UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying
|Dates||7 September 2014 – 17 November 2015|
|Teams||53 (from 1 confederation)|
|Goals scored||694 (2.61 per match)|
|Top scorer(s)||Robert Lewandowski (13 goals)|
|UEFA European Qualifiers|
The UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying tournament was a football competition that was played from September 2014 to November 2015 to determine the 23 UEFA member men's national teams joining the automatically qualified hosts France in the UEFA Euro 2016 final tournament.
A total of 53 national teams participated in this qualifying process, with Gibraltar taking part for the first time. The draw took place at the Palais des Congrès Acropolis, Nice, on 23 February 2014. Sides were seeded according to the UEFA national team coefficient rankings, which were announced along with the draw procedure and final tournament match schedule after the 23–24 January Executive Committee meeting in Nyon.
|Team||Qualified as||Qualified on||Previous appearances in tournament|
|France||Host||28 May 2010||8 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|England||Group E winner||5 September 2015||81968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012)(|
|Czech Republic||Group A winner||6 September 2015||81960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)(|
|Iceland||Group A runner-up||6 September 2015||0 (debut)|
|Austria||Group G winner||8 September 2015||1 (2008)|
|Northern Ireland||Group F winner||8 October 2015||0 (debut)|
|Portugal||Group I winner||8 October 2015||6 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Spain||Group C winner||9 October 2015||9 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Switzerland||Group E runner-up||9 October 2015||3 (1996, 2004, 2008)|
|Italy||Group H winner||10 October 2015||8 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Belgium||Group B winner||10 October 2015||4 (1972, 1980, 1984, 2000)|
|Wales||Group B runner-up||10 October 2015||0 (debut)|
|Romania||Group F runner-up||11 October 2015||4 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2008)|
|Albania||Group I runner-up||11 October 2015||0 (debut)|
|Germany||Group D winner||11 October 2015||11 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Poland||Group D runner-up||11 October 2015||2 (2008, 2012)|
|Russia||Group G runner-up||12 October 2015||10 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Slovakia||Group C runner-up||12 October 2015||0 (debut)|
|Croatia||Group H runner-up||13 October 2015||4 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Turkey||Best third-placed team||13 October 2015||3 (1996, 2000, 2008)|
|Hungary||Play-off winner||15 November 2015||2 (1964, 1972)|
|Republic of Ireland||Play-off winner||16 November 2015||2 (1988, 2012)|
|Sweden||Play-off winner||17 November 2015||5 (1992, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Ukraine||Play-off winner||17 November 2015||1 (2012)|
- Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
- From 1960 to 1992, the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.
- From 1960 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
- From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union, and in 1992 as the Commonwealth of Independent States.
All UEFA member associations are eligible to compete in the qualifying competition, with the hosts (France) qualifying directly to the finals tournament. The other 53 teams are drawn into eight groups of six teams (Groups A–H) and one group of five teams (Group I). The group winners, runners-up, and the best third-placed team (with the results against the sixth-placed team discarded) directly qualify to the finals. The eight remaining third-placed teams contest two-legged play-offs to determine the last four qualifiers for the finals.
For the qualifying group stage, the teams were seeded into six pots (Pots 1–5 with 9 teams and Pot 6 with 8 teams) for the qualifying group stage draw according to the UEFA national team coefficient rankings, with the title holders (Spain) automatically seeded into Pot 1. Each nation's coefficient is generated by calculating:
- 40% of the average ranking points per game earned in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage.
- 40% of the average ranking points per game earned in the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying stage and final tournament.
- 20% of the average ranking points per game earned in the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage and final tournament.
UEFA stated that nations with the largest markets in terms of contribution to the European Qualifiers revenue would be drawn into one of the groups containing six teams. They include England, Spain, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands. UEFA has also stated in their regulations that "the teams drawn into the group of five teams will have France added to their group for the purpose of playing centralised friendlies".
For the play-offs the four ties are determined by draw, including the order of the two legs of each tie. The teams are seeded for the play-off draw according to the UEFA national team coefficient rankings updated after the completion of the group stage. Each nation's coefficient is generated by calculating:
- 40% of the average ranking points per game earned in the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying group stage.
