Gai lan

"Kai-lan" redirects here. For the television show, see Ni Hao, Kai-Lan.
Gai lan
Species Brassica oleracea
Cultivar group Alboglabra Group
Origin unknown
Cultivar group members unknown
Gai lan
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 芥蘭
Simplified Chinese 芥兰
Hanyu Pinyin jièlán
Cantonese Jyutping gaai3 laan4*2
Literal meaning mustard orchid
Burmese name
Burmese ကိုက်လန်
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese alphabet cải làn or cải rổ
Thai name
Thai คะน้า (khana)

Gai lan (also written as kai-lan; Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra)[1] is the Chinese name for a vegetable that is also known as Chinese broccoli or Chinese kale. It is a leaf vegetable featuring thick, flat, glossy blue-green leaves with thick stems with flower heads, similar to but much smaller than broccoli. Broccoli and gai lan belong to the same species Brassica oleracea, but gai lan is in the group alboglabra (from Latin albus "white" and glabrus "hairless"). Its flavor is very similar to that of broccoli, but slightly more bitter. It is also noticeably stronger.


Broccolini is a hybrid between broccoli and gai lan, produced by Mann Packing Company, Inc.


Gai lan can be sown in late summer for early-winter harvesting. Seedlings planted in autumn will last all winter.


Gai lan is eaten widely in Chinese cuisine, Common preparations include gai lan stir-fried with ginger and garlic, and boiled or steamed and served with oyster sauce. It is also common in Vietnamese, Burmese and Thai cuisine.

See also


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