France national football team
Les Bleus (The Blues)|
Les Tricolores (The Tri-colors) La Sélection (The Selection)
de Football (FFF)
|Head coach||Didier Deschamps|
|Most caps||Lilian Thuram (142)|
|Top scorer||Thierry Henry (51)|
|Home stadium||Stade de France|
|Current||7 (24 November 2016)|
|Highest||1 (May 2001 – May 2002)|
|Lowest||27 (September 2010)|
|Current||4 (1 December 2016)|
|Highest||1 (most recently July 2007)|
44 (May 1928|
Belgium 3–3 France |
(Brussels, Belgium; 1 May 1904)
France 10–0 Azerbaijan |
(Auxerre, France; 6 September 1995)
Denmark 17–1 France |
(London, England; 22 October 1908)
|Appearances||14 (first in 1930)|
|Best result||Champions, 1998|
|Appearances||9 (first in 1960)|
|Best result||Champions, 1984 and 2000|
|Appearances||2 (first in 2001)|
|Best result||Champions, 2001 and 2003|
The France national football team (French: Équipe de France de football) represents France in international football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus (The Blues).
France play home matches at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, Paris. They have won one FIFA World Cup, two UEFA European Football Championships, an Olympic tournament, and two FIFA Confederations Cups. France experienced much of its success in three major : in the 1950s, 1980s, and late 1990s/early 2000s respectively, which resulted in numerous major honours. France was one of the four European teams that participated in the inaugural World Cup in 1930 and, although having been eliminated in the qualification stage six times, is one of only three teams that have entered every World Cup cycle.
Under the leadership of Didier Deschamps and three-time FIFA World Player of the Year Zinedine Zidane, France won the FIFA World Cup in 1998. Two years later, the team triumphed at UEFA Euro 2000. France won the Confederations Cup in 2001 and 2003, and reached the final of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, which it lost 5–3 on penalties to Italy. The team also reached the final of UEFA Euro 2016, where they lost 1–0 to Portugal in extra time.
France, Argentina and Brazil are the only national teams that have won the three most important men's titles recognized by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, and the Olympic tournament. They have also won their respective continental championship (Copa América for Argentina and Brazil, and UEFA European Championship for France).
The multiethnic France national football team was created in 1904 around the time of FIFA's foundation on 21 May 1904 and contested its first official international match on 1 May 1904 against Belgium, in Brussels, which ended in a 3–3 draw. The following year, on 12 February 1905, France contested their first ever home match against Switzerland. The match was played at the Parc des Princes in front of 500 supporters. France won the match 1–0 with the only goal coming from Gaston Cyprès. Due to disagreements between FIFA and the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques (USFSA), the country's sports union, France struggled to establish an identity. On 9 May 1908, the French Interfederal Committee (CFI), a rival organization to the USFSA, ruled that FIFA would now be responsible for the club's appearances in forthcoming Olympics Games and not the USFSA. In 1919, the CFI transformed themselves into the French Football Federation. In 1921, the USFSA finally merged with the French Football Federation.
In July 1930, France appeared in the inaugural FIFA World Cup, held in Uruguay. In their first-ever World Cup match, France defeated Mexico 4–1 at the Estadio Pocitos in Montevideo. Lucien Laurent became notable in the match as he scored not only France's first World Cup goal, but the first goal in World Cup history. Conversely, France also became the first team to not score in a match after losing 1–0 to fellow group stage opponents Argentina. Another loss to Chile resulted in the team bowing out in the group stage. The following year saw the first selection of a black player to the national team. Raoul Diagne, who was of Senegalese descent, earned his first cap on 15 February in a 2–1 defeat to Czechoslovakia. Diagne later played with the team at the 1938 FIFA World Cup, alongside Larbi Benbarek, who was one of the first players of North African origin to play for the national team. At the 1934 FIFA World Cup, France suffered elimination in the opening round, losing 3–2 to Austria. On the team's return to Paris, they were greeted as heroes by a crowd of over 4,000 supporters. France hosted the 1938 FIFA World Cup and reached the quarter-finals losing 3–1 to the defending champions Italy.
The 1950s saw France handed its first Golden Generation composed of players such as Just Fontaine, Raymond Kopa, Jean Vincent, Robert Jonquet, Maryan Wisnieski, Thadée Cisowski, and Armand Penverne. At the 1958 FIFA World Cup, France reached the semi-finals losing to Brazil. In the third place match, France defeated West Germany 6–3 with Fontaine recording four goals, which brought his goal tally in the competition to 13, a World Cup record. The record still stands today. France hosted the inaugural UEFA European Football Championship in 1960 and, for the second straight international tournament, reached the semi-finals. In the round, France faced Yugoslavia and were shocked 5–4 despite being up 4–2 heading into the 75th minute. In the third-place match, France were defeated 2–0 by the Czechoslovakians.
The 1960s and 70s saw France decline significantly playing under several managers and failing to qualify for numerous international tournaments. On 25 April 1964, Henri Guérin was officially installed as the team's first manager. Under Guérin, France failed to qualify for the 1962 FIFA World Cup and the 1964 European Nations' Cup. The team did return to major international play following qualification for the 1966 FIFA World Cup. The team lost in the group stage portion of the tournament. Guérin was fired following the World Cup. He was replaced by José Arribas and Jean Snella, who worked as caretaker managers in dual roles. The two only lasted four matches and were replaced by former international Just Fontaine, who only lasted two. Louis Dugauguez succeeded Fontaine and, following his early struggles in qualification for the 1970 FIFA World Cup, was fired and replaced by Georges Boulogne, who could not get the team to the competition. Boulogne was later fired following his failure to qualify for the 1974 FIFA World Cup and was replaced by the Romanian Ștefan Kovács, who became the only international manager to ever manage the national team. Kovács also turned out to be a disappointment failing to qualify for the 1974 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 1976. After two years in charge, he was sacked and replaced with Michel Hidalgo.