- 40% of the average ranking points per game earned in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage and final tournament.
- 20% of the average ranking points per game earned in the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying stage and final tournament.
- Higher number of points obtained in the matches played among the teams in question;
- Superior goal difference in matches played among the teams in question;
- Higher number of goals scored in the matches played among the teams in question;
- Higher number of goals scored away from home in the matches played among the teams in question;
- If, after having applied criteria 1 to 4, teams still have an equal ranking, criteria 1 to 4 are reapplied exclusively to the matches between the teams in question to determine their final rankings. If this procedure does not lead to a decision, criteria 6 to 10 apply;
- Superior goal difference in all group matches;
- Higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
- Higher number of away goals scored in all group matches;
- Fair play conduct in all group matches (1 point for a single yellow card, 3 points for a red card as a consequence of two yellow cards, 3 points for a direct red card, 4 points for a yellow card followed by a direct red card);
- Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system;
To determine the best third-placed team, the results against the teams in sixth place are discarded. The following criteria are applied:
- Higher number of points obtained;
- Superior goal difference;
- Higher number of goals scored;
- Higher number of away goals scored;
- Fair play conduct in all group matches;
- Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system;
For each play-off tie, the team that scores more goals on aggregate over the two legs qualifies for the final tournament. If the aggregate score is level, the away goals rule is applied, i.e., the team that scores more goals away from home over the two legs advances. If away goals are also equal, then thirty minutes of extra time is played, divided into two fifteen-minutes halves. The away goals rule is again applied after extra time, i.e., if there are goals scored during extra time and the aggregate score is still level, the visiting team advances by virtue of more away goals scored. If no goals are scored during extra time, the tie is decided by penalty shoot-out.
- When there are two or more teams tied in points, criteria 1 to 4 are applied. After these criteria are applied, they may define the position of some of the teams involved, but not all of them. For example, if there is a three-way tie on points, the application of the first four criteria may only break the tie for one of the teams, leaving the other two teams still tied. In this case, the tiebreaking procedure is resumed, from the beginning, for those teams that are still tied.
This is the first qualifying tournament after UEFA announced centralised rights deals for both UEFA Euro and FIFA World Cup qualifying. UEFA has proposed the "Week of Football" concept for the scheduling of qualifying matches:
- Matches take place from Thursday to Tuesday.
- Kick-off times are largely set at 18:00 and 20:45 CET on Saturdays and Sundays, and 20:45 CET on Thursdays, Fridays, Mondays and Tuesdays.
- On double-header matchweeks, teams play on Thursday and Sunday, or Friday and Monday, or Saturday and Tuesday.
- Matches in the same group are played on the same day.
|Qualifying group stage||Matchday 1||7–9 September 2014|
|Matchday 2||9–11 October 2014|
|Matchday 3||12–14 October 2014|
|Matchday 4||14–16 November 2014|
|Matchday 5||27–29 March 2015|
|Matchday 6||12–14 June 2015|
|Matchday 7||3–5 September 2015|
|Matchday 8||6–8 September 2015|
|Matchday 9||8–10 October 2015|
|Matchday 10||11–13 October 2015|
|Play-offs||1st leg||12–14 November 2015|
|2nd leg||15–17 November 2015|
Unlike previous qualifying campaigns where group fixtures were determined by negotiation between the national federations, UEFA themselves decided each group's fixture list, released the same day as the draw.
Qualifying group stage
- Groups A–H each contain one team from each of Pots 1–6, while Group I contains one team from each of Pots 1–5.
- For television rights reasons, England, Germany, Italy, Spain and the Netherlands were drawn into groups of 6 teams.
- For political reasons, Azerbaijan and Armenia (due to the disputed status of Nagorno-Karabakh), as well as Spain and Gibraltar (due to the disputed status of Gibraltar) could not be drawn in the same group. Unlike the previous UEFA qualifying tournament, Russia and Georgia had agreed to play each other if they were drawn together.
