Big Sky Conference
|Big Sky Conference|
|Established||1963, 53 years ago|
|Division||Division I FCS|
(2 football affiliates)
(2 men's golf affiliates)
|Sports fielded||16 (men's: 7; women's: 9)|
|Region||Western United States|
|Commissioner||Andrea Williams (since 2016)|
The Big Sky Conference (BSC) is a collegiate athletic conference affiliated with the NCAA's Division I, with football competing in the Football Championship Subdivision. Member institutions are located in the western United States in the nine states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. Four affiliate members each participate in one sport. Two schools from California are football-only participants, and two schools from the Northeast participate only in men's golf.
Initially conceived for basketball, the BSC was founded 53 years ago in 1963 with six members in four states; four of the charter members have been in the league from its founding, and a fifth returned in 2014 after an 18-year absence.
The name "Big Sky" came from the popular 1947 western novel by A. B. Guthrie Jr.; it was proposed by Harry Missildine, a sports columnist of the Spokesman-Review just prior to the founding meetings of the conference in Spokane in February 1963, and was adopted with the announcement of the new conference five days later.
The 2012-13 season marked the completion of 50 years of athletic competition and 25 years sponsoring women’s collegiate athletics. Before the season the league introduced a new logo to celebrate this.
The 25th season of women’s athletics also marked a first for the league, as Portland State won the league’s inaugural softball championship. Women's sports were formerly conducted in the Mountain West Athletic Conference.
The Big Sky sponsors championships in 16 sports, including men’s and women’s cross country, golf, indoor and outdoor track and field, basketball, and tennis. In addition, there are also championships in football, and women’s volleyball, soccer, and softball.
All 12 of the Big Sky's full members will play football in the conference once Idaho drops from the FBS to FCS in 2018.
|Institution||Location||Founded||Joined||Type||Enrollment||Endowment (2014)||Nickname||Colors||U.S. News |
|Eastern Washington University||Cheney, Washington||1882||1987||Public||13,453||$27,123,118||Eagles||Red, White, Black
|University of Idaho||Moscow, Idaho||1889||1963, 2014||Public||11,534||$240,979,808||Vandals||Silver & Gold
|Idaho State University||Pocatello, Idaho||1901||1963||Public||15,553||$49,000,000||Bengals||Orange, Black, White
|University of Montana||Missoula, Montana||1893||1963||Public||14,946||$170,167,546||Grizzlies||Maroon & Silver
|Montana State University||Bozeman, Montana||1893||1963||Public||15,421||$126,452,621||Bobcats||Navy Blue & Gold
|University of North Dakota||Grand Forks, North Dakota||1883||2012||Public||14,906||$230,600,000||Fighting Hawks||Kelly Green, White, Black
|Northern Arizona University||Flagstaff, Arizona||1899||1970||Public||27,715||$144,000,000||Lumberjacks||Blue & Gold
|University of Northern Colorado||Greeley, Colorado||1889||2006||Public||12,087||$83,071,771||Bears||Navy Blue & Gold
|Portland State University||Portland, Oregon||1946||1996||Public||28,241||$84,713,385||Vikings||Forest Green, White, Black
|California State University, Sacramento||Sacramento, California||1947||1996||Public||28,811||$29,981,610||Hornets||Green & Gold
|Southern Utah University||Cedar City, Utah||1897||2012||Public||7,656||$22,880,715||Thunderbirds||Red, White, Black
|Weber State University||Ogden, Utah||1889||1963||Public||26,681||$119,910,849||Wildcats||Purple, Grey, White
- Idaho had been a charter member of the Big Sky in 1963, but left the conference in 1996.
- The Montana women's basketball team is known as the Lady Griz, but all other women's teams are known as Grizzlies.