Under Hidalgo, France flourished, mainly due to the accolades of great players like defenders Marius Trésor and Maxime Bossis, striker Dominique Rocheteau and of course midfielder Michel Platini, who, alongside Jean Tigana, Alain Giresse, and Luis Fernández formed the "carré magique" ("Magic Square"), which would haunt opposing defenses beginning at the 1982 FIFA World Cup, where France reached the semi-finals losing on penalties to rivals West Germany. The semi-final match-up is considered one of the greatest matches in World Cup history and was marred with controversy. France earned their first major international honor two years later, winning UEFA Euro 1984, which they hosted. Under the leadership of Platini, who scored a tournament-high nine goals, France defeated Spain 2–0 in the final. Platini and Bruno Bellone scored the goals. Following the Euro triumph, Hidalgo departed the team and was replaced by former international Henri Michel. France later completed the hat-trick when they won gold at the 1984 Summer Olympics football tournament and, a year later, defeated Uruguay 2–0 to win the Artemio Franchi Trophy, an early precursor to the FIFA Confederations Cup. Dominique Rocheteau and José Touré scored the goals. In a span of a year, France were holders of three of the four major international trophies. At the 1986 FIFA World Cup, France were favorites to win the competition, and, for the second consecutive World Cup, reached the semi-finals where they faced West Germany. Again, however, they lost. A 4–2 victory over Belgium gave France third place.
In 1988, the French Football Federation opened the Clairefontaine National Football Institute. Its opening ceremony was attended by then-President of France, François Mitterrand. Five months after Clairefontaine's opening, manager Henri Michel was fired and was replaced by Michel Platini, who failed to get the team to the 1990 FIFA World Cup. Platini did lead the team to UEFA Euro 1992 and, despite going on a 19-match unbeaten streak prior to the competition, suffered elimination in the group stage. A week after the completion of the tournament, Platini stepped down as manager and was replaced by his assistant Gérard Houllier. Under Houllier, France and its supporters experienced a heartbreaking meltdown after having qualification to the 1994 FIFA World Cup all but secured with two matches to go, which were against last place Israel and Bulgaria. In the match against Israel, France were upset 3–2 and, in the Bulgaria match, suffered an astronomical 2–1 defeat. The subsequent blame and public outcry to the firing of Houllier and departure of several players from the national team fold. His assistant Aimé Jacquet was given his post.
Under Jacquet, the national team experienced its triumphant years. The squad composed of veterans that failed to reach the 1994 FIFA World Cup were joined by influential youngsters, such as Zinedine Zidane. The team started off well reaching the semi-finals of UEFA Euro 1996 where they lost 6–5 on penalties to the Czech Republic. In the team's next major tournament at the 1998 FIFA World Cup at home, Jacquet led France to glory defeating Brazil 3–0 in the final at the Stade de France in Paris. Jacquet stepped down after the country's World Cup triumph and was succeeded by assistant Roger Lemerre who guided them through UEFA Euro 2000. Led by FIFA World Player of the Year Zidane, France defeated Italy 2–1 in the final. Trezeguet scored the golden goal in extra time. The victory gave the team the distinction of being the first national team to hold both the World Cup and Euro titles since West Germany did so in 1974, and it was also the first time that a reigning World Cup winner went on to capture the Euro. Following the result, the French national team were inserted to the number one spot in the FIFA World Rankings.
France failed to maintain that pace in subsequent tournaments. Although, the team won the Confederations Cup in 2001, France suffered a stunning goalless first round elimination at the 2002 FIFA World Cup. One of the greatest shocks in World Cup history saw France condemned to a 1–0 defeat to debutantes Senegal in the opening game of the tournament. France became the second nation to be eliminated in the first round while holding the World Cup crown, the first one being Brazil in 1966. After the 2010 and 2014 World Cup, Italy and Spain were also added to this list. After France finished bottom of the group, Lemerre was dismissed and was replaced by Jacques Santini. A full strength team started out strongly in UEFA Euro 2004, but they were upset in the quarter-finals by the eventual winners Greece. Santini resigned as coach and Raymond Domenech was picked as his replacement. France struggled in the early qualifiers for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. This prompted Domenech to persuade several past members out of international retirement to help the national team qualify, which they accomplished following a convincing 4–0 win over Cyprus on the final day of qualifying. In the 2006 FIFA World Cup, France finished undefeated in the group stage portion and advanced all the way to the final defeating the likes of Spain, Brazil, and Portugal along the way. France took on Italy in the final and, in part down to controversial disruptions in extra time that lead to captain Zinedine Zidane being sent off, failed to find a winning goal, Italy winning 5–3 on penalties to be crowned champions of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
France started its qualifying round for UEFA Euro 2008 strong and qualified for the tournament, despite two defeats to Scotland. France bowed out during the group stage portion of the tournament after having been placed in the group of death (which included Netherlands and Italy). Just like the team's previous World Cup qualifying campaign, the 2010 campaign got off to a disappointing start with France suffering disastrous losses and earning uninspired victories. France eventually finished second in the group and earned a spot in the UEFA play-offs against the Republic of Ireland for a place in South Africa. In the first leg, France defeated the Irish 1–0 and in the second leg procured a 1–1 draw, via controversial circumstances, to qualify for the World Cup.