- France (Coeff: 30,992; Rank: 11) are partnered with the five-team Group I, which enables the 2016 tournament hosts to play friendlies against these countries on their 'spare' dates. These friendlies do not count in the qualifying group standings.
|Group winners, runners-up, and the best third-placed team among all groups directly qualify for the finals|
|Remaining eight third-placed teams advance to the play-offs|
|1||Czech Republic||10||7||1||2||19||14||+5||22||Qualify for final tournament||—||2–1||0–2||2–1||2–1||1–1|
|1||Belgium||10||7||2||1||24||5||+19||23||Qualify for final tournament||—||0–0||3–1||3–1||5–0||6–0|
|3||Bosnia and Herzegovina||10||5||2||3||17||12||+5||17||Advance to play-offs||1–1||2–0||—||3–1||1–2||3–0|
|1||Spain||10||9||0||1||23||3||+20||27||Qualify for final tournament||—||2–0||1–0||3–0||4–0||5–1|
|3||Ukraine||10||6||1||3||14||4||+10||19||Advance to play-offs||0–1||0–1||—||3–1||3–0||1–0|
|1||Germany||10||7||1||2||24||9||+15||22||Qualify for final tournament||—||3–1||1–1||2–1||2–1||4–0|
|3||Republic of Ireland||10||5||3||2||19||7||+12||18||Advance to play-offs||1–0||1–1||—||1–1||1–0||7–0|
|1||England||10||10||0||0||31||3||+28||30||Qualify for final tournament||—||2–0||3–1||2–0||4–0||5–0|
|3||Slovenia||10||5||1||4||18||11||+7||16||Advance to play-offs||2–3||1–0||—||1–0||1–1||6–0|
|1||Northern Ireland||10||6||3||1||16||8||+8||21||Qualify for final tournament||—||0–0||1–1||2–1||2–0||3–1|
|3||Hungary||10||4||4||2||11||9||+2||16||Advance to play-offs||1–2||0–0||—||1–0||2–1||0–0|
|1||Austria||10||9||1||0||22||5||+17||28||Qualify for final tournament||—||1–0||1–1||1–0||3–0||1–0|
|3||Sweden||10||5||3||2||15||9||+6||18||Advance to play-offs||1–4||1–1||—||3–1||2–0||2–0|
- Montenegro home match against Russia was awarded as a 3–0 win to Russia after match was abandoned after 67 minutes due to crowd violence and scuffle between players (caused by Dmitri Kombarov being hit by an object thrown from the Montenegrin sector). The original score was 0–0 and Russia missed a penalty moments before the match was abandoned. This was the second delay of the match as in the first minute, Russian goalkeeper Igor Akinfeev was hit by a flare, causing a 33-minute delay. Both teams were then charged by UEFA.
|1||Italy||10||7||3||0||16||7||+9||24||Qualify for final tournament||—||1–1||2–1||1–0||2–1||1–0|
|3||Norway||10||6||1||3||13||10||+3||19||Advance to play-offs||0–2||2–0||—||2–1||0–0||2–0|
- Croatia were deducted one point after charges for racist behaviour in the match against Italy at Stadion Poljud. In addition, the Croatian Football Federation were ordered to play their next two home matches of UEFA competition behind closed doors and not to play any of its remaining qualifying games at Poljud. A fine of €100,000 was also imposed. The Croatian Football Federation appealed against the decision and a hearing was scheduled for 17 September 2015. Croatia's appeal was rejected.
|1||Portugal||8||7||0||1||11||5||+6||21||Qualify for final tournament||—||0–1||1–0||2–1||1–0|
|3||Denmark||8||3||3||2||8||5||+3||12||Advance to play-offs||0–1||0–0||—||2–0||2–1|
- Serbia's abandoned home match against Albania was awarded as a 3–0 win to Albania after decision from the Court of Arbitration for Sport, and Serbia was also deducted three points because home fans invaded the pitch and attacked Albania players when a drone carried a pro-Albanian flag over the stadium. The match was originally awarded as a 3–0 win to Serbia, who also received a three point deduction, after a disciplinary decision from UEFA. The decision was appealed by both Serbia and Albania, but was upheld by UEFA. Both associations then filed further appeals to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, and on 10 July 2015 the Court of Arbitration for Sport rejected the appeal filed by the Serbian FA, and partially upheld the appeal filed by the Albanian FA, meaning the match is deemed to have been forfeited by Serbia 3–0 and they are still deducted three points.
