Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya

"JNV" redirects here. For the journal, see Journal of NeuroVirology.
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
Pragyanam Brahma
All Over India except State of Tamil Nadu
Type Public
Established 1986
Founder Rajiv Gandhi
Grades VI - XII
Number of students 2,41,648 as of March 31, 2015[1]
Campus type Rural
Affiliation CBSE
Information 600+ Branches
Website www.nvshq.org
Navodaya Song

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) are a system of alternate schools for gifted students in India. They are run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, New Delhi, an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of School Education and Literacy, Government of India. JNVs are fully residential and co-educational schools affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi, with classes from VI to XII standard. JNVs are specifically tasked with finding talented children in rural areas of India and providing them with an education equivalent to the best residential school system, without regard to their family's socio-economic condition.[1]

The Navodaya Vidyalaya System is a unique experiment unparalleled in the annals of school education in India and elsewhere. Its significance lies in the selection of talented rural children as the target group and the attempt to provide them with quality education comparable to the best in a residential school system. Such children are found in all sections of society, and in all areas including the most backward

JNVs exist all over India, with the exception of Tamil Nadu, where anti hindi movements were widespread during past times.[2] There are approximately 598 JNVs across India (one school per district) as of 2011-12 academic year.[3]


The concept of opening Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya in every district of India was born as a part of section 5.15 in New Policy on Education (NPE86)

As per policy of the Government, one Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya is to be established in each district of country. Accordingly Navodaya Vidyalayas have been sanctioned for 576 districts. In addition to 10 JNVs have been sanctioned in districts having large population of ST population and 10 JNVs in districts having large concentration of SC population and 2 special JNVs in Manipur bringing total number of sanctioned JNVs to 598. Each Vidyalaya has provision for a full-fledged campus with sufficient building for classrooms, dormitories, staff quarters, dining hall and other infrastructural facilities viz. playgrounds, workshops, library and labs etc.[4] In November 2016, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved opening of one Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) in each of the 62 uncovered districts.[5] That will bring total number of JNVs to 660 once operational.

Organisational Structure

The Samiti

Navodaya Vidyalayas are run by the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS), an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of School Education and Literacy, Govt. of India. The Chairman of the Samiti is the Hon'ble Minister of Human Resource Development.

The Samiti functions through the an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of the Hon'ble Minister of HRD. The Executive Committee is responsible for the managementof all affairs including allocation of funds to the Samiti and has the authority to exercise all powers of Samiti. It is assisted by two Sub-Committees i.e. Finance Committee and Academic Advisory Committee, in its functions.

The executive head of the administrative pyramid is the Commissioner who executes the policies laid down by the Samiti's Executive Committee. He/she is assisted at the Headquarters level by Joint Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners and Asstt. Commissioners. At the Regional level, he/she is assisted by the Deputy Commissioners and Asstt. Commissioners.

The Samiti has established 8 Regional Offices for the administration and monitoring of Navodaya Vidyalayas under their jurisdiction. For each Vidyalaya, there is a Vidyalaya Advisory Committee and a Vidyalaya Management Committee for the general supervision of the Vidyalaya. District Magistrate of the concerned district is the Chairman of Vidyalaya level Committee with local educationists, public representatives and officers from the District as members. The Vidyalaya Management Committee has two sub-committees i.e. Vidyalaya Purchase Advisory Sub-Committee and Vidyalaya Appointments Sub-Committee.[6]

Regional Offices of NVS

The Regional Offices of Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti are located at Bhopal, Chandigarh, Hydarabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Patna, Pune & Shillong with jurisdiction over different states and UTs. The Regional Offices are headed by a Deputy Commissioner.


Admission to the JNVs requires qualifying in an entrance exam, called the JNVST, designed, developed and conducted by NCERT earlier and now by the CBSE, except lateral admissions in the class IX and XI to the very limited seats held on annually apparently on February 2 Sunday. It is administered by the respective Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya regional center. The test encompasses reasoning/Mental ability skills, Maths, and Regional language. The school provides reservation as per mandate of Govt. of India, at least 75% selection of students from rural areas, maximum 25% from urban areas and fixed 33% to girl students. The JNV Samiti takes extensive care to make the applications available (and to communicate their availability through multiple media outlets) to far-flung rural districts, so as to properly serve this under-served population. Every year every JNV select about 80 most meritorious students. There is no admission fee and no re-admission fee however the non below poverty line and General category male students of Class IX to XII are charged 200 per month in welfare of Vidyalayas called Vidyalaya Vikas Nidhi.



Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti was established in 1985 and it set up its first school in Kaloi,district Jhajjar,Haryana on 5/3/1986 and another school was set up in Amrawati,Maharashtra on 6/3/1986 . Since then, it has established nearly 600 schools across the Country, including Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep, except Tamil Nadu From 2014-15 session some schools are given Samsung Smart Lab.

List of Navodaya Vidyalayas[7]

  1. JNV Middle Andaman
  2. JNV Nicobar


  1. JNV Ananthapur
  2. JNV Chittoor
  3. JNV East Godavari-I
  4. JNV Guntur
  5. JNV Kadapa
  6. JNV East Godavari-II
  7. JNV Krishna
  8. JNV Kurnool
  9. JNV Nellore
  10. JNV Prakasam - I
  11. JNV Prakasam - II
  12. JNV Srikakulam
  13. JNV Visakhapatnam
  14. JNV Vizianagaram
  15. JNV W.Godavari


  1. JNV Baksa
  2. JNV Barpeta
  3. JNV Bongaigaon
  4. JNV Cachar
  5. JNV Chirang
  6. JNV Darrang
  7. JNV Dhemaji
  8. JNV Dhubri
  9. JNV Dibrugarh
  10. JNV Dima Hasao
  11. JNV Goalpara
  12. JNV Golaghat
  13. JNV Hailakandi
  14. JNV Jorhat
  15. JNV Kamrup-I
  16. JNV Kamrup (Urban)-II
  17. JNV Karbianglong-I
  18. JNV Karbianglong-II
  19. JNV Karbianglong-II
  20. JNV Karimganj
  21. JNV Kokrajhar
  22. JNV Lakhimpur
  23. JNV Morigaon
  24. JNV Naugaon
  25. JNV Nalbari
  26. JNV Sivsagar
  27. JNV Sonitpur
  28. JNV Tinsukia
  29. JNV Udalguri


  2. JNV Dharwad
  3. JNV Waraseoni
  4. JNV Ernakulam
  5. JNV Ahmednagar
  6. JNV Balasore
  7. JNV Cachar
  8. JNV Nadia
  9. JNV Chittoor
  10. JNV East Godavari
  11. JNV Gadag
  12. JNV Golaghat
  13. JNV Jorhat
  14. JNV Kollam
  15. JNV Krishna
  16. JNV Prakasam-I
  17. JNV Sahibganj
  18. JNV Sitapur
  19. JNV Surajpur
  20. JNV West Champaran
  21. JNV Malampuzha
  22. JNV Gumla
  27. JNV Barabanki

Cultural activities

Cultural activities are a key part of the JNV program. Each school has a music hall where the students are taught to play different musical instruments. Inter-school competitions are held at all India level.


JNVs give great emphasis to sports. Every JNV provides facilities for handball, football, volleyball, basketball, kho-kho, badminton, kabaddi, hockey, and cricket. The daily schedule allots at least two hours a day toward sports or other play activities. The campuses also provide a gymnasium and multi-purpose room for indoor games.

Inter-school competitions are also yearly once at cluster, regional, national, and SGFI (School Games Federation of India) level.

Scouting, Guiding and NCC

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti is recognised as a state for Scouting and Guiding activities by the Bharat Scouts and Guides. Navodaya students regularly and actively participate in programmes of BSG. NCC is being introduced in JNVs in a phased manner. Samiti had a total cadet strength of 9420 during 2003-2004. As part of NCC training, students of the JNVs attended several camps and excelled themselves.


One of the important features of the JNV scheme is an exchange programme wherein students visit JNVs in different linguistic regions . The aim of the exchange program is focused on national integration. According to the scheme, selected 30% of 9th class students are exchanged between JNVs of non-Hindi speaking region and Hindi speaking region, for one year and students of two collaborated navodayas are taught language of their associated state as third language for four years, from class 6th-9th. s.


  1. 1 2 "Overview". Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  2. "Navodyas in Tamil Nadu". The Hindu.
  3. "JNV Students Profile". Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  4. "Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti". www.nvshq.org. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  5. "62 more JNVs approved". 23 Nov 2016. Retrieved 24 Nov 2016 via The Economic Times.
  6. http://www.nvshq.org/display_page.php?page=Organisational%20Structure
  7. "Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti". nvshq.org. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
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