Survivor (U.S. TV series)
Logo used for the first season
|Created by||Charlie Parsons|
|Presented by||Jeff Probst|
|Theme music composer||Russ Landau|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||33|
|No. of episodes||496 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||43 minutes|
|Distributor||CBS Television Distribution|
480i (SDTV) (2000–08)|
1080i (HDTV) (2008–)
|Original release||May 31, 2000 – present|
Survivor is the American version of the international Survivor reality competition television franchise, itself derived from the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson created by Charlie Parsons which premiered in 1997. The American series premiered on May 31, 2000, on CBS. It is hosted by television personality Jeff Probst, who is also an executive producer, and also executive produced by Mark Burnett and original creator, Parsons.
The show maroons a group of strangers in an isolated location, where they must provide food, water, fire, and shelter for themselves. The contestants compete in challenges for rewards and immunity from elimination. The contestants are progressively eliminated from the game as they are voted out by their fellow contestants, until only one remains and is given the title of "Sole Survivor" and is awarded the grand prize of US$1,000,000.
The American version has been very successful. From the 2000–01 through the 2005–06 television seasons, its first eleven seasons (competitions) rated amongst the top ten most watched shows. It is commonly considered the leader of American reality TV because it was the first highly rated and profitable reality show on broadcast television in the U.S., and is considered one of the best shows of the 2000s (decade). The series has been nominated for several Emmy Awards, including winning for Outstanding Sound Mixing in 2001, Outstanding Special Class Program in 2002, and was subsequently nominated four times for Outstanding Reality-Competition Program when the category was introduced in 2003. Jeff Probst won the award for Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program four consecutive times after the award was introduced in 2008. In 2007, the series was included in Time magazine's list of the 100 greatest TV shows of all-time. In 2013, TV Guide ranked it at #39 on its list of the "60 Best Series of All Time".
The series was renewed for a 33rd season, Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X, which debuted on September 21, 2016. The 34th season will premiere on March 8, 2017.
Format and rules
The first U.S. season of Survivor followed the same general format as the Swedish series. Sixteen or more players are split between two or more "tribes", are taken to a remote isolated location (usually in a tropical climate) and are forced to live off the land with meager supplies for 39 days (42 in The Australian Outback). Frequent physical challenges are used to pit the teams against each other for rewards, such as food or luxuries, or for "immunity", forcing the other tribe to attend "Tribal Council", where they must vote off one of their players.
Once about half the players are remaining, the tribes are merged into a single tribe, and competitions are on an individual basis; winning immunity prevents that player from being voted out. Most players that are voted out at this stage form the game's "jury". Once down to two or three people, a final Tribal Council is held where the remaining players plead their case to the jury members. The jury then votes for which player should be considered the "Sole Survivor" and win the show's grand prize. In all seasons for the United States version, this has included a $1 million prize in addition to the Sole Survivor title; some seasons (particularly earlier seasons) have included additional prizes, such as a car.
The U.S. version has introduced numerous modifications, or "twists", on the core rules in order to keep the players on their toes and to prevent players from relying on strategies that succeeded in prior seasons. These changes have included tribal switches, seasons starting with more than two tribes, the ability to exile a player from a tribe for a short time, hidden immunity idols that players can use to save themselves at Tribal Council, special voting powers which can be used to influence the result at Tribal Council and a chance to return to regular gameplay after elimination through "Redemption Island" or "The Outcast Tribe".
The United States version is produced by Mark Burnett and hosted by Jeff Probst. Each competition is called a season, has a unique name, and lasts from 13 to 16 episodes. The first season was broadcast as a summer replacement show in 2000. Starting with Survivor: Africa, there have been two seasons aired during each U.S. television season.