Ranking of third-placed teams
The highest ranked third-placed team from the groups directly qualified for the tournament, while the remainder entered the play-offs. As Group I contained five teams and the rest contained six, matches against any sixth-placed team in each group were not included in this ranking. As a result, a total of eight matches played by each team count toward the purpose of the third-placed ranking table.
|1||A||Turkey||8||5||1||2||12||7||+5||16||Qualify for final tournament|
|2||F||Hungary||8||4||3||1||8||5||+3||15||Advance to play-offs|
|7||D||Republic of Ireland||8||3||3||2||8||7||+1||12|
|8||B||Bosnia and Herzegovina||8||3||2||3||11||12||−1||11|
Rules for classification: 1) Points from matches against teams ranked first to fifth in the group; 2) Superior goal difference from these matches; 3) Higher number of goals scored in these matches; 4) Higher number of away goals scored in these matches; 5) Fair play ranking in these matches; 6) Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system; 7) Drawing of lots.
The eight remaining third-placed teams contested two-legged play-offs to determine the last four qualifiers for the finals. The teams were seeded for the play-off draw according to the UEFA national team coefficient rankings updated after the completion of the qualifying group stage. The draw for the play-offs was held on 18 October 2015, 11:20 CEST, at the UEFA headquarters in Nyon.
The first legs were played on 12–14 November, and the second legs were played on 15–17 November 2015. The four play-off winners qualified for the final tournament.
|Team 1||Agg.||Team 2||1st leg||2nd leg|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||1–3||Republic of Ireland||1–1||0–2|
- Ildefons Lima
- Marko Arnautović
- Martin Harnik
- Dimitrij Nazarov
- Dries Mertens
- Demetris Christofi
- Georgios Efrem
- Harry Kane
- Theo Walcott
- Joel Pohjanpalo
- Tornike Okriashvili
- Mario Götze
- Max Kruse
- André Schürrle
- Kolbeinn Sigþórsson
- Tomer Hemed
- Graziano Pellè
- Yuriy Logvinenko
- Valērijs Šabala
- Robin van Persie
- Gareth McAuley
- Alexander Tettey
- Shane Long
- Aleksandr Kokorin
- Steven Naismith
- Zoran Tošić
- Adam Nemec
- Boštjan Cesar
- David Silva
- Erkan Zengin
- Josip Drmić
- Haris Seferović
- Selçuk İnan
- Artem Kravets
- Zlatko Junuzović
- Rubin Okotie
- Rahid Amirguliyev
- Stanislaw Drahun
- Mikhail Gordeichuk
- Timofei Kalachev
- Sergei Kornilenko
- Radja Nainggolan
- Milan Đurić
- Vedad Ibišević
- Haris Medunjanin
- Edin Višća
- Iliyan Mitsanski
- Ivelin Popov
- Marcelo Brozović
- Andrej Kramarić
- Luka Modrić
- Pavel Kadeřábek
- Václav Pilař
- Milan Škoda
- Nicklas Bendtner
- Yussuf Poulsen
- Ross Barkley
- Raheem Sterling
- Jack Wilshere
- Sergei Zenjov
- Jóan Símun Edmundsson
- Riku Riski
- Jaba Kankava
- Valeri Kazaishvili
- Mate Vatsadze
- İlkay Gündoğan
- Dániel Böde
- Krisztián Németh
- Tamás Priskin
- Birkir Bjarnason
- Aron Gunnarsson