In the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the team continued to perform under expectations and were eliminated in the group stage, while the negative publicity the national team received during the competition led to further repercussions back in France. Midway through the competition, striker Nicolas Anelka was dismissed from the national team after reportedly having a dispute, in which obscenities were passed, with team manager Raymond Domenech during half-time of the team's loss to Mexico. The resulting disagreement over Anelka's expulsion between the players, the coaching staff, and federation officials resulted in the players boycotting training before their third game. In response to the training boycott, Sports Minister Roselyne Bachelot lectured the players and "reduced France's disgraced World Cup stars to tears with an emotional speech on the eve of their final group A match." France then lost their final game 2–1 to the hosts South Africa and did not advance. The day after the team's elimination, it was reported by numerous media outlets that the President of France Nicolas Sarkozy would meet with team captain Thierry Henry to discuss the issues associated with the team's meltdown at the World Cup, at Henry's request. Following the completion of the World Cup tournament, Federation President Jean-Pierre Escalettes resigned from his position.
Domenech, whose contract already expired, was succeeded as head coach by former international Laurent Blanc. On 23 July 2010, on the request of Blanc, the federation suspended all 23 players in the World Cup squad for the team's friendly match against Norway after the World Cup. On 6 August, five players who were deemed to have played a major role in the 2010 FIFA World Cup training boycott were disciplined for their roles.
France were drawn in Group D of UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying along with Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belarus, Albania and Luxembourg. France got off to a disastrous start in their first qualifier where they surprisingly lost 0–1 to Belarus at home. However, this loss was followed by three successive wins against Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Luxembourg. France eventually topped their group, thus automatically qualifying for Euro 2012. In the finals in Poland and Ukraine, France were in Group D along with rivals England, Sweden and Ukraine. France began Euro 2012 with a 1–1 draw against England which was followed by a 2–0 win over co-hosts Ukraine. Although France lost their final group game 0–2 to Sweden, they ended second in their group and qualified for the quarter-finals, where they were beaten by eventual champions Spain. Following the tournament, coach Laurent Blanc resigned and was succeeded by Didier Deschamps who captained France to glory in the 1998 World Cup and 2000 European Championship.
2014 FIFA World Cup
France were drawn in Group I of the UEFA zone qualification for the 2014 World Cup. They were drawn alongside defending champions Spain, Finland, Belarus and Georgia. France began well, winning their first two qualifiers against Finland and Belarus. In their next qualifier against Spain in Madrid, France were heading towards a 1–0 defeat until Olivier Giroud equalised in injury time. France, however, lost their return leg against Spain, falling 0–1 at home. France ended second in Group I and would play against Ukraine in the playoffs. In the first leg at Kiev, France lost 2–0, forcing them to win the second leg by at least three goals in order to qualify. In the second leg at home, France won 3–0 thanks to a brace by Mamadou Sakho and a goal from Karim Benzema.
On leading France to the 2014 World Cup, Didier Deschamps extended his contract till UEFA Euro 2016. France were drawn in Group E of the 2014 World Cup along with Switzerland, Ecuador and Honduras. Although expectations were not very high for France, they were expected to make at least the round of 16. France suffered a huge setback just before the World Cup as star midfielder Franck Ribéry would miss the tournament through injury. France started the World Cup with a 3–0 win against Honduras in which talismanic striker Karim Benzema bagged a brace. This was followed with a 5–2 thrashing of Switzerland and a goalless draw against Ecuador, which was enough for France to win the group and qualify for the knockout stages. France's round of 16 opponents were Nigeria. France won 2–0 and would set up a quarter-final clash against Germany. France were beaten by Germany in the quarter-finals courtesy of an early goal by Mats Hummels. Paul Pogba was awarded the Best Young Player award during the tournament.
France automatically qualified for Euro 2016 by virtue of being hosts and were considered one of the tournament favorites considering the fact that they had won the last two major tournaments which they hosted. France were drawn in Group A of the tournament alongside Romania, Switzerland and minnows Albania. France won their group with wins over Romania and Albania and a goalless draw against Switzerland and were poised to face Ireland in the round of 16. Ireland took the lead after just two minutes through a controversially awarded penalty which was converted by Robbie Brady. However, a brace from Antoine Griezmann helped France to win the match 2–1 and qualify for the quarter-finals where they beat a resilient Iceland 5–2 to set up a semi-final clash against World Champions and tournament co-favorites Germany. France won the match 2–0 and this marked their first win over Germany at a major tournament since 1958. However, France were beaten by Portugal 1–0 in the final courtesy of an extra-time goal by Eder. Griezmann was named the Player of the Tournament and was also awarded the Golden Boot in addition to being named in the Team of the Tournament alongside Dimitri Payet. The defeat meant that France became the second nation to lose the final of a European Championship on home soil after Portugal failed to secure the title in 2004.