There have been a total of 498 contestants that have competed on Survivor's 33 seasons.
|No.||Season title||Location||Original tribes||Winner||Runner(s)-up||Final vote|
|1||Survivor: Borneo||Pulau Tiga, Sabah, Malaysia||Two tribes of eight||Richard Hatch||Kelly Wiglesworth||4–3|
|2||Survivor: The Australian Outback||Herbert River at Goshen Station, Queensland, Australia||Tina Wesson||Colby Donaldson||4–3|
|3||Survivor: Africa||Shaba National Reserve, Kenya||Ethan Zohn||Kim Johnson||5–2|
|4||Survivor: Marquesas||Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia||Vecepia Towery||Neleh Dennis||4–3|
|5||Survivor: Thailand||Ko Tarutao, Satun Province, Thailand||Two tribes of eight picked by the two oldest players, Jake and Jan||Brian Heidik||Clay Jordan||4–3|
|6||Survivor: The Amazon||Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil||Two tribes of eight divided by gender||Jenna Morasca||Matthew Von Ertfelda||6–1|
|7||Survivor: Pearl Islands||Pearl Islands, Panama||Two tribes of eight||Sandra Diaz-Twine||Lillian Morris||6–1|
|8||Survivor: All-Stars||Three tribes of six returning players||Amber Brkich||Rob Mariano||4–3|
|9||Survivor: Vanuatu||Efate, Shefa, Vanuatu||Two tribes of nine divided by gender||Chris Daugherty||Twila Tanner||5–2|
|10||Survivor: Palau||Koror, Palau||A schoolyard pick of two tribes of nine; two eliminated without a tribe||Tom Westman||Katie Gallagher||6–1|
|11||Survivor: Guatemala||Laguna Yaxhá, Yaxhá-Nakúm-Naranjo National Park, Petén, Guatemala||Two tribes of nine, including two returning players||Danni Boatwright||Stephenie LaGrossa||6–1|
|12||Survivor: Panama||Pearl Islands, Panama||Four tribes of four divided by age and gender||Aras Baskauskas||Danielle DiLorenzo||5–2|
|13||Survivor: Cook Islands||Aitutaki, Cook Islands||Four tribes of five divided by ethnicity: African Americans, Whites, Hispanics, and Asians||Yul Kwon||Ozzy Lusth||Becky Lee||5–4–0|
|14||Survivor: Fiji||Macuata, Vanua Levu, Fiji||Two tribes of nine divided by a selected castaway, who would join the tribe who lost the first challenge||Earl Cole||Cassandra Franklin &|
Andria "Dreamz" Herd
|15||Survivor: China||Zhelin, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China||Two tribes of eight||Todd Herzog||Courtney Yates||Amanda Kimmel||4–2–1|
|16||Survivor: Micronesia||Koror, Palau||Two tribes of ten: new players against past contestants||Parvati Shallow||Amanda Kimmel||5–3|
|17||Survivor: Gabon||Wonga-Wongue Presidential Reserve, Estuaire, Gabon||A schoolyard pick of two tribes of nine, starting with the oldest players, Bob & Gillian||Robert "Bob" Crowley||Susie Smith||Jessica "Sugar" Kiper||4–3–0|
|18||Survivor: Tocantins||Jalapão, Tocantins, Brazil||Two tribes of eight||James "J.T." Thomas Jr.||Stephen Fishbach||7–0|
|19||Survivor: Samoa||Upolu, Samoa||Two tribes of ten||Natalie White||Russell Hantz||Mick Trimming||7–2–0|
|20||Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains||Two tribes of ten returning players, divided by "hero" or "villain" status||Sandra Diaz-Twine||Parvati Shallow||Russell Hantz||6–3–0|
|21||Survivor: Nicaragua||San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua||Two tribes of ten divided by age||Jud "Fabio" Birza||Chase Rice||Matthew "Sash" Lenahan||5–4–0|
|22||Survivor: Redemption Island||Two tribes of nine, including two returning players||Rob Mariano||Phillip Sheppard||Natalie Tenerelli||8–1–0|
|23||Survivor: South Pacific||Upolu, Samoa||Sophie Clarke||Benjamin "Coach" Wade||Albert Destrade||6–3–0|
|24||Survivor: One World||Two tribes of nine divided by gender living on the same beach||Kim Spradlin||Sabrina Thompson||Chelsea Meissner||7–2–0|
|25||Survivor: Philippines||Caramoan, Camarines Sur, Philippines||Three tribes of six, including three returning players who had been medically evacuated in a previous season||Denise Stapley||Lisa Whelchel &|
