President of Moldova

President of Moldova

Nicolae Timofti

since 23 March 2012
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Presidential Palace,
Appointer Popular vote
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mircea Snegur
Formation September 3, 1990
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The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is Nicolae Timofti, who assumed office on 23 March 2012.

Constitutional position

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation.

Acting president

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

When the office of the President of the Republic of Moldova becomes vacant or the President has been suspended from office, or finds himself in the temporary impossibility of discharging his duties, the responsibility of the office shall devolve ad interim on the President of Parliament or the Prime Minister, in that priority order.

Suspension from office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):


According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):


Between 1994 and 2000, the President had been elected by popular vote for a four-year term; if no candidate received a majority in the first round, a runoff took place between the top two finishers. In 2000, the Law regarding the election of the President of Moldova stipulated that the President would be indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must win a supermajority of 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms.

Nevertheless, the Constitutional Court ruled on March 4, 2016, that the law adopted in 2000 was unconstitutional,[1] thus reverting the election method of the President to a two-round system direct election.

List of Presidents of Moldova

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)


  Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Portrait Name
Took office Left office Political party
1 Ion Inculeț
December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet



Portrait Name
Took office Left office Political party
1 Mircea Snegur
27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)


  PDAM   PCRM   PL   PLDM   PDM   PSRM   Independent

  Acting President
Portrait Name
Took office Left office Political party Elected
1 Mircea Snegur
3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Independent 1991
2 Petru Lucinschi
15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova 1996
3 Vladimir Voronin
7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Party of Communists 2001
Mihai Ghimpu
Acting President
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vladimir Filat
Acting President
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu
Acting President
30 December 2010 23 March 2012 Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti
23 March 2012 Incumbent Independent 2011–12
5 Igor Dodon
President-elect Party of Socialists 2016

Living former Presidents

There are three living former Moldovan Presidents and one outgoing president:


Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard.

The President Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR.

See also


External links

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