Crime in Michigan
|Crime in Michigan, 2010|
|Population||Violent crime||Murder and|
|Forcible rape||Robbery||Aggravated assault||Property crime||Burglary||Larceny-theft||Motor vehicle theft|
|Rate per 100,000 inhabitants||490.3||5.7||47.3||116.3||321.0||2,713.6||747.4||1,689||276.8|
|Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report, 2010|
Crime statistics in Michigan vary widely by location. For example, Dearborn has a murder rate of only 1 per 100,000 while sharing borders with Detroit (55/100,000) and Inkster (40/100,000), some of the highest rates in the state.
Crime in the city of Detroit is pervasive and violent. Detroit had the highest violent crime rate in the nation in 2010. FBI reports for 2012 show that Detroit had the second highest violent crime rate among medium-to-large-sized cities in the nation. In 2013, with only 7% of the state population, the city of Detroit had 50% of all murders recorded in Michigan.
The number of homicides peaked in 1974 at 714 and again in 1991 with 615. By the end of 2010, the homicide count fell to 308 for the year with an estimated population of just over 900,000, the lowest count and rate since 1967. According to a 2007 analysis, Detroit officials noted that about 65 to 70 percent of homicides in the city were confined to a narcotics catalyst.
The city has faced many cases of arson each year on Devil's Night, the evening before Halloween. The Angel's Night campaign, launched in the late 1990s, draws many volunteers to patrol the streets during Halloween week. The effort reduced arson: while there were 810 fires set in 1984, this was reduced to 742 in 1996. In recent years, fires on this three-night period have dropped even further. In 2009, the Detroit Fire Department reported 119 fires over this period, of which 91 were classified as suspected arsons.
The city of Flint has recorded murder rates higher than those of Detroit in some years. For example, in 2013 Flint had a murder rate of 48 per 100,000 compared to Detroit's 45. Flint's population fell below 100,000 and it is no longer tracked among the statistics of major cities.
The small city of Benton Harbor, population 10,000, had the highest total crime rate and highest property crime rate in Michigan in 2012. Its murder rate was the third highest in the state.
The second-largest city in Michigan, Grand Rapids recorded a murder rate of 3.2 per 100,000 in 2014 although its average murder rate has been 9.0 per 100,000. The overall crime rate declined by one-third between 2003 and 2011.
In 2008, Michigan had 571 state and local law enforcement agencies. Those agencies employed a total of 26,395 staff. Of the total staff, 19,009 were sworn officers (defined as those with general arrest powers).
Capital punishment laws
Capital punishment is not applied in this state. Capital punishment was banned early in state history and no executions were ever carried out by state authorities.
- United States cities by crime rate
- AlHajal, Khalil (June 13, 2012)
- FBI data: Michigan's crime rates drop but Detroit remains among nation's most dangerous cities, mlive, Kyle Feldscher, November 10, 2014
- Murders fell 15% in Detroit last year, by George Hunter / The Detroit News, published January 4, 2011.
- Detroit homicides fall to lowest level since 1967, by Suzette Hackney, Gina Damron and Kristi Tanner-White, Free Press Staff Writers, published January 4, 2011.
- Shelton, Steve Malik (2008-01-30). Top cop urges vigilance against crime. Michigan Chronicle. Retrieved on 2008-03-17 from http://www.michronicleonline.com/articlelive/articles/2322/1/Top-cop-urges-vigilance-against-crime/Page1.html.
- Urban Community Intervention to Prevent Halloween Arson - Detroit, Michigan, 1985-1996 (April 11, 1997). CDC Wonder at aepo-xdv-www.epo.cdc.gov/wonder/prevguid/m0047208/m0047208.asp.
- Detroit fires drop over 3-day Halloween period Archived March 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Associated Press, Published 2 November 2009
- These Are The 10 Most Dangerous Places In Michigan, movato, Natalie Grigson
- Grand Rapids revels in its low murder rate, Francis X. Donnelly, The Detroit News, February 28, 2015
- Grand Rapids area crime drops, but does it mean fewer officers are needed?, mlive, John Tunison, August 26, 2013
- U.S. Department of Justice, Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008, p.15