Vision (Marvel Comics)

For the original 1940s' Vision, see Vision (Timely Comics).

The Silver Age Vision on the cover of Avengers vol. 4 #24.1 (March 2012). Art by Brandon Peterson.
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Golden Age Vision:
Marvel Mystery Comics #13
(November 1940)
Silver Age Vision:
The Avengers #57
(October 1968)
Created by Golden Age Vision:
Joe Simon (writer)
Jack Kirby (artist)
Silver Age Vision:
Roy Thomas (writer)
Stan Lee (writer)
John Buscema (artist)
In-story information
Team affiliations

Silver Age Vision:
West Coast Avengers
Avengers A.I.

Modern Age Vision:
Young Avengers
Mighty Avengers
Notable aliases Golden Age Vision:
Silver Age Vision:
Victor Shade
Modern Age Vision:

Vision is the name of several fictional superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The first iteration was an alien created by Joe Simon and Jack Kirby who first appeared in Marvel Mystery Comics #13 (November 1940). The second iteration is an android and a member of the Avengers who first appeared in The Avengers #57 (October 1968) by Roy Thomas, Stan Lee and John Buscema. The third Vision is a time traveler that fused with the second version's operating system. The character is portrayed by Paul Bettany in the 2015 film Avengers: Age of Ultron and the 2016 film Captain America: Civil War.

Publication history

The first Vision was created by the writer-artist team of Joe Simon and Jack Kirby in Marvel Mystery Comics #13 (Nov. 1940). A mystical, extra-dimensional police officer, The Vision was published by Marvel predecessor Timely Comics during the 1930s and 1940s, a period which fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books.

Decades later, editor Stan Lee and writer Roy Thomas decided to add a new team member to the superhero-team series The Avengers. Thomas wanted to bring back the Golden Age Vision, but Lee was set on introducing an android member. Thomas ultimately compromised by using a new, android Vision.[1] The second Vision first appeared in The Avengers #57 (Oct. 1968). Thomas wanted the character to be white as befitting his ghostly name, but printing limitations of the time would have rendered him colorless, with un-inked paper where his skin should be. He settled on red as he did not want Vision to be green like the Hulk or blue like the Atlanteans.[2] The character has been compared with Spock from Star Trek, but Thomas said that he was barely aware of the TV series at the time.[3] He acknowledged being influenced by the Adam Link character by Otto Binder, one of the first robots treated as a sympathetic character rather than as a mechanical tool.[3]

In The Avengers #75 (April 1970), the Scarlet Witch is reintroduced to the team and soon becomes a love interest for the Vision. Thomas recounted, "I felt that a romance of some sort would help the character development in The Avengers, and the Vision was a prime candidate because he appeared only in that mag... as did Wanda, for that matter. So they became a pair, for just such practical considerations. It would also, I felt, add to the development I was doing on the Vision's attempting to become ‘human.’"[1] Thomas also came up with the idea of the Vision having been created from the body of the Human Torch, but only planted a vague clue to this (in The Avengers #93) before leaving the series. It was finally followed up in The Avengers #134–135. Writer Steve Englehart explained, "That plot was well known in-house for years, and since Roy [Thomas] and Neal [Adams] hadn't had a chance to do it, I did it on my watch with Roy’s blessing."[4]

The Vision and Scarlet Witch were married in Giant-Size Avengers #4 (June 1975). The couple starred in the limited series Vision and the Scarlet Witch #1–4 (Nov. 1982 – Feb. 1983), by writer Bill Mantlo and penciller Rick Leonardi. This was followed by a second volume numbered #1–12 (Oct. 1985 – Sept. 1986), written by Steve Englehart and penciled by Richard Howell, in which the Scarlet Witch gives birth to twin boys conceived with the Vision through magical means.

The "Vision Quest" story in West Coast Avengers #42–45 (March – June 1989) by writer/penciller John Byrne took the character away from his earlier depictions as a "synthetic human" and emphasized his android nature. The story had the Vision's memory and human brain patterns wiped out, severed his relationship with his wife, revealed their children to be essentially imaginary constructs, and included a two-page spread showing a dismantled Vision. Journalist Karen Walker later commented, "This image alone has probably done more to shape how future writers (and readers) perceive the character than anything before or since. Once seen broken down into component parts, it’s hard to truly move past that image and think of the Vision as a synthetic man, not a machine."[1]

The Vision appeared in a solo limited series, Vision, #1–4 (Nov. 1994 – Feb. 1995), by writer Bob Harras and penciller Manny Clark. Nearly a decade after that came a second four-issue volume (Oct. 2002 – Jan. 2003), written by Geoff Johns and penciled by Ivan Reis.

