Timeline of United Nations peacekeeping missions

The United Nations has authorized 63 peacekeeping missions as of February 2009. These do not include interventions authorized by the UN like the Korean War and the Gulf War. The 1990s saw the most UN peacekeeping operations to date.


1948OngoingUN Truce Supervision OrganizationUNTSO To monitor Arab-Israeli ceasefire authorized in June 1948. The first UN peacekeeping mission
1949OngoingUN Military Observer Group in India and PakistanUNMOGIP To monitor India-Pakistan ceasefire in Kashmir  


19561967UN Emergency Force IUNEF I To supervise withdrawal of troops from Suez Crisis First armed peacekeepers. Ended June 1967
19581958UN Observation Group in LebanonUNOGIL To prevent troops and weapons entering Lebanon during crisis Ended December 1958


19601964UN Operation in the CongoONUC To prevent foreign intervention in and preserve territory of the Congo Ended June 1964
19621963UN Security Force in West New Guinea (West Irian)UNSF Monitor ceasefire during transition of West Irian from Dutch rule to Indonesian Ended April 1963
19631964UN Yemen Observation MissionUNYOM Supervise disengagement of Saudi Arabia and Egypt from Yemen's civil war Ended September 1964
1964OngoingUN Peacekeeping Force in CyprusUNFICYP

Prevent conflict between Greek and Turkish Cypriots

19651966Mission of the Representative of the Secretary-General in the Dominican RepublicDOMREP Monitor situation caused by rival governments in Dominican Republic Ended October 1966
19651966UN India-Pakistan Observation MissionUNIPOM Supervise India-Pakistan ceasefire outside of Kashmir Ended March 1966


19731979UN Emergency Force IIUNEF II Supervise withdrawal of forces from Sinai after Egypt, Syria and Israel battle. Ended July 1979
1974OngoingUN Disengagement Observer ForceUNDOF Maintain ceasefire between Syria and Israel on the Golan Heights  
1978OngoingUN Interim Force in LebanonUNIFIL Supervise Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon. Keep the international peace and security, and help the Lebanese Government restore its effective authority in the area.


19881990UN Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and PakistanUNGOMAP Enforce Afghanistan and Pakistan from mutual non-interference Ended March 1990
19881991UN Iran-Iraq Military Observer GroupUNIIMOG Supervise Iran-Iraq ceasefire Ended February 1991
19891991UN Angola Verification Mission IUNAVEM I Supervise withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola Ended June 1991
19891990UN Transition Assistance GroupUNTAG Supervise Namibia's elections and transition to independence Ended March 1990
19891992UN Observer Group in Central AmericaONUCA Monitor ceasefire in Nicaragua Ended January 1992