During France's early years, the team's national stadium alternated between the Parc des Princes in Paris and the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir in Colombes. France also hosted matches at the Stade Pershing, Stade de Paris, and the Stade Buffalo, but to a minimal degree. As the years moved forward, France began hosting matches outside the city of Paris at such venues as the Stade Marcel Saupin in Nantes, the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille, the Stade de Gerland in Lyon, and the Stade de la Meinau in Strasbourg.
Following the renovation of the Parc des Princes in 1972, which gave the stadium the largest capacity in Paris, France moved into the venue permanently. The team still hosted friendly matches and minor FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Football Championship qualification matches at other venues. Twice France have played home matches in a French overseas department – in 2005 against Costa Rica in Fort-de-France (Martinique) and in 2010 against China in Saint Denis (Réunion). Both matches were friendlies.
In 1998, the Stade de France was inaugurated as France's national stadium ahead of the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Located in Saint-Denis, a Parisian suburb, the stadium has an all-seater capacity of 81,338. France's first match at the stadium was played on 28 January 1998 against Spain. France won the match 1–0, with Zinedine Zidane scoring the lone goal. Since that match, France has used the stadium for almost every major home game, including the 1998 FIFA World Cup Final.
Prior to matches, home or away, the national team trains at the Clairefontaine academy in Clairefontaine-en-Yvelines. Clairefontaine is the national association football centre and is among twelve élite academies throughout the country. The center was inaugurated in 1976 by former federation president Fernand Sastre and opened in 1988. The center drew media spotlight following its usage as a base camp by the team that won the 1998 FIFA World Cup.
In the 20th and 23rd minute of an international friendly on 13 November 2015, against Germany, three groups of terrorists attempted to detonate bomb vests, at three entrances of Stade de France, and two explosions occurred. Play would continue, until the 94th minute, in order to keep the crowd from panicking. Consequently, the stadium was evacuated through the unaffected gates of the stadium away from the players benches. Due to the blocked exits, spectators who could not leave the stadium had to go down to the pitch and wait until it was safer.
The national team currently has a broadcasting agreement with TF1 Group, who control the country's main national TV channel, TF1. The current agreement was set to expire following the 2010 FIFA World Cup. On 18 December 2009, the Federal Council of the French Football Federation agreed to extend its exclusive broadcasting agreement with the channel. The new deal grants the channel exclusive broadcast rights for the matches of national team, which include friendlies and international games for the next four seasons beginning in August 2010 and ending in June 2014. TF1 will also have extended rights, notably on the Internet, and may also broadcast images of the national team in its weekly program, Téléfoot. The federation will receive €45 million a season, a €10 million decrease from the €55 million they received from the previous agreement reached in 2006.
The France national team utilizes a three colour system, composed of colors blue, white and red. The team's three colors originate from the national flag of France, known as the tricolore. France have brandished the colors since their first official international match against Belgium in 1904. Since the team's inception, France normally wear blue shirts, white shorts, and red socks at home (similar setup to Japan), while, when on the road, the team utilizes an all-white combination or wear red shirts, blue shorts, and blue socks with the former being the most current. Between the years 1909–1914, France wore a white shirt with blue stripes, white shorts, and red socks. In a 1978 World Cup match against Hungary in Mar del Plata, both teams arrived at Estadio José María Minella with white kits, so France played in green-and-white striped shirts borrowed from Club Atlético Kimberley.
Beginning in 1966, France had its shirts made by Le Coq Sportif until 1971. In 1972, France reached an agreement with German sports apparel manufacturer Adidas to be the team's kit provider. Over the next 38 years, the two would maintain a healthy relationship with France winning UEFA Euro 1984, the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and UEFA Euro 2000 while wearing the brand's famous tricolour three stripes. During the 2006 FIFA World Cup, France wore an all-white change strip in all four of its knockout matches, including the final. On 22 February 2008, the French Football Federation announced that they were ending their partnership with Adidas and signing with the American manufacturer Nike, effective 1 January 2011. The unprecedented deal is valued at €320 million over seven years (1 January 2011 – 9 July 2018).
Making France's blue shirt the most expensive ever in the history of football. The first France kit worn in a major tournament produced by Nike was the UEFA Euro 2012 strip, which was all dark blue and used gold as an accent colour. In February 2013, Nike revealed an all baby blue change strip.
In advance of France's hosting Euro 2016, Nike unveiled a new, unconventional kit set: blue shirts and shorts with red socks at home, white shirts and shorts and with blue socks away. The away shirt as worn in pre-Euro friendlies and released to the public also featured one blue sleeve and one red sleeve in reference to the "tricolore"; however, due to UEFA regulations, France was forced to wear a special third kit featuring off-white sleeves instead in its Euro 2016 group stage game against Switzerland.
|1966–1971||Le Coq Sportif|
|2011–at least 2018||Nike|
France is often referred to by the media and supporters as Les Bleus (The Blues), which is the nickname associated with all of France's international sporting teams due to the blue shirts each team incorporates. The team is also referred to as Les Tricolores or L'Equipe Tricolore (The Tri-color Team) due to the team's utilization of the country's national colors: blue, white, and red. During the 1980s, France earned the nickname the "Brazilians of Europe" mainly due to the accolades of the "carré magique" ("Magic Square"), who were anchored by Michel Platini. Led by coach Michel Hidalgo, France exhibited an inspiring, elegant, skillful, and technically advanced offensive style of football, which was strikingly similar to their South American counterparts.