The series Young Avengers, which ran 12 issues from April 2005 to August 2006, introduced a new Vision, who is a combination of the synthezoid Vision's program files and the armor and mental engrams of the hero Iron Lad.

Vision appeared as a regular character in the 2010–2013 Avengers series, from issue #19 (January 2012) through its final issue #34 (January 2013).

The Vision again appeared in a solo series, Vision, with #1 that started in November 2015 and ended with #12 in October 2016.

Fictional character biography

Golden Age Vision/"Aarkus"

During the 1940s, Marvel predecessor Timely Comics published stories featuring an unrelated superhero called the Vision, who was an alien from an alternate dimension.

Silver Age Vision/"Victor Shade"

Debut of the Silver Age Vision: The Avengers #57 (Oct. 1968). Cover pencils by John Buscema.[5]

The robot Ultron is the creator of the Vision, a type of android he calls a "synthezoid", for use against Ultron's own creator, Dr. Hank Pym (Ant-Man/Giant Man/Goliath/Yellowjacket) and Pym's wife, Janet van Dyne (the Wasp) of the superhero team the Avengers. Ultron sends his new servant to lead the Avengers into a trap. The Wasp is the first to encounter the synthezoid, and describes it as a "vision" while trying to escape. Adopting the name, the Vision is convinced by the Avengers to turn against Ultron.[6] After learning how Ultron created him, using the brain patterns of then-deceased Simon Williams (Wonder Man), the Vision becomes a member of the team.[7] The team initially believes the Vision's body was created from that of the android original Human Torch.[8] The Avengers later are told that the time lord Immortus used the power of the Forever Crystal to split the original Human Torch into two entities – one body remained the original Torch while Ultron rebuilt the other as the Vision. This was part of his plan to nurture a relationship for the Scarlet Witch that would prevent her from having any children, as her power level meant that any offspring she might have could threaten the cosmic beings of the Marvel Universe.[9]

Not long after joining the team, the Vision is temporarily controlled by Ultron, and rebuilds Ultron of adamantium, battling the Avengers before regaining control of himself.[10] Shortly after that, the Vision first meets Wanda Maximoff, the mutant Scarlet Witch,[11] with whom he later becomes romantically involved.[12] The two eventually marry and, via the Scarlet Witch's hex powers, they have twin boys named Thomas and William.[13]

When the Vision attempts to penetrate an energy field erected by the villain Annihilus, he "shuts down",[14] and even after regaining consciousness weeks later,[15] remains paralyzed and assumes a holographic form. He eventually regains control of his body and becomes team leader.[16] Having become unbalanced by these events, he attempts to take control of the world's computers.[17] With the aid of the Avengers, the Vision is restored to his normal self, but now closely monitored by a coalition of governments.[18]

In the "Vision Quest" storyline, rogue agents of the United States government, manipulated by the time traveler Immortus, abduct the Vision and dismantle him. The Avengers recover the parts, and Dr. Pym rebuilds the Vision, but with a chalk-white complexion. However, the revived Simon Williams does not allow his brain patterns to be used again to provide a matrix for Vision's emotions, explaining that the original process, done without his consent, had "ripped out his soul". This, along with damage to the Vision's synthetic skin when he was dismantled, results in the synthezoid's resurrection as a colorless and emotionless artificial human.[19]

The original Human Torch also returns from his own apparent demise, casting doubt on the Vision's identity. The Vision and the Scarlet Witch's children are then revealed to be fragments of the soul of the demon Mephisto, who had been broken apart by Franklin Richards shortly before the birth of the twins. The twins are absorbed back into Mephisto, which temporarily drives Wanda insane. Although she recovers, Wanda and the Vision separate, each operating on a different Avengers team.[20]

The Vision gradually regains his emotions, by adopting new brain patterns from deceased scientist Alex Lipton, and gains a new body that resembles his original. In addition, Simon Williams' brain patterns gradually reemerge and meld with Lipton's patterns, restoring the Vision's full capacity for emotion.[21]

