Trailokya (Sanskrit: त्रैलोक्य; Pali: tiloka, Wylie: khams gsum ) has been translated as "three worlds,"[1][2][3][4][5] "three spheres,"[3] "three planes of existence,"[6] "three realms"[6] and "three regions."[4] These three worlds are identified in Hinduism and appear in early Buddhist texts.

Buddhist cosmology

In Buddhism, the three worlds refer the following destinations for karmic rebirth :

Theosophical views

According to Helena Blavatsky's posthumously published Theosophical Glossary (1892):

Hindu Surname

Trailokya is also a Hindu Surname, mostly belonging to the Daivadnya Brahmin, a Hindu Brahmin sub-caste.

See also


  1. Monier-Williams (1899), p. 460, col. 1, entry for "[Tri-]loka" (retrieved at and p. 462, col. 2, entry for "Trailoya" (retrieved at
  2. Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), p. 301, entry for "Ti-" (retrieved at Here, tiloka is compared with tebhūmaka ("three planes").
  3. 1 2 3 Fischer-Schreiber et al. (1991), p. 230, entry for "Triloka." Here, synonyms for triloka include trailokya and traidhātuka.
  4. 1 2 3 Blavatsky (1892), pp. 336-7, entry for "Trailokya" (retrieved at
  5. Purucker (1999), entry for "Trailokya" (retrieved at
  6. 1 2 Berzin (2008) renders khams-gsum (Wylie; Tibetan) and tridhatu (Sanskrit) as "three planes of existence" and states that it is "[s]ometimes called 'the three realms.'" Tridhatu is a synonym of triloka where dhatu may be rendered as "dimension" or "realm" and loka as "world" or even "planet."


External links

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