|26||Survivor: Caramoan||Two tribes of ten: new players against past contestants||John Cochran||Dawn Meehan &|
|27||Survivor: Blood vs. Water||Palaui Island, Santa Ana, Cagayan, Philippines||Two tribes of ten: returning contestants against their loved ones||Tyson Apostol||Monica Culpepper||Gervase Peterson||7–1–0|
|28||Survivor: Cagayan||Three tribes of six divided by primary attribute: "brawn" vs. "brains" vs. "beauty"||Tony Vlachos||Yung "Woo" Hwang||8–1|
|29||Survivor: San Juan del Sur||San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua||Nine pairs of new players, each with a pre-existing relationship, divided onto two tribes of nine||Natalie Anderson||Jaclyn Schultz||Missy Payne||5–2–1|
|30||Survivor: Worlds Apart||Three tribes of six divided by social class: "white collar" vs. "blue collar" vs. "no collar"||Mike Holloway||Carolyn Rivera &|
Will Sims II
|31||Survivor: Cambodia||Koh Rong, Cambodia||Two tribes of ten returning players, chosen by public vote||Jeremy Collins||Spencer Bledsoe &|
|32||Survivor: Kaôh Rōng||Three tribes of six divided by primary attribute: "brains" vs. "brawn" vs. "beauty"||Michele Fitzgerald||Aubry Bracco||Tai Trang||5–2–0|
|33||Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X||Mamanuca Islands, Fiji||Two tribes of ten divided by generation: millennials vs. Generation X||TBA|
The original idea of Survivor was developed by Charlie Parsons in 1994 under the name Castaway. Parsons formed Planet24 with Bob Geldof to produce the show and tried to have the BBC broadcast it, but the network turned it down. Parsons went to Swedish television and was able to find a broadcaster, ultimately producing Expedition Robinson in 1997. The show was a success, and plans for international versions were made.
Mark Burnett intended to be the person to bring the show to the United States, though he recognized that the Swedish version was a bit crude and mean-spirited. Burnett retooled the concept to use better production values, based on his prior Eco-Challenge show, and wanted to focus more on the human drama experienced while under pressure. Burnett spent about a year trying to find a broadcaster that would take the show, retooling the concept based on feedback. On November 24, 1999, Burnett made his pitch to Les Moonves of CBS, and Moonves agreed to pick up the show. The first season, Survivor: Borneo was filmed during March and April 2000, and was first broadcast on May 31, 2000. The first season became a ratings success, leading to its current ongoing run.
The American version of Survivor has been shot in many locations around the world since the first season, usually favoring warm and tropical climates. Though locations varied across the globe in the first dozen seasons, more recent seasons have used the same general location for back-to-back filming of two cycles (for example, the use of Samoa for filming of seasons 19, 20).
|Continent/Region||Locations (season number)|
|Africa||Kenya (3), Gabon (17)|
|Asia||Malaysia (1), Thailand (5), China (15), Philippines (25, 26, 27, 28), Cambodia (31, 32)|
|Oceania||Australia (2), French Polynesia (4), Vanuatu (9), Palau (10, 16), Cook Islands (13), Fiji (14, 33, 34), Samoa (19, 20, 23, 24)|
|Central America||Panama (7, 8, 12), Guatemala (11), Nicaragua (21, 22, 29, 30)|
|South America||Brazil (6, 18)|
Since The Australian Outback, the announcement of each season's winner and subsequent reunion have been broadcast live in front of a studio audience, usually alternating between the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York City (home to the CBS' Late Show franchise) and CBS Television City or the CBS Studio Center in Los Angeles.