- Tal Ben Haim II
- Nir Bitton
- Eran Zahavi
- Antonio Candreva
- Giorgio Chiellini
- Islambek Kuat
- Fiodor Černych
- Arvydas Novikovas
- Lars Krogh Gerson
- Aleksandar Trajkovski
- Fatos Bećiraj
- Stevan Jovetić
- Mirko Vučinić
- Arjen Robben
- Georginio Wijnaldum
- Steven Davis
- Joshua King
- Grzegorz Krychowiak
- Sebastian Mila
- João Moutinho
- James McClean
- Aiden McGeady
- Constantin Budescu
- Paul Papp
- Bogdan Stancu
- Adem Ljajić
- Juraj Kucka
- Róbert Mak
- Nejc Pečnik
- Sergio Busquets
- Santi Cazorla
- Marcus Berg
- Fabian Schär
- Arda Turan
- Yevhen Konoplyanka
- Yevhen Seleznyov
- Serhiy Sydorchuk
- Aaron Ramsey
- Bekim Balaj
- Berat Djimsiti
- Shkëlzen Gashi
- Ermir Lenjani
- Mërgim Mavraj
- Armando Sadiku
- Robert Arzumanyan
- Henrikh Mkhitaryan
- Hrayr Mkoyan
- Marcos Pizzelli
- Marcel Sabitzer
- Javid Huseynov
- Michy Batshuayi
- Christian Benteke
- Nacer Chadli
- Laurent Depoitre
- Divock Origi
- Ermin Bičakčić
- Senad Lulić
- Mihail Aleksandrov
- Nikolay Bodurov
- Andrey Galabinov
- Ventsislav Hristov
- Dimitar Rangelov
- Nikola Kalinić
- Mario Mandžukić
- Ivica Olić
- Danijel Pranjić
- Ivan Rakitić
- Gordon Schildenfeld
- Constantinos Charalambidis
- Jason Demetriou
- Dossa Júnior
- Vincent Laban
- Constantinos Makrides
- Giorgos Merkis
- Vladimír Darida
- Ladislav Krejčí
- David Lafata
- David Limberský
- Tomáš Necid
- Tomáš Sivok
- Josef Šural
- Pierre-Emile Højbjerg
- Nicolai Jørgensen
- Thomas Kahlenberg
- Simon Kjær
- Jakob Poulsen
- Jannik Vestergaard
- Lasse Vibe
- Phil Jagielka
- Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain
- Andros Townsend
- Ats Purje
- Konstantin Vassiljev
- Hallur Hansson
- Christian Holst
- Róaldur Jakobsen
- Brandur Olsen
- Paulus Arajuuri
- Roman Eremenko
- Jarkko Hurme
- Berat Sadik
- Nikoloz Gelashvili
- Karim Bellarabi
- Toni Kroos
- Marco Reus
- Lee Casciaro
- Jake Gosling
- Christos Aravidis
- Nikolaos Karelis
- Panagiotis Kone
- Konstantinos Mitroglou
- Sokratis Papastathopoulos
- Kostas Stafylidis
- Panagiotis Tachtsidis
- Balázs Dzsudzsák
- Zoltán Gera
- Richárd Guzmics
- László Kleinheisler
- Gergő Lovrencsics
- Zoltán Stieber
- Ádám Szalai
- Jón Daði Böðvarsson
- Rúrik Gíslason
- Eiður Guðjohnsen
- Ragnar Sigurðsson
- Moanes Dabour
- Gil Vermouth
- Leonardo Bonucci
- Matteo Darmian
- Daniele De Rossi
- Stephan El Shaarawy
- Alessandro Florenzi
- Simone Zaza
- Aleksandrs Cauņa
- Aleksejs Višņakovs
- Artūrs Zjuzins
- Franz Burgmeier
- Sandro Wieser
- Deivydas Matulevičius
- Saulius Mikoliūnas
- Lukas Spalvis
- Stefano Bensi
- Mario Mutsch
- Sébastien Thill
- David Turpel
- Rinat Abdulin
- Samat Smakov
- Besart Abdurahimi
- Arijan Ademi
- Agim Ibraimi
- Adis Jahović
- Alfred Effiong
- Clayton Failla
- Michael Mifsud
- Gheorghe Boghiu
- Eugeniu Cebotaru
- Alexandru Dedov
- Alexandru Epureanu
- Dejan Damjanović
- Stefan Savić
- Žarko Tomašević
- Ibrahim Afellay
- Jeffrey Bruma
- Stefan de Vrij
- Luciano Narsingh