Shortly after a reformation of the Avengers, the Vision sustains massive damage in the final battle with the sorceress Morgan Le Fey,[22] and although incapacitated for several weeks, is eventually rebuilt and recovers.[23] While recovering, the Vision gives up his attempt to reconcile with his wife, although he is revealed to retain a fondness for her culture, such as visiting a restaurant that specifically caters to Wanda's childhood community simply because he enjoys the ambience. Remaining a member of the Avengers, he briefly becomes romantically involved with teammates Carol Danvers (a.k.a. Warbird/Ms. Marvel) and Mantis before attempting again to reconcile with the Scarlet Witch. Grief over the loss of the twins, however, drives Wanda insane again, and she attempts to alter reality to recreate them. This causes a series of catastrophic events that includes the Vision crashing an Avengers Quinjet into Avengers Mansion. The Vision advises his teammates that he is no longer in control of his body, and then expels several spheres that form into five Ultrons. The Avengers destroy them, and an enraged She-Hulk tears apart the remains of the Vision, having been driven to a breaking point by the rapid slew of attacks against the Avengers. The Avengers later believed that Ultron may have put a command in the Vision that would have been activated by the Avengers' Code White alert during one of the many periods in which Vision was held prisoner by Ultron, though this was never confirmed.[24] The Vision's operating system and program files are later used in the creation of Iron Lad's armor. In Mighty Avengers the original Vision is briefly separated from Iron Lad by the power of the Cosmic Cube.[25]

During the "Chaos War" storyline, the Vision is one of many deceased heroes restored to life after the events in the death realms.[26] Vision joins with the other resurrected Avengers in their fight against Grim Reaper and Nekra.[27] During the fight, Vision blows himself up while in battle with Grim Reaper, killing them both.[28]

Following the "Fear Itself" storyline, Tony Stark is able to rebuild Vision who once again joins the Avengers.[29] After being informed about what happened after his destruction, the Vision sees She-Hulk, telling her he does not blame her for what happened. He then goes to Utopia to confront Magneto, threatening Magneto to tell him where Wanda is. Magneto uses his powers to subdue the Vision but spares him, saying he believes Wanda still cares for the Vision and that Magneto does not want to hurt her more. Captain America talks to the Vision afterward, telling him he needs to move forward.[30]

During a subsequent confrontation with the returned Wanda at the start of the "Avengers vs. X-Men" storyline, Vision claims that her use of his body to attack his friends is something that he cannot forgive and, while he banishes her from the mansion, he also sheds tears after her departure.[31]

During the Marvel NOW! relaunch, Vision leaves the Avengers in order to find himself following a battle with Sunturion. After departing the team, he is shown visiting Billy Kaplan, the teenage reincarnation of one of his sons.[32]

Following the "Age of Ultron" storyline, Vision joins Hank Pym's Avengers A.I. alongside Monica Chang, Victor Mancha, and a reprogrammed Doombot.[33]

In the miniseries Ultron Forever, the Vision and Black Widow of the present are drawn into the future by what appears to be Doctor Doom to assist a team of Avengers from various points in the team's history – including an early Hulk, James Rhodes as Iron Man, Thor when he was afflicted by the curse of Hela, the female Thor of the present, and Danielle Cage from a future where she wields Captain America's shield – to assist Doom in defeating Ultron's conquest of the world. Although Doom's true plan is revealed to be a desire to take Ultron's place, the Vision reveals that this Doom is actually the Doombot who worked with him in the Avengers A.I., convincing him to abandon his plan by noting that simply following Doom's example ignores the more positive aspects of Doom's history as the man who refused to let anyone else dictate his terms.

In the All-New, All-Different Marvel Universe following the Battleworld crisis, the Vision is a member of a new team of Avengers,[34] although his emotional data has been lost once again after a series of hallucinations forced him to delete the emotional data when he was unable to save the sole survivor of a crashed bus.[35] However, after he provides fake evidence to force new heroes Nova and Ms. Marvel to leave the team, it is revealed that he is apparently working for Kang the Conqueror as Kang mounts his latest assault on the team,[36] having been contaminated when Kang interfered with his recent reprogramming. However, the Vision is released from Kang's control when Iron Man manages to purge his software, allowing him to turn on Kang and help the Avengers defeat him, although he departs to consider how easily he fell under Kang's control in the aftermath.[37]

Modern Age Vision/"Jonas"

The Vision, as he appears as a member of the Young Avengers. Art by Jim Cheung.