|Binghamton University, SUNY||Vestal, New York||1946||2014||Public||16,695||$101,414,229||Bearcats||Green & White
||America East||Men's Golf||89|
|California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, California||1901||2012||Public||20,186||$207,485,860||Mustangs||Green & Gold
|University of California, Davis||Davis, California||1905||2012||Public||35,415||$968,230,000||Aggies||Blue & Gold
|University of Hartford||West Hartford, Connecticut||1877||2014||Private||7,025||$146,113,000||Hawks||Scarlet & White
||America East||Men's Golf||92|
|Institution||Location||Founded||Joined||Left||Type||Enrollment||Nickname||Subsequent Conference Membership|
|Boise State University||Boise, Idaho||1932||1970||1996||Public||22,678||Broncos|| Big West (1996–2001)|
Mountain West (2011–present)
|California State University, Northridge||Northridge, California||1958||1996||2001||Public||36,070||Matadors||Big West (2001–present)|
|Gonzaga University||Spokane, Washington||1887||1963||1979||Private||7,764||Bulldogs||WCC (1979–present)|
|University of Nevada||Reno, Nevada||1874||1979||1992||Public||18,227||Wolf Pack|| Big West (1992–2000)|
Mountain West (2012–present)
- Gonzaga, which has not fielded a football team since 1941, was a charter member in 1963.
Full members Assoc. members (football only) Full members (except football) Assoc. members (other sports) Other Conference Other Conference
As of the 2016–17 school year, the Big Sky sponsors championships in seven men's and nine women's NCAA sanctioned sports. Each core member institution is required to participate in all of the 13 core sports. Men's core sports are basketball, cross country, football, indoor track and field, outdoor track and field, and tennis. Women's core sports are basketball, cross country, golf, indoor track and field, outdoor track and field, tennis, and volleyball. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and UC Davis participate as football-only affiliates, otherwise participating in the Big West Conference. Binghamton and Hartford are affiliates in men's golf only, otherwise participating in the America East Conference. Before the 2014–15 school year, the latter two schools had participated in men's golf alongside five full Big Sky members in the single-sport America Sky Conference. The return of Idaho brought the number of members participating in men's golf to six, which led to the Big Sky adding men's golf and absorbing the America Sky Conference.
The Big Sky is unusual among Division I all-sports conferences in not sponsoring baseball. The conference originally sponsored baseball, with all members participating. When Boise State and Northern Arizona arrived for the 1971 season, competition was split into two divisions of four teams each, with the winners in a best-of-three championship series. Montana State and Montana soon dropped the sport and by the 1973 season, only six teams remained but the divisions were kept, and Boise State moved over to the North Division for two years. In May 1974, the Big Sky announced its intention to discontinue five of its ten sponsored sports. It retained football, basketball, cross-county, track, and wrestling, and dropped conference competition in baseball, golf, tennis, swimming, and skiing. Of the eleven Big Sky baseball titles, four each went to Idaho (1964,'66,'67,'69) and Gonzaga (1965,'71,'73,'74), and three to Weber State (1968,'70,'72). Gonzaga won the final title in 1974 over Idaho State in three games, after losing the first game in Pocatello. Southern division champion Idaho State chose to end its baseball program weeks following the conference's announcement, and Gonzaga, Idaho, and Boise State joined the new Northern Pacific League (NorPac) for baseball in 1975. Boise State and Idaho competed in the NorPac for six seasons, then discontinued baseball after the 1980 season. North Dakota announced on April 12, 2016 that it would discontinue its baseball program, effective following the 2015-16 season. Currently, two Big Sky members sponsor baseball: Northern Colorado and Sacramento State. Both compete in the Western Athletic Conference.