U.S. television ratings
Seasonal rankings (based on average total viewers per episode) of the United States version of Survivor on CBS.
Note: Each U.S. network television season starts in late September and ends in late May, which coincides with the completion of May sweeps.
|Season||Timeslot (ET)3||Premiered||Ended||TV season||Rank|| Viewers|
|Survivor: Borneo|| Wednesday
|May 31, 2000||15.51||August 23, 2000||51.69||36.70||2000||2||28.30|
|Survivor: The Australian Outback|| Thursday
|January 28, 2001||45.371||May 3, 2001||36.35||28.01||2000–01||1||29.80|
|Survivor: Africa||October 11, 2001||23.84||January 10, 2002||27.26||19.05||2001–02||8||20.69|
|Survivor: Marquesas||February 28, 2002||23.19||May 19, 2002||25.87||17.89||6||20.77|
|Survivor: Thailand||September 19, 2002||23.05||December 19, 2002||24.08||20.43||2002–03||4||21.21|
|Survivor: The Amazon||February 13, 2003||23.26||May 11, 2003||22.29||17.65||9||19.97|
|Survivor: Pearl Islands||September 18, 2003||21.50||December 14, 2003||25.23||21.87||2003–04||7||20.72|
|Survivor: All-Stars||February 1, 2004||33.531||May 9, 2004||24.76||23.92||3||21.49|
|Survivor: Vanuatu||September 16, 2004||20.06||December 12, 2004||19.72||15.23||2004–05||10||19.64|
|Survivor: Palau||February 17, 2005||23.66||May 15, 2005||20.80||15.48||5||20.91|
|Survivor: Guatemala||September 15, 2005||18.41||December 11, 2005||21.18||15.21||2005–06||8||18.30|
|Survivor: Panama||February 2, 2006||19.20||May 14, 2006||17.07||11.65||11||16.82|
|Survivor: Cook Islands||September 14, 2006||18.00||December 17, 2006||16.42||13.53||2006–07||13||15.75|
|Survivor: Fiji||February 8, 2007||16.68||May 13, 2007||13.63||11.43||15||14.83|
|Survivor: China||September 20, 2007||15.35||December 16, 2007||15.10||12.22||2007–08||8||15.18|
|Survivor: Micronesia||February 7, 2008||14.02||May 11, 2008||12.92||10.84||11||13.61|
|Survivor: Gabon||September 25, 2008||13.05||December 14, 2008||13.77||11.74||2008–09||15||13.81|
|Survivor: Tocantins||February 12, 2009||13.63||May 17, 2009||12.94||11.59||19||12.86|
|Survivor: Samoa||September 17, 2009||11.66||December 20, 2009||13.97||11.68||2009–10||17||12.34|
|Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains||February 11, 2010||14.15||May 16, 2010||13.46||10.65||14||12.60|
|Survivor: Nicaragua|| Wednesday
|September 15, 2010||12.23||December 19, 2010||13.58||11.19||2010–11||11||13.61|
|Survivor: Redemption Island||February 16, 2011||11.17||May 15, 2011||13.30||10.97||18||12.59|
|Survivor: South Pacific||September 14, 2011||10.74||December 18, 2011||13.07||9.92||2011–12||18||12.77|
|Survivor: One World||February 15, 2012||10.79||May 13, 2012||10.34||7.72||26||11.64|
|Survivor: Philippines||September 19, 2012||11.37||December 16, 2012||11.46||8.77||2012–13||21||11.85|
|Survivor: Caramoan||February 13, 2013||8.94||May 12, 2013||10.16||8.13||28||10.82|
|Survivor: Blood vs. Water||September 18, 2013||9.73||December 15, 2013||10.19||7.46||2013–14||252||11.30|
|Survivor: Cagayan||February 26, 2014||9.40||May 21, 2014||9.58||7.14|
|Survivor: San Juan del Sur||September 24, 2014||9.75||December 17, 2014||9.79||7.31||2014–15||31||11.35|
|Survivor: Worlds Apart||February 25, 2015||10.04||May 20, 2015||9.74||7.21|
|Survivor: Cambodia||September 23, 2015||9.70||December 16, 2015||9.45||6.49||2015–16||26||10.99|
|Survivor: Kaôh Rōng||February 17, 2016||8.30||May 18, 2016||9.54||6.42|
|Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X||September 21, 2016||9.46||2016–17|
^1 The season premieres of Survivor: The Australian Outback and Survivor: All-Stars each aired after a Super Bowl.
