the Central Electoral Commission. Parties are listed on the ballot paper in the order they register their candidate lists with the Commission. If more than one party registers candidates on the same day, the order is determined by the Commission following a draw. See: http://cec.md/index.php?pag=news&id=1042&rid=12128&l=ro
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- "Association of Sociologists and Demographers of Moldova Poll". allmoldova.md. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Privesc.eu poll". infoprut.ro. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "Public opinion survey Residents of Moldova" (PDF). International Republican Institute. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
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