The second incarnation of the Vision is a fusion of the old Vision's operating systems and the armor of adventurer Iron Lad, a teenage version of Kang the Conqueror who arrives in the present. Through this merger, Iron Lad is able to access plans the Vision had created in the event of the Avengers' defeat. He uses these plans to assemble a new team of "Young Avengers". When Iron Lad is forced to remove his armor to stop Kang the Conqueror from tracking him, the Vision's operating system causes the armor to become a sentient being.

When Iron Lad leaves the time period, he leaves the armor behind with the Vision's operating system activated. The exact details of the new Vision's personality and mental make-up varies from writer to writer. Some writers like Brian Michael Bendis (during the "Collective" storyline) and Ed Brubaker (during "Captain America Reborn") write him as if he was the original Vision in a new body, while other writers such as Allan Heinberg and Dan Slott write him as an entirely new character.

The new Vision opts to stay with the Young Avengers and serve as a mentor for them, though it is later revealed that (due to Heinberg's portrayal of him as having Iron Lad's brainwave pattern be the basis for his personality) he is with the group due to his growing feelings of affection towards Cassie Lang, the super-heroine known as Stature (daughter of Scott Lang).[38] After the events of the "Civil War" storyline, the Vision travels the world posing as different people in order to gain a better understanding of who he is. He then finds Cassie and declares his love, and states he has adopted the name "Jonas".[39] During a later battle between the alien Skrulls and the Avengers, the Vision is shot through the head.[40] He survives and joins with Nick Fury and S.H.I.E.L.D. alongside the other Young Avengers.[41]

He joins the new lineup of the Mighty Avengers, along with Stature.[42] They opt to keep their dual memberships in the Avengers and the Young Avengers a secret, in order to hunt for the Scarlet Witch (really Loki in disguise), who arranged for the roster to form. They ultimately tell their teammates this when Loki reveals his impersonation of Wanda and confront him. When the group ultimately disbands following the events of the "Siege", both rejoin the Young Avengers full-time.

In Avengers: Children's Crusade, Cassie is killed by Doctor Doom, and Iron Lad decides to take her body into the future to be revived. "Jonas" protests, reasoning that such an action is more in line with Kang's manipulation of time than what Cassie would want, and Iron Lad murders him in a fit of jealous anger. Although his teammates contemplate rebuilding him, they decide against it, both because they lack the 30th-century technology to do so and because, even with their access to his back-ups, the lack of a back-up immediately prior to his death would mean that they would have to tell him about Cassie's death all over again. Kate, Cassie's best friend, prefers to believe that he and Cassie are somehow together wherever they are now.[43]

Powers and abilities

The Vision is described as being "...every inch a human being—except that all of his bodily organs are constructed of synthetic materials."[44] The Solar Jewel on the Vision's forehead absorbs ambient solar energy to provide the needed power for him to function, and he is also capable of discharging this energy as optic beams; with this, he can fire beams of infrared and microwave radiation. In extreme cases he can discharge this same power through the Solar Jewel itself which amplifies its destructive effects considerably, albeit at the cost of losing most of his resources. By interfacing with an unknown dimension to which he can shunt and from which he can accrue mass, thus becoming either intangible or extraordinarily massive, the Vision can change his density, which at its lowest allows flight and a ghostly, phasing intangibility, and at its heaviest, a density ten times greater than that of depleted uranium,[45] which gives him superhuman strength, immovability, and a diamond-hard near invulnerability. On one occasion, the Vision uses this extreme density to render unconscious the villain Count Nefaria;[46] at other times, he thrusts an intangible hand into them and then partially re-materializes it, a process he describes as "physical disruption." This effect typically causes great pain and results in incapacitation, as when used against the Earth-712 version of the hero Hyperion.[47] Being an artificial life-form/android of sorts, the Vision has superhuman senses, superhuman stamina, reflexes, speed, agility, strength (even without being at high density), superhuman analytical capabilities, and the ability to process information and make calculations with superhuman speed and accuracy. The Vision was trained in hand-to-hand combat by Captain America, is an expert in the combat use of his superhuman powers, and is a highly skilled tactician and strategist. The Vision is an expert on his own construction and repair.

