Delta County, Michigan

Delta County, Michigan

Delta County Courthouse in Escanaba
Map of Michigan highlighting Delta County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded created March 9, 1843
organized 1861[1]
Seat Escanaba
Largest city Escanaba
  Total 1,991 sq mi (5,157 km2)
  Land 1,171 sq mi (3,033 km2)
  Water 820 sq mi (2,124 km2), 41%
  (2010) 37,069
  Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Delta County is a county in the Upper peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,069.[2] The county seat is Escanaba.[3] The county was surveyed in 1843 and organized in 1861. Its name originates from the Greek letter "delta", which refers to the triangular shape of the original county[1][4] which included segments of Menominee, Dickinson, Iron, and Marquette counties.[5]

Delta County comprises the Escanaba, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,991 square miles (5,160 km2), of which 1,171 square miles (3,030 km2) is land and 820 square miles (2,100 km2) (41%) is water.[6] It is the fifth-largest county in Michigan by land area.

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201536,377[7]−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

The 2010 United States Census[12] indicates Delta County had population of 37,069. This is a decrease of 1,451 people from the 2000 United States Census. This is a -3.8% change in population. In 2010 there were 15,992 households and 10,381 families in the county. The population density was 31.7 per square mile (12.2 square kilometers). There were 20,214 housing units at an average density of 17.3 per square mile (6.7 square kilometers). 94.7% of the population were White, 2.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.2% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 0.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.8% were of French, French Canadian or Cajun, 15.5% German, 10.3% Swedish and 7.6% Irish ancestry.[13]

There were 15,992 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were husband and wife families, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, and 29.8% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.9% under age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. This makes 49.5% of the population male, and 50.5% of the population female.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate[12] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $40,967 and the median income for a family was $49,557. Males had a median income of $28,702 versus $15,093 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,751. About 2.4% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under the age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.


Major highways


The county is served by Delta County Airport (KESC), to the southwest of Escanaba.


The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials

(information as of January 2015)[14]


Map of Delta County with Municipal and Township labels



Unincorporated communities


See also


  1. 1 2 "Bibliography on Delta County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 103.
  5. Names of Michigan Counties
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  7. "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  12. 1 2 "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  13. Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder".
  14. "Delta County Directory". Retrieved July 6, 2013.

External links

Coordinates: 45°47′N 86°52′W / 45.78°N 86.87°W / 45.78; -86.87

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