|Track and Field (Indoor)|
|Track and Field (Outdoor)|
Men's sponsored sports by school
Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Sky Conference which are played by Big Sky schools:
|Northern Colorado||WAC||No||No||No||No||Big 12|
|Sacramento State||WAC||No||No||Big West||No||No|
Women's sponsored sports by school
|Golf||Soccer||Softball||Tennis|| Track & Field|
| Track & Field|
|Eastern Washington|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Idaho|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Idaho State|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Montana|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Montana State|| || || || || || || || || || |
|North Dakota|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Northern Arizona|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Northern Colorado|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Portland State|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Sacramento State|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Southern Utah|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Weber State|| || || || || || || || || || |
|Totals|| || || || || || || || || || |
Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Sky Conference which are played by Big Sky schools:
|School||Beach Volleyball||Gymnastics||Ice Hockey||Rowing||Skiing||Swimming|
|Sacramento State||Independent||MPSF||No||The American||No||No|
|Southern Utah||No||Mountain Rim||No||No||No||No|
|School||Football stadium||Capacity||Basketball arena||Capacity|
|Cal Poly San Luis Obispo||Alex G. Spanos Stadium||11,075||Football-only member|
|Eastern Washington||Roos Field||8,600||Reese Court||6,000|
|Idaho||Kibbie Dome||16,000||Cowan Spectrum
|Idaho State||Holt Arena||12,000||Holt Arena (men)
Reed Gym (women)
|Montana||Washington–Grizzly Stadium||25,203||Dahlberg Arena||7,321|
|Montana State||Bobcat Stadium||20,767||Worthington Arena||7,250|
|North Dakota||Alerus Center||12,283||Betty Engelstad Sioux Center
Ralph Engelstad Arena
|Northern Arizona||Walkup Skydome||10,000||Walkup Skydome||7,000|
|Northern Colorado||Nottingham Field||8,533||Butler–Hancock Sports Pavilion||2,992|
|Portland State||Providence Park||20,000||Peter Stott Center||1,500|
|Sacramento State||Hornet Stadium||21,195||Colberg Court||1,012|
|Southern Utah||Eccles Coliseum||8,500||Centrum Arena||5,300|
|UC Davis||Aggie Stadium||10,367||Football-only member|
|Weber State||Stewart Stadium||17,500||Dee Events Center||11,500|
Note: The Idaho Vandals men's basketball team plays early season home games at Memorial Gym, home of the Vandals women's basketball team.
Current NBA players
- Eastern Washington and Portland State
- Idaho and Idaho State
- Idaho and Montana
- Idaho State and Weber State
- Idaho State and Montana
- Montana and Montana State
- Portland State and Sacramento State
- Weber State and Southern Utah
- Eastern Washington and Montana
- Weber State and Montana
- Weber State and Utah State/Utah/BYU/Utah Valley
- Eastern Washington and Gonzaga
- Idaho and Boise State
- Idaho State and Wyoming
- Montana and Wyoming
- Montana State and Wyoming
- Sacramento State and UC Davis
- Portland State and Portland
- Northern Colorado and Colorado State
- Northern Colorado and Denver
- North Dakota and North Dakota State
- North Dakota and South Dakota
Rivalries - football
|School||Rival 1||Rival 2|
|UC Davis||Sacramento State||Cal Poly San Luis Obispo|
|Cal Poly San Luis Obispo||UC Davis||Sacramento State|
|Eastern Washington||Montana||Portland State|
|Idaho State||Weber State||Portland State|
|Montana||Montana State||Eastern Washington|
|Montana State||Montana||North Dakota|
|North Dakota||Montana State||Northern Colorado|
|Northern Arizona||Southern Utah||Northern Colorado|
|Northern Colorado||North Dakota||Northern Arizona|
|Portland State||Eastern Washington||Idaho State|
|Sacramento State||UC Davis||Cal Poly San Luis Obispo|