After the Age of Ultron, Vision joins the Avengers A.I. team where his "evolve" protocols were activated and now his body is formed from millions of nanobots.

The Vision of the Young Avengers is able to use Iron Lad's neuro-kinetic armor to recreate the former Vision's abilities, including strength, density manipulation, and flight. The yellow solar cell on the Vision's forehead can also emit a beam of infrared and microwave radiation. The Vision is also capable of energy and holographic manipulation, shapeshifting and time travel.

Other versions


During the Gatherers arc in the Avengers' books the villain Proctor who was from an alternate timeline came to Earth-616 with a version of Vision from yet another timeline. Proctor would wind up switching the bodies of both Visions and have his version infiltrate the Avengers as his mole.[48] The original Vision would eventually be freed and he would eventually take the Anti-Vision into custody when he came back to collect his original body.[49] It should be noted that Anti-Vision switched to a Vision that would wind up crippled and after the switch his body was white.[49]


A version of the Vision called "Mainframe" features in the title Guardians of the Galaxy. Mainframe is the chief operating system of an entire planet, and the guardian of the shield of hero Captain America.[50] He soon joins the Guardians of the Galaxy sub-group, the Galactic Guardians.[51]

Earth X

A version of the modern Vision appeared in Earth X. Vision and the Avengers were fighting the Absorbing Man who had absorbed the intelligence of Ultron, giving him enhanced intelligence and better control over his powers. Vision watched as his teammates and wife the Scarlet Witch were slaughtered before his eyes. In response, the Vision downloaded a computer virus into the Absorbing Man. When the Absorbing Man tried to purge the virus by shrinking and changing into stone, the Vision smashed him into pieces. In order to prevent the Absorbing Man from being reborn, the Vision had the parts of Creel distributed among various loners and reclusive super-heroes. When Tony Stark created a group of Iron Avengers, robots based on Stark technology and modeled after the deceased Avengers, the Vision was tapped as the group's leader. He would lead the Iron Avengers and defend them from such threats as the parasitic Hydra, Asgardian Frost Giants, and the Skull's invading army.[52]


A bloodthirsty and arrogant version of Vision was a member of the Exiles' counterpart Weapon X.[53] This Vision was very single minded in completing their murderous missions. He had a habit of pointing out to his teammates that he would survive many attacks that could kill them. He was able to single handedly hold off the entire Exiles himself before being incapacitated and damaged by advanced Nimrod Sentinels on a parallel Earth dominated by the mutant hunting robots. Despite the damage inflicted by the Sentinels he continued to serve on several more Weapon X missions. Ultimately Vision was blasted into pieces by King Hyperion when he refused to join Hyperion in his plan to conquer one of the many parallel earths.[54] Although briefly left alive in pieces Vision was finally killed when a huge asteroid, launched by that world's Magneto, struck the Earth and destroyed both the planet and Vision.


An older version of the modern Vision features in the title Spider-Girl in the MC2 universe. The character is an adviser to the President of the United States and joins the young heroes in A-Next, a future version of the Avengers.[55]


The Vision appears as a member of the Avengers, and it is he who develops the plan to defeat the DC Comics villain Starro, by using the Scarlet Witch's chaos magic. He takes parts in the Avengers' quest to gather 12 artifacts of power before the Justice League and save their universe.[56] In Happy Harbor he and Thor are distracted by Red Tornado while Firestorm gets the Bell, Wheel, and Jar of the Demons Three. The game ends when The Grandmaster and Krona arrive. Krona turns on the Grandmaster, but the Grandmaster uses the artifacts to merge the universes in an attempt to trap Krona.[57] In this world, the Vision and Scarlet Witch are still married, and are shown to be friends with fellow cyborg hero Red Tornado, from whom they get the idea of adopting. When Captain America and Superman attack each other, the facade of a merged world breaks, and Vision is the first hero shown in the devastated world, in a snowy Metropolis. He teams up with Aquaman to investigate the situation. After being defeated by a group of villains and rescued by a group of heroes, Vision joins the two teams against Krona, even though he is shown an image of the true Marvel universe, in which he is destroyed and rebuilt, and his two sons are taken away.[58] During the battle he is badly damaged. When he sees Superman being attacked by Radioactive Man and Solarr, Vision uses his last stores of solar energy to revive Superman, then dies. As the universes separate once again, Thor says he can be repaired, and his remains are shown being taken away by the Avengers.[59]