Representing multi-ethnic France
The France national team has long reflected the ethnic diversity of the country. The first black player to play in the national team was Raoul Diagne in 1931. Diagne was the son of the first African elected to the French National Assembly, Blaise Diagne. Seven years later, Diagne played on the 1938 FIFA World Cup team that featured Abdelkader Ben Bouali, and Michel Brusseaux, who were the first players of North African descent to play for the national team. At the 1958 FIFA World Cup, in which France reached the semi-finals, many sons of immigrants such as Raymond Kopa, Just Fontaine, Roger Piantoni, Maryan Wisnieski and Bernard Chiarelli were integral to the team's success. The tradition has since continued with successful French players such as Michel Platini, Jean Tigana, Manuel Amoros, Eric Cantona, Zinedine Zidane, Patrick Vieira, David Trezeguet, Claude Makélélé, Samir Nasri, Hatem Ben Arfa, and Karim Benzema all having either one or both of their parents foreign-born.
During the 1990s, the team was widely celebrated as an example of the modern multicultural French ideal. The 1998 FIFA World Cup-winning team was celebrated and praised for inspiring pride and optimism about the prospects for the "French model" of social integration. Of the 23 players on the team, the squad featured players who could trace their origins to Armenia, Algeria, Guadeloupe, New Caledonia, Argentina, Ghana, Senegal, Italy, French Guiana, Portugal and Martinique with the patriarch of the team being Zinedine Zidane, who was born in Marseille to Algerian immigrants.
The multiracial makeup of the team has, at times, provoked controversy. In recent years, critics on the far right of the French political spectrum have taken issue with the proportional under-representation of ethnic white Frenchmen within the team. National Front politician Jean-Marie Le Pen protested in 1998 that the Black, Blanc, Beur team that won the World Cup did not look sufficiently French. In 2002, led by Ghanaian-born Marcel Desailly, the French team unanimously and publicly appealed to the French voting public to reject the presidential candidacy of Le Pen and, instead, return President Jacques Chirac to office. In 2006, Le Pen resumed his criticism charging that coach Raymond Domenech had selected too many black players. In 2005, French-Jewish conservative writer Alain Finkielkraut caused controversy by punning to the Israeli newspaper Haaretz that despite its earlier slogan, "the French national team is in fact black-black-black," and also adding that "France is made fun of all around Europe because of that." He later apologized for the comments declaring that they were not meant to be offensive.
The socio-ethnic divide between the public and the team reached a climax during the 2010 World Cup. The team was qualified despite the captain handled the qualifying goal with his hands. Once in South Africa, the team didn't manage to score a goal in their first two matches, leaving almost no chance of going through save an exceptional win over hosts South Africa. Thereafter, the players went on strike because of what they saw as mismanagement of the Nicolas Anelka case. Anelka had been forced to depart after a slur that leaked to the press. Players said he was misquoted, and complained of the alleged leaker from the staff, the media, and the federation. Instead of training, coach Raymond Domenech read the players' petition live on television to the stunned journalists. Some Sarkozy-Fillon government members described the mutiny as banlieue behavior, and the players as racaille, words which have clear ethnic connotations.
The national team's overall impact on France's efforts to integrate its minorities and come to terms with its colonial past has been mixed. In 2001, France played a friendly match at the Stade de France, site of its 1998 World Cup triumph, against Algeria. It was the country's first meeting with its former colony, with whom it had fought a war from 1954–1962, and it proved controversial. France's national anthem, La Marseillaise, was booed by Algerian supporters before the game, and following a French goal that made the score 4–1 in the second half, spectators ran onto the field of play, which caused play to be suspended. It was never resumed.
In April 2011, the French investigative website Mediapart released a story which claimed that the French Football Federation had been attempting to secretly put in place a quota system in order to limit the number of dual-citizenship players in its national academies. Quoting a senior figure in the FFF, the organisation was said to have wanted to set a cap of 30% on the number of players of dual-nationality by limiting places in the academies in the 12–13 age bracket. The FFF responded by releasing a public statement on its website denying the report stating "none of its elected bodies has been validated, or even contemplated a policy of quotas for the recruitment of its training centers". The federation also announced that it had authorized a full investigation into the matter and, as a result, suspended National Technical Director François Blaquart pending the outcome of the investigation. Former national team player Lilian Thuram said of the allegations, "Initially I thought this was a joke. I'm so stunned I don't know what to say", while Patrick Vieira declared that comments allegedly made by manager Laurent Blanc at the meeting were "serious and scandalous". The French government also weighed in on the issue, as President Nicolas Sarkozy was quoted as being "viscerally opposed to any form of quota", while adding "setting quotas would be the end of the Republic". Following the investigation, Blanc was cleared of any wrongdoing.
|Assistant manager||Guy Stéphan|
|Goalkeeper coach||Franck Raviot|
|Doctor||Franck Le Gall|
The following 23 players were called up for the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification and Friendly matches against Sweden and Ivory Coast on 11 and 15 November respectively.
Caps and goals as of 15 November 2016 after the match against Ivory Coast.