^2 Starting with the 2013–14 TV series ranking, the two seasons aired in that time are listed together as Survivor. Previously, seasons were listed separately.
^3 The season finales of Survivor: Marquesas, and Survivor: The Amazon through Survivor: Blood vs. Water, were aired on Sunday at 8:00 pm. Additionally, Survivor regularly aired on Thursdays, some episodes were moved to Wednesday at 8:00 pm to accommodate broadcasts of the first two weeks of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship.
Awards and nominations
Primetime Emmy Awards
|2001||Outstanding Non-Fiction Program (Special Class)||Won|
|Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Non-Fiction Program||"The Marooning"||Won|
|Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming||"A Honeymoon or Not"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Main Title Theme Music||Russ Landau||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming||"Trial by Fire"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special||"Survivor: The Reunion"||Nominated|
|2002||Outstanding Lighting Direction (Electronic, Multi-Camera) for VMC Programming||"Finale and the Reunion"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Two Peas in a Pod"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video for a Series||"Finale and the Reunion"||Nominated|
|2003||Outstanding Art Direction for a Variety or Music Program||Nominated|
|Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"The Importance of Being Earnest"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"More Than Meats the Eye"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Reality/Competition Program||Nominated|
|2004||Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Beg, Barter and Steal"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Swimming with Sharks"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Shark Attack"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Reality/Competition Program||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"They're Back"||Nominated|
|2005||Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"This Has Never Happened Before"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"This Has Never Happened Before"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Culture Shock and Violent Storms"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Reality/Competition Program||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Love is in the Air, Rats are Everywhere"||Nominated|
|2006||Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Starvation and Lunacy"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Salvation and Desertion"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Reality/Competition Program||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise"||Nominated|
|2007||Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"An Evil Thought"||Nominated|
|2008||Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"He's a Ball of Goo!"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program||Jeff Probst||Won|
|Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||"Just Don't Eat the Apple"||Nominated|
|2009||Outstanding Sound Mixing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"The Poison Apple Needs to Go"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program||Jeff Probst||Won|
|Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||"This Camp is Cursed"||Nominated|
|2010||Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Tonight, We Make Our Move"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program||Jeff Probst||Won|
|Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||"Slay Everyone, Trust No One"||Won|
|2011||Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Don't You Work for Me?"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program||Jeff Probst||Won|
|Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||"Rice Wars"||Nominated|
|2012||Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Cult-Like"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||"Running the Show"||Nominated|
|2013||Outstanding Sound Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)||"Create a Little Chaos"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming||Nominated|
|Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming||"Zipping Over the Cuckoo's Nest"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Directing for Nonfiction Programming||"Live Finale and Reunion" (Survivor: Caramoan)||Nominated|
|"Live Finale and Reunion" (Survivor: Philippines)||Nominated|
|2014||Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||"Mad Treasure Hunt"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming||"Mad Treasure Hunt"||Nominated|
|2015||Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||"It's Survivor Warfare"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming||"It's Survivor Warfare"||Nominated|
|2016||Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming||"Second Chance"||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming||"Signed, Sealed and Delivered"||Nominated|
|2001||TCA Awards||Program of the Year||Nominated|
|2001||Outstanding New Program||Nominated|
|2011||Outstanding Achievement in Reality Programming||Nominated|
|2013||Outstanding Achievement in Reality Programming||Nominated|
|2013||Critics' Choice Television Awards||Best Reality Series – Competition||Nominated|
|2014||Best Reality Series – Competition||Nominated|
|2014||TCA Awards||Outstanding Achievement in Reality Programming||Nominated|
At the end of each U.S. Survivor season from Survivor: Africa onward, various Survivor props and memorabilia are auctioned online for charity. The most common recipient has been the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation. Most recently, proceeds have gone toward The Serpentine Project, a charity founded by Jeff Probst, dedicated to helping those transitioning out of foster care upon emancipation at eighteen years of age. Items up for auction have included flags, mats, tree mails, contestant torches, contestant clothing, autographed items, immunity idols and the voting urn.
