Antrim County, Michigan

Antrim County, Michigan

Antrim County Courthouse
Map of Michigan highlighting Antrim County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840[1]
Named for County Antrim
Seat Bellaire
Largest village Elk Rapids
  Total 602 sq mi (1,559 km2)
  Land 476 sq mi (1,233 km2)
  Water 126 sq mi (326 km2), 21%
  (2010) 23,580
  Density 50/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Antrim County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,580.[2] The county seat is Bellaire.[3] The name is taken from County Antrim in Northern Ireland.

YMCA Camp Hayo-Went-Ha, the oldest American summer camp that sits on its original site, occupies about one square mile on the shore of Torch Lake in Central Lake Township. Boys first attended Hayo-Went-Ha (variant of Hiawatha) in 1904.


A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Antrim County during the period when it was named Meegisee County, its name from 1840 to 1843.[4] The name is misspelled as "Negissee" on the map. Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county was formed in 1840 as Meegisee County.[4] Meegisee (meaning "eagle"), was the name of a Chippewa chief who signed the 1821 Treaty of Chicago and the 1826 Treaty of Mississinwas.

It was renamed Antrim County in 1843,[4] one of the Irish or Scots Irish names given to five renamed Michigan counties at that time, supposedly in deference to the increasing number of settlers of Irish and Scots Irish heritage in Michigan at that time. In the text of the 1843 legislative act, the name was misspelled as "Antim".[1]

Separate county government was organized in 1863.[1][5] The county seat was originally located in Elk Rapids, but was moved to Bellaire in 1904 after 25 years of litigation.[6] In 1950 its population was 10,721.[7]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 602 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 476 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 126 square miles (330 km2) (21%) is water.[8]

The county is considered to be part of Northern Michigan. Glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. A large portion of the area is the so-called Grayling outwash plain, which consists of broad outwash plain including sandy ice-disintegration ridges; jack pine barrens, some white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action.[9]

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201523,154[10]−1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2010 census,[15] there were 23,580 people, 9,890 households, and 6,925 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 17,824 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (45/km²). 96.8% of the population were White, 1.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.4% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 1.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.2% were of German, 13.4% English, 8.9% Irish, 6.9% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 6.9% Polish and 6.4% American ancestry.

There were 9,222 households out of which 26% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 19 to 24, 3.9% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males.


The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials

(information as of August 2009)



Census-Designated Places

Unincorporated communities


See also


  1. 1 2 3 "Bibliography on Antrim County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. 1 2 3 Newberry Library. "Michigan: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of County Historical Boundaries. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  5. "History of Antrim County". Antrim County. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  6. Historic marker in front of Bellaire courthouse
  7. Columbia Lippincott Gazetter, 1952, p. 80
  8. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  9. "NPWRC :: Regional Landscape".
  10. "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  11. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  12. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  13. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  14. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  15. Statistical profile of Antrim County, Michigan, United States Census Bureau, Census 2010

External links

Coordinates: 45°01′N 85°11′W / 45.01°N 85.18°W / 45.01; -85.18

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