The following players have been called up for France squad within the past 12 months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Steve Mandanda||28 March 1985||24||0||Crystal Palace||v. Ivory Coast, 15 November 2016 INJ|
|GK||Alphonse Areola||27 February 1993||0||0||Paris Saint-Germain||v. Sweden, 11 November 2016 INJ|
|DF||Layvin Kurzawa||4 September 1992||6||1||Paris Saint-Germain||v. Sweden, 11 November 2016 INJ|
|DF||Samuel Umtiti||14 November 1993||4||0||Barcelona||v. Sweden, 11 November 2016 INJ|
|DF||Aymeric Laporte||27 May 1994||0||0||Athletic Bilbao||v. Netherlands, 10 October 2016|
|DF||Presnel Kimpembe||13 August 1995||0||0||Paris Saint-Germain||v. Netherlands, 10 October 2016|
|DF||Bacary Sagna||14 February 1983||65||0||Manchester City||v. Bulgaria, 7 October 2016 INJ|
|DF||Jérémy Mathieu RET||29 October 1983||5||0||Barcelona||v. Bulgaria, 7 October 2016|
|DF||Christophe Jallet||31 October 1983||11||1||Lyon||UEFA Euro 2016|
|DF||Mamadou Sakho||13 February 1990||28||2||Liverpool||UEFA Euro 2016 PRE|
|MF||Yohan Cabaye||14 January 1986||48||4||Crystal Palace||v. Netherlands, 10 October 2016|
|MF||Geoffrey Kondogbia||15 February 1993||5||0||Internazionale||v. Belarus, 6 September 2016|
|MF||Morgan Schneiderlin||8 November 1989||15||0||Manchester United||UEFA Euro 2016|
|MF||Lassana Diarra||10 March 1985||34||0||Marseille||UEFA Euro 2016 INJ|
|FW||Antoine Griezmann||21 March 1991||39||14||Atlético Madrid||v. Ivory Coast, 15 November 2016 INJ|
|FW||Kingsley Coman||13 June 1996||11||1||Bayern Munich||v. Sweden, 11 November 2016 INJ|
|FW||André-Pierre Gignac||5 December 1985||36||7||UANL||v. Netherlands, 10 October 2016|
|FW||Anthony Martial||5 December 1995||15||1||Manchester United||v. Netherlands, 10 October 2016|
|FW||Alexandre Lacazette||28 May 1991||10||1||Lyon||v. Italy, 1 September 2016 INJ|
|FW||Hatem Ben Arfa||7 March 1987||15||2||Paris Saint-Germain||UEFA Euro 2016 PRE|
INJ Withdrew due to injury
PRE Preliminary squad / standby
RET Retired from international football
SUS Suspended from national team
Results and fixtures
|25 March 2016 Friendly||Netherlands||2–3||France||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
| De Jong 47'
|Report|| Griezmann 6'
| Stadium: Amsterdam Arena
Referee: Felix Zwayer (Germany)
|29 March 2016 Friendly||France||4–2||Russia||Saint-Denis, France|
| Kanté 8'
|Report|| Kokorin 56'
| Stadium: Stade de France
Referee: Craig Thomson (Scotland)
|30 May 2016 Friendly||France||3–2||Cameroon||Nantes, France|
| Matuidi 20'
|Report|| Aboubakar 22'
| Stadium: Stade de la Beaujoire
Referee: Simon Lee Evans (Wales)
|4 June 2016 Friendly||France||3–0||Scotland||Metz, France|
| Giroud 8', 35'
|Report|| Stadium: Stade Saint-Symphorien
Referee: Sébastien Delferière (Belgium)
|10 June 2016 Euro 2016 GS||France||2–1||Romania||Saint-Denis, France|
|21:00 CEST|| Giroud 57'
|Report||Stancu 65' (pen.)|| Stadium: Stade de France
Referee: Viktor Kassai (Hungary)
|15 June 2016 Euro 2016 GS||France||2–0||Albania||Marseille, France|
|21:00 CEST|| Griezmann 90'
|Report|| Stadium: Stade Vélodrome
Referee: Willie Collum (Scotland)
|19 June 2016 Euro 2016 GS||Switzerland||0–0||France||Lille, France|
|21:00 CEST||Report|| Stadium: Stade Pierre-Mauroy
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)
|26 June 2016 Euro 2016 R16||France||2–1||Republic of Ireland||Lyon, France|
|15:00 CEST||Griezmann 58', 61'||Report|| Brady 2' (pen.)