Controversies and legal action
- In February 2001, Stacey Stillman filed a lawsuit claiming that producers interfered in the process of Survivor: Borneo by persuading two members of her tribe (Sean Kenniff and Dirk Been) to vote her off instead of Rudy Boesch.
- During a reward trip on Survivor: The Australian Outback, Colby Donaldson removed corals from the Great Barrier Reef and, on the same trip, a helicopter involved with the production crew flew around protected seabird rookeries. Both acts violated Australian law and the incidents could have resulted in fines up to A$110,000. Mark Burnett, the executive producer, issued an apology on behalf of Donaldson and the Survivor production team.
- At the tribal immunity challenge for the final four players on Survivor: Africa, host Jeff Probst asked which female player in their season had no piercings. Kim Johnson answered Kelly Goldsmith, got the point, and went on to win the challenge, which put her through to the final three and ultimately (after winning another immunity challenge) the final two. Unbeknownst to the producers, another contestant on "Africa", Lindsey Richter, also had no piercings. Lex van den Berghe's answer had been Lindsey, but the show did not award him a point, which could have significantly changed the outcome of the challenge and the overall game. CBS later paid van den Berghe and Tom Buchanan, who had finished in fourth place, a settlement.
- In the fifth episode of Survivor: All-Stars, a naked Richard Hatch came into contact with Sue Hawk after she blocked his path during an immunity challenge. Hatch was voted out that day for other reasons, but Hawk quit the game two days later as a result of what had happened. Hawk considered filing a lawsuit against the parties involved, but appeared with Hatch on The Early Show the morning after the sixth episode aired, stating she opted out of legal action because CBS had helped her "deal with the situation".
- Rupert Boneham, a contestant on Pearl Islands and All-Stars, was extremely popular with television audiences, but finished eighth and fourth, respectively, in his appearances on the show. As part of a special on the All-Stars reunion (Survivor: America's Tribal Council), a contest for the 18 players was created, where the winner would be selected by the viewing audience to receive a $1 million prize. Boneham unsurprisingly won this prize, with more than 80% of the votes cast. Many fans of the show saw this as a way of diluting the overall concept of the show, that instead of outwitting, outplaying and outlasting your fellow tribe members to win the game, a player could now play specifically just to gain popularity with the show's audience, regardless of how well they played the game, and still be rewarded with a large prize.
- In January 2006, Richard Hatch, the winner of the first season of Survivor, was charged and found guilty of failing to report his winnings to the IRS to avoid taxes. He was sentenced to four years and three months in prison.
- In the beginning of Survivor: Cook Islands, the tribes were grouped according to their race. Probst claimed the choice came from the criticism that Survivor was "not ethnically diverse enough", but several long-term sponsors, including Campbell's Soup, Procter & Gamble, Home Depot, and Coca Cola dropped their support of the show shortly after this announcement, leading to speculation that the decisions were in response to the controversy. Each company has either denied the link to the controversy or declined to comment.
- The selection process for the 14th season came under fire when it was revealed that, of the entire Survivor: Fiji cast, only Gary Stritesky had gone through the application process for the show; the rest of the contestants were recruited. Probst defended the process, citing finding diversity of cast as a reason.