|Southern Utah||Northern Arizona||Weber State|
|Weber State||Idaho State||Southern Utah|
|Cal Poly San Luis Obispo||UC Davis||1939||Battle for the Golden Horseshoe||The Golden Horseshoe||Cal Poly San Luis Obispo||UC Davis leads 19–17–2|
|Eastern Washington||Montana||1938||The EWU-UM Governors Cup||Governors Cup||Montana||Montana leads 27–15–1|
|Eastern Washington||Portland State||1968||The Dam Cup||The Dam Cup||Portland State||Portland State leads 20-17-1|
|Idaho State||Weber State||1962||Weber State||Weber State leads 35–14|
|Montana||Montana State||1897||Brawl of the Wild||The Great Divide Trophy||Montana||Montana leads 71–37–5|
|UC Davis||Sacramento State||1954||Causeway Classic||Causeway Carriage||UC Davis||UC Davis leads 39-18|
|Cal Poly San Luis Obispo||Sacramento State||1967||Green and Gold Game||Sacramento State||The Series is tied 16-16|
|Southern Utah||Northern Arizona||1983||The Canyonland Classic||HintonBurdick Grand Canyon Trophy||Southern Utah||Northern Arizona leads 12-6|
|Southern Utah||Weber State||1984||Beehive Bowl||Weber State||Weber State leads 16-7|
|Idaho||Idaho State||1916||Idaho||Idaho leads 28–11||Last competed for in 2008, will play again in 2018|
|Idaho||Boise State||1971||Governor's Cup||Boise State||Boise State leads 22–17-1||Last competed for in 2010|
|Montana||Idaho||1903||Little Brown Stein||Montana||Idaho leads 55–27–2||Last competed for in 2003, will play again in 2018|
|Northern Colorado||Colorado State||1893||Colorado State||Colorado State leads 19–1–1||Last competed for in 2016. CSU 47 UNC 21|
|North Dakota||North Dakota State||1894||Nickel Trophy||North Dakota State||North Dakota leads 62–46–3||Their 2015 game was the first since 2003; next game scheduled for 2019.|
- Jack Friel (1963–71)
- John Roning (1971–77)
- Steve Belko (1977–81)
- Ron Stephenson (1981–95)
- Doug Fullerton (1995–2016)
- Andrea Williams (2016–present)
Big Sky championships
Big Sky men's basketball
|Season||Regular Season Champion||Tournament Champion|
|1964||Montana State||no tournament|
|1966||Weber State, Gonzaga|
|1967||Gonzaga, Montana State|
|1976||Weber State, Boise State, Idaho State||Boise State|
|1977||Idaho State||Idaho State|
|1979||Weber State||Weber State|
|1980||Weber State||Weber State|
|1983||Weber State, Nevada||Weber State|
|1986||Northern Arizona, Montana||Montana State|
|1987||Montana State||Idaho State|
|1988||Boise State||Boise State|
|1994||Weber State, Idaho State||Boise State|
|1995||Weber State, Montana||Weber State|
|1996||Montana State||Montana State|
|1998||Northern Arizona||Northern Arizona|
|1999||Weber State||Weber State|
|2000||Montana, Eastern Washington||Northern Arizona|
|2003||Weber State||Weber State|
|2004||Eastern Washington||Eastern Washington|
|2007||Weber State, Northern Arizona||Weber State|
|2008||Portland State||Portland State|
|2009||Weber State||Portland State|
|2011||Northern Colorado||Northern Colorado|
|2014||Weber State||Weber State|
|2016||Weber State||Weber State|
Basketball championships (by school)
|School||Member years|| Conference|
The best finish by a Big Sky team in the men's NCAA Tournament came in 1977, when the Idaho State Bengals advanced to the Elite Eight, with a one-point upset of UCLA in the Sweet Sixteen in Provo, Utah. The highest seed granted a Big Sky team was in 1982: the Idaho Vandals under Don Monson were seeded third in the west regional. They beat Lute Olson's Iowa Hawkeyes in nearby Pullman in overtime, but lost to second-seeded Oregon State in the regional semifinals (Sweet Sixteen), also played in Provo. Other Big Sky teams that advanced to regional semifinals include the Weber State Wildcats in 1969 and 1972, and the Montana Grizzlies under Jud Heathcote in 1975. They fell to UCLA by just three points, who went on to win another title in John Wooden's final year as head coach.
Big Sky women's basketball
|Season||Tournament Champion||Tournament Runner-Up|