| Stadium: Parc Olympique Lyonnais
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)
|3 July 2016 Euro 2016 QF||France||5–2||Iceland||Saint-Denis, France|
|21:00 CEST|| Giroud 12', 59'
|Report|| Sigþórsson 56'
| Stadium: Stade de France
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)
|7 July 2016 Euro 2016 SF||Germany||0–2||France||Marseille, France|
|21:00 CEST||Report||Griezmann 45+2' (pen.), 72'|| Stadium: Stade Vélodrome
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)
|10 July 2016 Euro 2016 Final||Portugal||1–0 (a.e.t.)||France||Saint-Denis, France|
|21:00 CEST||Éder 109'||Report|| Stadium: Stade de France
Referee: Mark Clattenburg (England)
|1 September 2016 Friendly||Italy||1–3||France||Bari, Italy|
|Pellè 21'||Report|| Martial 17'
| Stadium: Stadio San Nicola
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)
|6 September 2016 2018 World Cup Q||Belarus||0–0||France||Barysaw, Belarus|
|21:45 UTC+3|| Report (FIFA)
| Stadium: Borisov Arena
Referee: Ovidiu Hațegan (Romania)
|7 October 2016 2018 World Cup Q||France||4–1||Bulgaria||Saint-Denis, France|
|20:45 UTC+2|| Gameiro 23', 59'
| Report (FIFA)
|M. Aleksandrov 6' (pen.)|| Stadium: Stade de France
Referee: Luca Banti (Italy)
|10 October 2016 2018 World Cup Q||Netherlands||0–1||France||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
|20:45 UTC+2|| Report (FIFA)
|Pogba 30'|| Stadium: Amsterdam Arena
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)
|11 November 2016 2018 World Cup Q||France||2–1||Sweden||Saint-Denis, France|
| Pogba 58'
| Report (FIFA)
|Forsberg 54'|| Stadium: Stade de France
Referee: Milorad Mažić (Serbia)
|15 November 2016 Friendly||France||0–0||Ivory Coast||Lens, France|
|Report|| Stadium: Stade Bollaert-Delelis
Referee: Radu Petrescu (Romania)
|25 March 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Luxembourg||v||France||Luxembourg City, Luxembourg|
| Stadium: Stade Josy Barthel
|9 June 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Sweden||v||France||Solna Municipality, Sweden|
| Stadium: Friends Arena
|13 June 2017 Friendly||France||v||England||Saint-Denis, France|
| Stadium: Stade de France
|31 August 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||France||v||Netherlands||Saint-Denis, France|
| Stadium: Stade de France
|3 September 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||France||v||Luxembourg||Saint-Denis, France|
| Stadium: Stade de France
|7 October 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Bulgaria||v||France||Sofia, Bulgaria|
| Stadium: Vasil Levski National Stadium
|10 October 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||France||v||Belarus||Saint-Denis, France|
| Stadium: Stade de France
- For single-match results of the national team, see French football single-season articles and the team's results page.
FIFA World Cup record
France was one of the four European teams that participated at the inaugural World Cup in 1930 and have appeared in 14 FIFA World Cups, tied for sixth-best. The national team is one of eight national teams to have won at least one FIFA World Cup title. The France team won their first and only World Cup title in 1998. The tournament was played on home soil and France defeated Brazil 3–0 in the final match.
In 2006, France finished as runners-up losing 5–3 on penalties to Italy. The team has also finished in third place on two occasions in 1958 and 1986 and in fourth place once in 1982. The team's worst result in the competition was a first-round elimination in 2002 and 2010. In 2002, the team suffered an unexpected loss to Senegal and departed the tournament without scoring a goal, while in 2010, France suffered defeats to Mexico and South Africa and earned a point from a draw with Uruguay.
|FIFA World Cup record||Qualification record|
|1930||Group stage||7th||3||1||0||2||4||3||Qualified as invitees|
|1938||Quarter-finals||6th||2||1||0||1||4||4||Qualified as hosts|
|1962||Did not qualify||5||3||0||2||10||4|
|1970||Did not qualify||4||2||0||2||6||4|
|1990||Did not qualify||8||3||3||2||10||7|
|1998||Champions||1st||7||6||1||0||15||2||Qualified as hosts|
|2002||Group stage||28th||3||0||1||2||0||3||Qualified as defending champions|
UEFA European Championship record
France is one of the most successful nations at the UEFA European Football Championship having won two titles in 1984 and 2000. The team is just below Spain and Germany who have won three titles each. France hosted the inaugural competition in 1960 and have appeared in nine UEFA European Championship tournaments, tied for fourth-best. The team won their first title on home soil in 1984 and were led by Ballon d'Or winner Michel Platini. In 2000, the team, led by FIFA World Player of the Year Zinedine Zidane, won its second title in Belgium and the Netherlands. The team's worst result in the competition was a first-round elimination in 1992 and 2008.
|UEFA European Championship record||Qualification record|
|1964||Did not qualify||6||2||1||3||11||10|
|1984||Champions||1st||5||5||0||0||14||4||Qualified as hosts|
|1988||Did not qualify||8||1||4||3||4||7|
|2016||Runners-up||2nd||7||5||1||1||13||5||Qualified as hosts|
FIFA Confederations Cup record
France have appeared in two of the eight FIFA Confederations Cups contested and won the competition on both appearances. The team's two titles place in second place only trailing Brazil who have won four. France won their first Confederations Cup in 2001 having appeared in the competition as a result of winning the FIFA World Cup in 1998. The team defeated Japan 1–0 in the final match. In the following Confederations Cup in 2003, France, appearing in the competition as the host country, won the competition beating Cameroon 1–0 after extra time.