- At the Survivor: China reunion show, Denise Martin told producers and the audience that she had been demoted to a janitor from a lunch lady due to the distraction she was to students from her appearance on the show. Because of her misfortune, Burnett awarded Martin $50,000. But Martin would later recant her story after the school district she worked for publicly stated that she had taken the custodial position before appearing on the show. Martin then decided to donate the $50,000 to charity.
- A brief uncensored shot of Marcus Lehman's genitals during the premiere episode of Survivor: Gabon led to the show and network being asked to apologize for the incident.
- Jim Early (aka Missyae), who was a user on one of the fan forums for Survivor, was sued by Burnett, his production company, and CBS in August 2010, for allegedly releasing detailed spoiler information for Survivor: Samoa and Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains. Early revealed that he was getting his information from Russell Hantz, a contestant on both seasons, through both phone calls and emails. Early complied in the lawsuit by providing such evidence, eventually leading to its dismissal in January 2011. Although legal action has yet to be taken against Hantz, the contract for a player in Survivor includes a liability of up to $5 million for the premature revealing of a season's results. Hantz has stated that the claim is false.
- Contestants that did not make the jury in Survivor: Caramoan were not allowed on stage for the reunion show. While Jeff Probst claimed that the new stage could not accommodate all 18 of the attending contestants, the format change was panned because the show's fans and fellow contestants felt that it was unfair for them to be left out in the audience. Erik Reichenbach, who finished 5th and did not even get a chance to speak at the reunion, called out the producers for their treatment of the contestants. Calling it a farce, he criticized how the reunion show left so many unanswered questions about the other contestants and his own evacuation during the season finale. He also criticized how the pre-jury members were completely left out in favor of featuring the show's former contestants, like Rob Mariano and Rudy Boesch.
The wild success of Survivor spawned a wide range of merchandise from the very first season. While early items available were limited to buffs, water bottles, hats, T-shirts, and other typical souvenir items, the marketability of the franchise has grown tremendously. Today, fans can find innumerable items, including computer and board games, interactive online games, mugs, tribal-themed jewelry, beach towels, dog tags, magnets, multi-function tools, DVD seasons, Survivor party kits, insider books, soundtracks, and more.
Home media releases
- Best of
|DVD name||Release date|
|Season One: The Greatest and Most Outrageous Moments||January 9, 2001|
|Season Two: The Greatest and Most Outrageous Moments||September 25, 2001|
- Full seasons
Seasons 1, 2, 7, 8, 9 and 10 were released in stores. The remaining seasons have been released exclusively on Amazon.com through their CreateSpace manufacture on demand program.
- CBS All Access
All seasons, including the current season, are available on CBS All Access, the network's over-the-top subscription streaming service.
In the 2001 Survivor video game for PC, developed by Infogrames, it allows players to play and create characters for the game based on the Pulau Tiga or Australian Outback cast members. The game also includes a character creation system for making custom characters.
Gameplay consists of choosing survivors' skills (fishing, cooking, etc.), forming alliances, developing relationships with other tribe members, and voting off competitors at tribal council.
The game was very poorly received by critics. GameSpot gave the game a 'Terrible' score of 2.0 out of 10, saying "If you're harboring even a tiny urge to buy this game, please listen very carefully to this advice: Don't do it." Likewise, IGN gave the game a 'Painful' 2.4 out of 10, stating "It is horribly boring and repetitive. The graphics are weak and even the greatest Survivor fan would break the CD in two after playing it for 20 minutes." The game was the recipient of Game Revolution's lowest score of all time, an F-. An 'interactive review' was created specially for the game, and features interactive comments like "The Survival periods are about as much fun as" followed by a drop-down menu, "watching paint dry/throbbing hemorrhoids/staring at air/being buried alive."
On November 4, 2009, it was announced that a second game based on the show would be turned into a video game. The game would require players to participate in various challenges like those in the reality shows in order to win.
Various soundtracks have been released featuring music composed by Russ Landau, including soundtracks for seasons 9 through 27 (with the exception of season 14).