|1999||CS Northridge||Portland State|
|2002||Weber State||Montana State|
|2003||Weber State||Montana State|
|2006||Northern Arizona||Weber State|
|2007||Idaho State||Northern Arizona|
|2010||Portland State||Montana State|
|2012||Idaho State||Northern Colorado|
- Mountain West Athletic Conference (MWAC) through 1988 season
Big Sky football titles
- 1963 - (3–1) - Idaho State
- 1964 - (3–0) - Montana State - won Camellia Bowl
- 1965 - (3–1) - Weber State^ and Idaho
- 1966 - (4–0) - Montana State
- 1967 - (4–0) - Montana State
- 1968 - (3–1) - Idaho, Montana State, and Weber State
- 1969 - (4–0) - Montana
- 1970 - (5–0) - Montana
- 1971 - (4–1) - Idaho - (Boise State won Camellia Bowl, UI was Div. I)
- 1972 - (5–1) - Montana State
- 1973 - (6–0) - Boise State - Div. II semifinalist
- 1974 - (6–0) - Boise State
- 1975 - (5–0–1) - Boise State
- 1976 - (6–0) - Montana State - won Div. II national championship
- 1977 - (6–0) - Boise State - had late regular season game, runner-up Northern Arizona invited to Div. II playoffs
- 1978 - (6–0) - Northern Arizona - not invited to inaugural four-team I-AA playoffs - (independent Nevada selected from West)
- 1979 - (6–1) - Montana State - (Boise State (7–0) ineligible) - Nevada (5–2) to four-team I-AA playoffs
- 1980 - (6–1) - Boise State - won I-AA national championship
- 1981 - (6–1) - Idaho State^ - (also 6-1 - Boise State - both to eight-team I-AA playoffs) - ISU won I-AA national championship
- 1982 - (5–2) - Montana^, Idaho, and Montana State (UM @ UI in twelve-team I-AA playoffs, MSU excluded)
- 1983 - (6–1) - Nevada - I-AA semifinalist
- 1984 - (6–1) - Montana State - won I-AA national championship
- 1985 - (6–1) - Idaho^ - (also 6-1 - Nevada - both to I-AA playoffs)
- 1986 - (7–0) - Nevada - I-AA semi-finalist
- 1987 - (7–1) - Idaho^ - (also 7-1 - Weber State - both to I-AA playoffs)
- 1988 - (7–1) - Idaho - I-AA semifinalist
- 1989 - (8–0) - Idaho - (Montana - I-AA semifinalist)
- 1990 - (7–1) - Nevada - I-AA runner-up, defeated Boise State in I-AA semifinals in 3OT
- 1991 - (8–0) - Nevada
- 1992 - (6–1) - Idaho^ and Eastern Washington - (both to I-AA playoffs)
- 1993 - (7–0) - Montana - (Idaho - I-AA semifinalist)
- 1994 - (6–1) - Boise State - I-AA runner-up - (Montana - I-AA semifinalist)
- 1995 - (6–1) - Montana - won I-AA national championship
- 1996 - (8–0) - Montana - I-AA runner-up
- 1997 - (7–1) - Eastern Washington - I-AA semifinalist
- 1998 - (6–2) - Montana
- 1999 - (7–1) - Montana
- 2000 - (8–0) - Montana - I-AA runner-up
- 2001 - (7–0) - Montana - won I-AA national championship
- 2002 - (5–2) - Montana, Montana State, and Idaho State - (UM, MSU to I-AA playoffs, ISU excluded)
- 2003 - (5–2) - Montana State^, Montana, and Northern Arizona - (all three to I-AA playoffs)
- 2004 - (6–1) - Montana^ and Eastern Washington - (both to I-AA playoffs) - UM - I-AA runner-up
- 2005 - (5–2) - Eastern Washington^, Montana State, and Montana - (EWU, UM to I-AA playoffs, MSU excluded)
- 2006 - (8–0) - Montana - FCS semifinalist
- 2007 - (8–0) - Montana
- 2008 - (7–1) - Weber State^ and Montana - (both to FCS playoffs) - UM - FCS runner-up
- 2009 - (8–0) - Montana - FCS runner-up
- 2010 - (7–1) - Montana State^ and Eastern Washington - (both to FCS playoffs) - EWU won FCS national championship
- 2011 - (7–1) - Montana State and Montana^^
- 2012 - (7–1) - Eastern Washington^, Montana State, and Cal Poly SLO - (all three to FCS playoffs)
- 2013 - (8–0) - Eastern Washington - FCS semifinalist
- 2014 - (7–1) - Eastern Washington
- 2015 - (7–1) - Southern Utah
^ - winner of head-to-head matchup(s) in conference game(s) during the regular season. ^^ - vacated due to NCAA violations
Football championships (by school)
|School||member years||total titles||Last won|
|Cal Poly San Luis Obispo||2012–present||1||2012|
|Cal State Northridge||1996–2001||0|
All-time school records by wins for current teams
This list goes through the 2013 season.
