Glen W. Denison Jr.
|Headquarters||San Rafael, CA, United States|
Jean-Jacques Bienaime, Chief Executive Officer|
Henry J. Fuchs, Chief Medical Officer
Dan Spiegelman, Chief Financial Officer
|Products||Kuvan, Naglazyme, Aldurazyme, Firdapse, Vimizim|
|Revenue||US$ 889 million (2015)|
|US$ -171 million (2015)|
|Total assets||US$ 2.49 billion (2014)|
|Total equity||US$ 1.52 billion (2014)|
Number of employees
Footnotes / references|
BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc. is an American biotechnology company headquartered in San Rafael, California. It has offices and facilities in the United States, South America, Asia, and Europe. BioMarin's core business and research is in enzyme replacement therapies (ERTs). BioMarin was the first company to provide therapeutics for mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I), by manufacturing laronidase (Aldurazyme, commercialized by Genzyme Corporation). BioMarin was also the first company to provide therapeutics for phenylketonuria (PKU).
BioMarin was founded in 1997 by Christopher Starr Ph.D. and Grant W. Denison Jr. with an investment of a $1.5 million from Glyko Biomedical and went public in 1999. Seed investors were amongst others MPM Bioventures, Grosvenor Fund and Florian Schönharting.
In 2009, BioMarin acquired Huxley Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Huxley), which had rights to a proprietary form of 3,4-diaminopyridine (3,4-DAP), amifampridine phosphate. In 2010, BioMarin was granted marketing approval by the European Commission for 3,4-diaminopyridine (3,4-DAP), amifampridine phosphate for the treatment of the rare autoimmune disease Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). BioMarin launched the product under the name Firdapse.
In 2010, BioMarin acquired LEAD Therapeutics, Inc. (LEAD), a small private drug discovery and early stage development company with key compound LT-673, an orally available poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor studied for the treatment of patients with rare, genetically defined cancers. This acquisition was followed by the purchase of ZyStor Therapeutics, Inc. (ZyStor), a privately held biotechnology company developing ERTs for the treatment of lysosomal storage disorders and its lead product candidate, ZC-701, a fusion of insulin-like growth factor 2 and alpha glucosidase (IGF2-GAA) in development for Pompe disease. At its R&D day in October 2010, BioMarin also announced a new program for a peptide therapeutic, vosoritide (BMN-111), for the treatment of achondroplasia.
In 2014, BioMarin acquired a histone deacetylase inhibitor chemical library from Repligen for $2 million with the intention of advancing work toward therapies for Friedreich's ataxia and other neurological disorders.
In November 2014, the company agreed the acquisition of Prosensa for up to $840 million, the range of treatments for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy however failed to attain FDA approval and in May 2016 development ceased.
The following is an illustration of the company's major mergers and acquisitions and historical predecessors (this is not a comprehensive list):
As of 2016, BioMarin has five products on the market, each of which is an orphan drug.
- Tetrahydrobiopterin (branded as Kuvan) (sapropterin dihydrochloride), a small molecule drug for phenylketonuria, introduced in 2007 as the first medication-based intervention to treat phenylketonuria
- Arylsulfatase B (branded as Naglazyme) (galsulfase), a recombinant protein therapeutic for Maroteaux–Lamy syndrome (also called mucopolysaccharidosis type VI)
- Iduronidase (branded as Aldurazyme), a recombinant protein therapeutic for mucopolysaccharidosis I
- Amifampridine (branded as Firdapse), a small molecule drug for Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome (as of 2013 approved in the EU only)
- Elosulfase alfa (branded as Vimizim), is the only enzyme replacement therapy to address the cause of Morquio A Syndrome (MPS IVA), which affects an estimated 3,000 patients in the developed world. The disease occurs as a result of a deficiency of activity in an enzyme involved in glycosaminoglycan (GAG) metabolism.
In 2010, BioMarin became involved in controversy surrounding 3,4-diaminopyridine (3,4-DAP). BioMarin markets a phosphate salt of 3,4-DAP under the name Firdapse. In 2010, BioMarin was granted exclusive licensing rights to Firdapse for 10 years. As a result, the price of a prescribed National Health Service treatment course has increased from $1,987 for the unlicensed drug to $69,970 for Firdapse. The company states that prior to its licensing, there was no guaranteed quality control of the product and no way of formally monitoring for uncommon side effects through the regulatory process.
In 2013, BioMarin Pharmaceuticals was at the center of a high profile debate regarding expanded access of cancer patients to experimental drugs. On the advice of her doctor, Andrea Sloan, a patient with advanced ovarian cancer, requested that the company provide her with access to BMN 673, an unapproved PARP inhibitor drug candidate that had exhibited promising activity in a small Phase 1 clinical trial. The company declined, citing safety concerns. Ms. Sloan eventually received a similar drug candidate from a different company.
In 2015, there was another controversy over expanded access, concerning the supply of a drug on clinical trial to a German child who was suffering from a brain disorder but who was not part of the trial.
Use YYYY-MM-DD format for publication dates
- "BioMarin Pharmaceutical 2014 Annual Report Form (10-K)" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. March 2, 2015.
- BioMarin Pharmaceutical (2015-03-02). "2014 Form 10-K Annual Report". SEC. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- BioMarin Pharmaceutical (BMRN) annual SEC income statement filing via Wikinvest.
- BioMarin Pharmaceutical (BMRN) annual SEC balance sheet filing via Wikinvest.
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- BioMarin Office Site: Products
- Pollack, A (2007-12-14). "Agency Approves Drug to Treat Genetic Disorder That Can Lead to Retardation". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-03.
- Goldberg, Adrian (2010-11-21). "Drug firms accused of exploiting loophole for profit". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
- Martin, Daniel (2010-09-27). "Hospitals are forced to use unlicensed medicines to save millions". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
- "What makes an orphan drug?". British Medical Journal. 2010-11-10. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
- "Andrea Sloan Faces Pharma Firm With History Of Indifference". Huffington Post. 2013-09-26. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "In cancer drug battle, both sides appeal to ethics". CNN. 2013-09-20. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- Ed Silverman for Pharmalot. October 4, 2013 Andrea Sloan, 'Poster Child' For Compassionate Use, Gets A Drug
- "Hannahs Kampf gegen Pharmafirma". B5 aktuell. 2015-05-13. Retrieved 2015-05-13.