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||Did not qualify|
|1999||Did not enter|
|2005||Did not qualify|
|1904 Évence Coppée Trophy||Co-Winners||1st||1||0||1||0||3||3|
|1972 Brazilian Independence Cup||Group stage||8th||4||3||1||0||10||2|
|1985 Artemio Franchi Trophy||Winners||—||1||1||0||0||2||0|
|1988 Tournoi de France||Winners||1st||2||2||0||0||4||2|
|1990 Kuwait Tournament||Winners||1st||2||2||0||0||4||0|
|1994 Kirin Cup||Winners||1st||2||2||0||0||5||1|
|1997 Tournoi de France||Group stage||3rd||3||0||2||1||3||4|
|1998 King Hassan II International Cup Tournament||Winners||1st||2||1||1||0||3||2|
|2000 King Hassan II International Cup Tournament||Winners||1st||2||1||1||0||7||3|
|2000 Nelson Mandela Inauguration Challenge Cup||Co-Winners||—||1||0||1||0||0||0|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided by penalty shootout.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- This is a list of honours for the senior France national team
- Winners (1): 1904 (shared with Belgium)
- Winners (1): 1985
- Winners (1): 1994
- Winners (1): 1988
Nelson Mandela Inauguration Challenge Cup
- Winners (1): 2000
- Winners (7): 1977, 1978, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1991, 2001
Most capped players
Last updated: 14 October 2014
Source: French Football Federation
|1||Thierry Henry (list)||1997–2010||51||123||0.42|
|4||Zinedine Zidane (list)||1994–2006||31||108||0.28|
Last updated: 14 October 2014
Source: French Football Federation
|Manager||France career||Games||Won||Drawn||Lost||Win %|
|Guérin, HenriHenri Guérin||1964–1966||15||5||4||6||33.3|
| Arribas, JoséJosé Arribas
Snella, JeanJean Snella
|Fontaine, JustJust Fontaine||1967||2||0||0||2||0.0|
|Dugauguez, LouisLouis Dugauguez||1967–1968||9||2||3||4||22.2|
|Boulogne, GeorgesGeorges Boulogne||1969–1973||31||15||5||11||48.4|
|Kovács, IstvánIstván Kovács||1973–1975||15||6||4||5||40.0|
|Hidalgo, MichelMichel Hidalgo||1976–1984||75||41||16||18||54.7|
|Michel, HenriHenri Michel||1984–1988||36||16||12||8||44.4|
|Platini, MichelMichel Platini||1988–1992||29||16||8||5||55.2|
|Houllier, GérardGérard Houllier||1992–1993||12||7||1||4||58.3|
|Jacquet, AiméAimé Jacquet||1993–1998||53||34||16||3||64.2|
|Lemerre, RogerRoger Lemerre||1998–2002||53||34||11||8||64.2|
|Santini, JacquesJacques Santini||2002–2004||28||22||4||2||78.6|
|Domenech, RaymondRaymond Domenech||2004–2010||79||41||24||14||51.9|
|Blanc, LaurentLaurent Blanc||2010–2012||27||16||7||4||59.3|
|Deschamps, DidierDidier Deschamps||2012–present||57||35||10||12||61.4|
- Managers in italics were hired as caretakers
- France women's national football team
- France national under-21 football team
- France national youth football team
- French Guiana national football team
- Guadeloupe football team
- Martinique national football team
- New Caledonia national football team
- Réunion national football team
- Saint-Martin national football team
- Tahiti national football team
- The other two being United States (withdrawing in 1938 without actually playing any match) and Brazil (reaching the finals tournament each time).
- "– France on". FIFA. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- "– Tournaments". FIFA. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- "France v. Belgium 1904 Match Report". French Football Federation. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "France v. Germany 1982 Match Report". French Football Federation. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- Krishnan, Joe (18 June 2014). "World Cup 2014: Spain and the World Cup holders who crashed out at the group stage". The Independent. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Communiqué de la Fédération". French Football Federation. fff.fr. 19 June 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- "World Cup 2010: Nicolas Anelka sent home after bust-up". The Guardian. UK. 19 June 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- "French football in chaos after players' mutiny". Agence France Press. Google. 20 June 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- "Brazil advances, Italy held to another WCup draw". Google. Associated Press. 20 June 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- "Communiqué de la FFF". French Football Federation. France Football Federation. 20 June 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- Kim Willsher (23 June 2010). "Sarkozy to quiz Thierry Henry over French World Cup fiasco". The Guardian. UK.
- "France World Cup squad suspended for Norway friendly". BBC Sport. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- "Nicolas Anelka laughs at 'nonsense' 18-match French ban". BBC Sport. 18 August 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- Davies, Lizzy (17 August 2010). "Nicolas Anelka suspended for 18 matches by France over World Cup revolt". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- "TF1, diffuseur exclusif des matches de l'Equi...". Investegate. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "TF1 restera le diffuseur de l'équipe de France de football entre 2010 et 2014.". Sport24. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- Murray, Scott (21 May 2010). "The Joy of Six: Things we miss about the World Cup". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "FIFA World Cup 2006 Knock Out Stages". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "Nike prochain équipementier". L'Equipe. 22 February 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "You Are All Invited to the France-Nike Wedding, the Couple is Registered for €320m". Soccer Lens. 22 February 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "2012 UEFA European Football Championship". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "One-On-One: Michel Platini". FourFourTwo. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- Marcotti, Gabriele (1 March 2010). "Wider view of France '98 gives Emmanuel Petit opportunity to look back in anger". The Times. UK. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- "France's multicultural World Cup-winning team (1998) achieved little for integration". United for Peace of Pierce County. 11 November 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "The Sword is Mightier than Le Pen". ESPN. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 17 August 2006.
- "Finkielkraut sur Europe 1". Le Nouvel Observateur. France. 25 November 2005. Retrieved 25 November 2005.
- "French football body to investigate 'race quota' claim". BBC. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Le DTN suspendu de ses fonctions" (in French). French Football Federation. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Précision de la FFF" (in French). French Football Federation. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Le staff des Bleus". French Football Federation (in French). 5 August 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "Dernière sélection". fff.fr. 3 November 2016.
- "Senegal stun France". British Broadcasting Corporation. 31 May 2002. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- "Dismal France eliminated from World Cup". Cable News Network. 22 June 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- As 1998 FIFA World Cup Champions
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