Ultimate Marvel

The character debuts in the limited series Ultimate Nightmare, published under the Ultimate Marvel imprint. This version appears to be female. Alternate universe teams the Ultimates and Ultimate X-Men discover a damaged, sentient robot, who claims that the closest English translation of its name is "Vision". The robot warns of the coming of an invader from space called Gah Lak Tus, Eater of Worlds.[60] Ultimate Vision is featured in a self-titled limited series, involving a confrontation with the organization led by George Tarleton, A.I.M, along with her reflections of her history with S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Dr. Sam Wilson. Later, Hank Pym builds a robot based on Vision called "Vision 2", who along with another called "Ultron", tries unsuccessfully to sell them to Nick Fury as S.H.I.E.L.D. super-soldier replacements. They are later used by Pym to attack the Liberators.[61][62]

A third, unrelated Vision later debuts in Ultimate Comics: Ultimates as part of the "West Coast Ultimates". The new Vision is revealed to be Robert Mitchell, a young African American prodigy who was arrested by S.H.I.E.L.D. after trying to build an antimatter generator. Robert was recruited and given superpowers by Nick Fury before being put in stasis alongside Tigra, Quake, Black Knight, and Wonder Man.[63]

The Last Avengers Story

The limited series The Last Avengers Story is set in an alternate future, where the Vision has two sons by the Scarlet Witch, who died in an accidental skirmish between the android and her brother Quicksilver. This version of the Vision joins the surviving Avengers in a battle to the death against villains Kang and Ultron.[64]

Marvel Zombies

In the limited series Marvel Zombies vs. The Army Of Darkness, the Vision is seen as one of the Avengers that are being aggressive around Ash. Also in the limited series Marvel Zombies 3, the Vision has been partially dismantled and is being used as a communication tool by the zombie Kingpin. The character is still hopelessly in love with the zombified Scarlet Witch.[65]

Marvel Mangaverse

In the Marvel Mangaverse, the Vision is a member of the Avengers roster. His personality and powers are similar to his 616 persona, however, his appearance is drastically different, appearing shorter and more robotic. In the second volume, he, along with fellow Avengers Hawkeye and Captain America, are killed by the Mangaverse version of Doctor Doom.

House of M

During the House of M storyline, the Vision was a theoretical design for a new model of Sentinel robot from Howard Stark. Rushed into mass production, no-one checks the coding, which includes an override circuit which allowed him to use them as a private army. In the end they were all swiftly destroyed.[66]

X-Men Forever

In the X-Men Forever timeline,[67] using his Victor Shade alias, was an attendee at the funerals for Wolverine and Beast. When the Avengers believed the X-Men to be involved in the deaths of Beast and Tony Stark, they assaulted the X-Men at the X-Mansion, where Vision was quickly taken out of the fight by Shadowcat's phasing ability. Recovering in time for the X-Mansion to explode, he analyzed the remains, saying nothing could have survived the blast and that radiation levels were increasing.[67]

Age of Ultron

In the alternative timeline in the 2013 "Age of Ultron" storyline in which Ultron has conquered the Earth, Vision serves as Ultron's emissary and barters with Luke Cage to turn over She-Hulk in exchange for Cage's freedom.[68]

Marvel 2099

In the Marvel 2099 era, Vision is a young woman with precognitive abilities. She secretly uses her powers to find threats for Iron Man 2099, a member of Alchemax's Avengers.[69]

In other media



Video games


Collected editions

Title Material collected Year
Avengers West Coast: Vision Quest Avengers West Coast #42-50 May 2015
Avengers: Vision and the Scarlet Witch Giant-Size Avengers (1974) #4, Vision and Scarlet Witch (1982) #1-4 May 2015
The Vision: Yesterday and Tomorrow Avengers Icons: The Vision #1-4, Avengers #57 May 2015
The Vision Vol 1: Little Worse Than A Man The Vision #1-6 July 2016


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External links

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