|#||Team||Records||Pct.|| Big Sky|
|5||Cal Poly San Luis Obispo||485-383-19||.557||1||1|
Overall Big Sky Conference champions
|Boise State Broncos (1970–1996)||Cal State Northridge Matadors (1996–2001)||Eastern Washington Eagles (1987– )||Gonzaga Bulldogs (1963–1979)||Idaho State Bengals (1963– )||Montana State Bobcats (1963– )||Northern Arizona Lumberjacks (1970– )||Portland State Vikings (1996– )||Sacramento State Hornets (1996– )||Idaho Vandals (1963–1996)||Nevada Wolf Pack (1979–1992)||Northern Colorado Bears (2006– )||Montana Grizzlies (1963– )||Weber State Wildcats (1963– )|
|Women's Basketball (RS/Tourn)||1/0||1/1||1/1||–||3/3||3/1||1/1||1/1||–||1/1||–||1/0||21/20||2/2|
|Men's Cross Country||2||–||–||–||5||2||18||–||–||2||3||–||8||7|
|Women's Cross Country||–||–||–||–||–||4||15||–||–||1||–||–||2||4|
|Men's Indoor Track and Field||2||–||–||–||5||–||12||–||2||1||1||–||–||5|
|Women's Indoor Track and Field||6||3||–||–||1||1||7||–||2||1||–||–||1||4|
|Men's Outdoor Track and Field||1||–||–||–||12||1||15||–||–||4||2||–||1||9|
|Women's Outdoor Track and Field||6||3||–||–||1||1||7||–||3||1||–||–||1||5|
|Men's Swimming (1963–74)||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||2||–||–||8||–|
|Men's Skiing (1963–74)||1||–||–||–||–||4||–||–||–||2||–||–||3||–|
- Eastern Washington Eagles football
- Montana Grizzlies football
- Idaho State Bengals football
- 2012 Big Sky Conference football season
- "Six intermountain colleges move toward athletic ties". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. October 30, 1962. p. 8.
- Missildine, Harry (February 26, 1963). "Six western schools create Big Sky athletic conference". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). p. 12.
- "Big Sky is ready for league action". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. February 26, 1963. p. 13.
- Missildine, Harry (February 20, 1963). "The conference should band smoothly". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). p. 12.
- "Officials view sports loop". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). February 25, 1963. p. 13.
- College Rankings | Best Colleges | US News. Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com.
- Burton, Roy (June 4, 2014). "WSU joins friends/foes as Big Sky brings back men's golf". Standard-Examiner. Ogden, UT. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "Big Sky baseball: split loop planned". Spokane Daily Chronicle. May 19, 1970. p. 13.
- "Vandals list baseball play". Spokane Daily Chronicle. January 28, 1971. p. 22.
- "Big Sky baseball altered; MSU out, NAU in playoffs". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. May 19, 1971. p. 13.
- "Key games: Big Sky Conference". Spokane Daily Chronicle. April 23, 1973. p. 17.
- "Idaho off probation, loop titles dwindle". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. May 15, 1974. p. 13.
- "Baseball axed in Big Sky". Lewiston Morning Tribune. May 29, 1974. p. 15.
- "Vandals Arizona-bound". Spokesman-Review. May 29, 1969. p. 13.
- "Baseball champions". Big Sky Conference. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- "Gonzaga blasts ISU for conference title". Lewiston Morning Tribune. May 22, 1974. p. 15.
- "Idaho (State) drops baseball". Ellensburg Daily Record. June 5, 1974. p. 9.
- "Idaho, Gonzaga join new baseball circuit". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. June 24, 1974. p. 16.
- Goodwin, Dale (May 13, 1980). "Baseball's 'out' at Idaho". Spokesman-Review. p. 19.
- "UND to reduce number of sports after 2015-16 season". University of North Dakota. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
- "Alerus Center". University of North Dakota. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "BettyEngelstadSiouxCenter". University of North Dakota. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "RalphEngelstadArena". University of North Dakota. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Gameday at Northern Colorado". University of Northern Colorado. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
Stadium Capacity: 8,533
- "The Nest-Basketball, Volleyball, Gymnastics". Sacramento State Athletics. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- "League Announces Future Conference Football Schedules". Big Sky Conference. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- "Friel named Big Sky loop commissioner". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. June 8, 1963. p. 2.
- "Frosh can play Sky frosh grid sport: but not Idaho". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. November 25, 1970. p. 12.
- Payne, Bob (May 19, 1971). "New Big Sky commissioner Roning sees fine future". Spokesman-Review. p. 10.
- Newnham, Blaine (January 6, 1977). "A chance in the Sky". Eugene Register-Guard. p. 1C.
- "New Big Sky boss balks at expansion". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. May 21, 1981. p. 26.
- "Changing Big Sky prepares for final fling". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Associated Press. September 1, 1995. p. 1B.
- "Big Sky announces new commissioner". Big Sky Conference. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- bigskyconf.com - football - 1963-2007 - accessed 2012-04-01
- MSU Bobcats.com - 2009 media guide - Big Sky conference standings - p.93