- Wesley Sneijder
- Craig Cathcart
- Josh Magennis
- Niall McGinn
- Jamie Ward
- Jo Inge Berget
- Mats Møller Dæhli
- Tarik Elyounoussi
- Vegard Forren
- Markus Henriksen
- Håvard Nielsen
- Håvard Nordtveit
- Alexander Søderlund
- Jakub Błaszczykowski
- Kamil Glik
- Bartosz Kapustka
- Krzysztof Mączyński
- Sławomir Peszko
- Łukasz Szukała
- Ricardo Carvalho
- Fábio Coentrão
- Miguel Veloso
- Robbie Brady
- Cyrus Christie
- Wes Hoolahan
- John O'Shea
- Ovidiu Hoban
- Claudiu Keșerü
- Ciprian Marica
- Alexandru Maxim
- Raul Rusescu
- Alan Dzagoev
- Sergei Ignashevich
- Dmitri Kombarov
- Oleg Kuzmin
- Fyodor Smolov
- Matteo Vitaioli
- Ikechi Anya
- Chris Martin
- James McArthur
- Matt Ritchie
- Nemanja Matić
- Aleksandar Kolarov
- Peter Pekarík
- Kornel Saláta
- Stanislav Šesták
- Miroslav Stoch
- Vladimír Weiss
- Robert Berić
- Valter Birsa
- Branko Ilić
- Josip Iličić
- Kevin Kampl
- Dejan Lazarević
- Andraž Struna
- Jordi Alba
- Juan Bernat
- Diego Costa
- Andrés Iniesta
- Álvaro Morata
- Sergio Ramos
- Jimmy Durmaz
- Emil Forsberg
- Ola Toivonen
- Eren Derdiyok
- Johan Djourou
- Blerim Džemaili
- Breel Embolo
- Gökhan Inler
- Pajtim Kasami
- Michael Lang
- Admir Mehmedi
- Valentin Stocker
- Granit Xhaka
- Serdar Aziz
- Umut Bulut
- Hakan Çalhanoğlu
- Bilal Kısa
- Oğuzhan Özyakup
- Denys Harmash
- David Cotterill
- Hal Robson-Kanu
1 own goal
- Mërgim Mavraj (playing against Armenia)
- Levon Hayrapetyan (playing against Serbia)
- Kamo Hovhannisyan (playing against Albania)
- Rashad Sadygov (playing against Croatia)
- Alyaksandr Martynovich (playing against Ukraine)
- Nikolay Bodurov (playing against Croatia)
- Yordan Minev (playing against Italy)
- Vedran Ćorluka (playing against Norway)
- Dossa Júnior (playing against Andorra)
- Jordan Henderson (playing against Slovenia)
- Ragnar Klavan (playing against Switzerland)
- Akaki Khubutia (playing against Scotland)
- Mats Hummels (playing against Scotland)
- Jordan Perez (playing against Republic of Ireland)
- Yogan Santos (playing against Germany)
- Jón Daði Böðvarsson (playing against Czech Republic)
- Giorgio Chiellini (playing against Azerbaijan)
- Martin Büchel (playing against Russia)
- Franz Burgmeier (playing against Russia)
- Tome Pačovski (playing against Spain)
- Petru Racu (playing against Montenegro)
- Robin van Persie (playing against Czech Republic)
- Markus Henriksen (playing against Hungary)
- John O'Shea (playing against Scotland)
- Cristian Brolli (playing against England)
- Alessandro Della Valle (playing against England)
2 own goals
- Giedrius Arlauskis (playing against Switzerland and England)
UEFA unveiled the branding for the qualifiers on 15 April 2013. It shows a national jersey inside a heart, and represents Europe, honour and ambition. The same branding will also be used for the European qualifiers for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
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