19912003UN Iraq-Kuwait Observation MissionUNIKOM Enforce Kuwait-Iraqi border after Gulf War Ended 2003
19911995UN Angola Verification Mission IIUNAVEM II Enforce ceasefire in Angolan civil war Ended February 1995
19911995UN Observer Mission in El SalvadorONUSAL Enforce ceasefire in El Salvador civil war Ended April 1995
1991OngoingUN Mission for the Referendum in Western SaharaMINURSO Implement ceasefire and help promote referendum on area's future  
19911992UN Advance Mission in CambodiaUNAMIC Prepare way for UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia Ended March 1992
19921995UN Protection ForceUNPROFOR and UNPREDEP[1] Protect area of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Republic of Macedonia restructured December 1995
19921993UN Transitional Authority in CambodiaUNTAC Assist reorganization of Cambodia Ended September 1993
19921993UN Operation in Somalia IUNOSOM I Enforce ceasefire, reorganized as Unified Task Force (UNITAF[2]) Replaced March 1993 by UNOSOM II
19921993UN Observer Mission to Verify the Referendum in EritreaUNOVER Monitor referendum for independence of Eritrea from Ethiopia Ended April 1993
19921994UN Operation in MozambiqueONUMOZ Monitor ceasefire in Mozambique's civil war Ended December 1994
19931995UN Operation in Somalia IIUNOSOM II Stabilize Somalia and assist humanitarian efforts Ended March 1995
19931994UN Observer Mission Uganda-RwandaUNOMUR To enforce ceasefire between Rwanda and rebel group based in Uganda Ended September 1994
19932009UN Observer Mission in GeorgiaUNOMIG Enforce ceasefire between Georgia and Abkhaz separatists Russia vetoed extension in June 2009
19931996UN Observer Mission in LiberiaUNOMIL Monitor ceasefire and elections in Liberia Ended September 1997
19931996UN Mission in HaitiUNMIH Stabilize Haiti after coup overturned Ended June 1996
19931996UN Assistance Mission for RwandaUNAMIR Monitor ceasefire, and after Rwanda genocide, to promote relief efforts Ended March 1996
19941994UN Aouzou Strip Observer GroupUNASOG Monitor Libya's withdrawal from disputed territory given by International Court of Justice to Chad Ended June 1994
19942002UN Mission of Observers in TajikistanUNMOT Monitor ceasefire in Tajikistan civil war Ended May 2000
19951997UN Angola Verification Mission IIIUNAVEM III Monitor ceasefire and disarmament Ended June 1997, but follow-up mission MONUA
19951996UN Confidence Restoration Operation in CroatiaUNCRO Attempts to implement ceasefire Ended January 1996
19951999UN Preventive Deployment ForceUNPREDEP Replaced UNPROFOR in Macedonia and monitored border with Albania. Ended February 1999
19952002UN Mission in Bosnia and HerzegovinaUNMIBH Monitor human rights, demining, relief Ended 31 December 2002
19961998UN Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western SirmiumUNTAES Supervises integration of region into Croatia Ended January 1998
19962002UN Mission of Observers in PrevlakaUNMOP Monitor demilitarization of the Prevlaka peninsula, Croatia Ended December 2002
19961997UN Support Mission in HaitiUNSMIH Modernize police and army of Haiti Ended July 1997
19971997UN Verification Mission in GuatemalaMINUGUA Monitor ceasefire in Guatemala's civil war Ended May 1997
19971999UN Observer Mission in AngolaMONUA Monitoring ceasefire and disarmament Ended February 1999
19971997UN Transition Mission in HaitiUNTMIH Help stabilize Haiti Ended November 1997
19972000UN Civilian Police Mission in HaitiMIPONUH Modernize Haiti's police forces Ended March 2000
19981998UN Civilian Police Support GroupUNPSG Monitor Croatian police Ended October 1998
19982000UN Mission in the Central African RepublicMINURCA Maintaining security and stability in Central African Republic Ended February 2000
19981999UN Observer Mission in Sierra LeoneUNOMSIL Monitor disarmament and demobilization in Sierra Leone Ended October 1999
1999OngoingUN Interim Administration Mission in KosovoUNMIK Exercise administrative authority, including administration of justice in Kosovo  
19992005UN Mission in Sierra LeoneUNAMSIL Help stabilize and disarm Sierra Leone Ended December 2005
19991999UN Mission in East TimorUNAMET To oversee popular consultation on political relation to Indonesia Ended 1999, See UNTAET the follow-up mission.
19992002UN Transitional Administration in East TimorUNTAET Transition East Timor to independence Ended May 2002. See UNMISET the follow-up mission.
1999OngoingUN Peacebuilding Support Office in Guinea-BissauUNOGBIS Facilitate elections in Guinea-Bissau and implementation of the Abuja Agreement
19992010UN Organization Mission in Democratic Republic of the CongoMONUC Monitor ceasefire in Democratic Republic of the Congo Ended June 2010. See MONUSCO the follow-up mission.
  1. - not counted as separate missions by the UN DPKO, linked below
  2. - not counted as separate missions by the UN DPKO, linked below


20002008UN Mission in Ethiopia and EritreaUNMEE Enforce ceasefire between Ethiopia and Eritrea Ended July 2008 after both Eritrea (forced out UN troops) and Ethiopia (refused to accept ICJ ruling on the border) refused to cooperate
20022005United Nations Mission of Support in East TimorUNMISET To ensure security and stabilise the nascent state during the post-independence period. Ended May 2005
2003OngoingUnited Nations Mission in LiberiaUNMIL Oversee ceasefire and train national police.  
2004OngoingUnited Nations Operation in Côte d'IvoireUNOCI Facilitate implementation of peace process  
2004OngoingUnited Nations Stabilization Mission in HaitiMINUSTAH Return stability to Haiti  
20042006United Nations Operation in BurundiONUB To help implement the Arusha accords ended December 2006, replaced by BINUB
2005OngoingUnited Nations Mission in the SudanUNMIS To support implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, perform certain functions relating to humanitarian assistance, and protection and promotion of human rights  
20062012United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-LesteUNMITTo support the Government in consolidating stability, enhancing a culture of democratic governance, and facilitating political dialogue among Timorese stakeholders, in their efforts to bring about a process of national reconciliation and to foster social cohesion  
2007OngoingUnited Nations African Union Mission in DarfurUNAMIDTo monitor arms trade and shipping, to cause and keep a ceasefire  
20072010United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and ChadMINURCAT ended December 2010 due to opposition by Chadian government


2010OngoingUN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the CongoMONUSCO Monitor ceasefire in Democratic Republic of the Congo  
2011OngoingUN Interim Security Force for AbyeiUNISFAMonitor ceasefire in Abyei  
2011OngoingUN Mission in the Republic of South SudanUNMISSAssist the new state of South Sudan  
2011OngoingUN Support Mission in LibyaUNSMILAssist the state of Libya  
20122012UN Support Mission in SyriaUNSMISMonitor the ceasefire agreement in Syria  

See also

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