The Tiki Twirl thrill ride at California's Great America in Santa Clara, California was originally called Survivor: The Ride. The ride includes a rotating platform that moves along an undulating track. Riders can be sprayed by water guns hidden in oversized tribal masks. Theme elements included drums and other familiar Survivor musical accents playing in the background, Survivor memorabilia throughout the queue line and other merchandise for sale in nearby gift shops.
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- Ross, Dalton (May 18, 2016). "Survivor: Millennials vs Gen X: Jeff Probst gives intel on NEXT season". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
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- Loveline April 19, 2011, with Jeff Probst, 9-minute mark
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- Ross, Dalton (May 21, 2014). "'Survivor: San Juan del Sur – Blood vs. Water': Jeff Probst gives intel on NEXT season". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Holmes, Gordon (December 17, 2014). "'Survivor' Host Jeff Probst Spills the Beans on 'Survivor: Worlds Apart'". xfinity. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- Pisey, Hay; Henderson, Simon (February 26, 2015). "TV's 'Survivor' to Film on Koh Rong". The Cambodia Daily. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Holmes, Gordon (May 6, 2015). "'Survivor: Second Chance' Invites Viewers to Select the Castaways". Xfinity. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- Ross, Dalton (December 16, 2015). "Survivor: Kaoh Rong: Jeff Probst gives intel on next season". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
- Murray, Noel (May 17, 2016). "Survivor's first "alliance" changed the game—and reality TV". A.V. Club. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
- Martin, Cameron (February 16, 2011). "'Survivor,' 10 Years Later: Why It's Outlasted Its Competitors". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
- "Variety: 'Survivor' Finale Racks Up Phenomenal Ratings". Variety. August 25, 2000.
- "CBS News: The Million-Dollar Man". CBS News. August 24, 2000.
- "E! Online: "Survivor" Sequel Takes on "Friends"". E! Online. December 19, 2000.
- "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: All-Stars' to premiere after Super Bowl XXXVIII on Sunday, February 1". Reality TV World. November 17, 2003.
- "Zap2It: 'Survivor' Finale Reaches 41 Million". Zap2it. May 4, 2001.
- "E! Online: CBS Wins Season (via WNDU)". E! Online. May 25, 2001. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
- "News Roundup: Carey makes McBeal guest appearance". Hollywood.com. October 22, 2001. Archived from the original on October 1, 2012.
- "Zap2It: 'Survivor' Finale Draws 27 Million Viewers". Zap2it. January 11, 2002.
- "Mercy, it's a killer of a midseason". Media Life Magazine. January 16, 2002.
- "Zap2It: 'Survivor: Thailand' Debut Draws Tribe of Young Viewers". Zap2it. September 20, 2002.
- "Media Life Magazine: There are finales and, yes, finales". Media Life Magazine. May 22, 2002.
- "For Mark Burnett, Life's a Beach". The Wall Street Journal. September 26, 2003.
- "News Roundup: A Hero Will Rise Again". Hollywood.com. September 23, 2001. Archived from the original on October 1, 2012.
- "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Thailand' finale draws big ratings". Reality TV World. December 23, 2002.
- "E! Online: TV Season Wraps; "CSI" Rules". E! Online. May 22, 2003.
- "Zap2It: 'Survivor' Finds A Way To Beat the Heat in Thursday Premieres". Zap2it. February 14, 2003.
- "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: The Amazon' finale places 3rd in weekly ratings, draws 22.29 million viewers". Reality TV World. May 13, 2003.
- "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Pearl Islands' finale dominates, draws over 25 million viewers". Reality TV World. December 16, 2003.
- "Reality TV World: Donald Trump disses Martha Stewart's 'Apprentice,' blames her for his own ratings problems". Reality TV World. October 20, 2005.
- "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: All-Stars' finale averages 24.8 million viewers, over 28 million watch Rob's marriage proposal". Reality TV World. May 4, 2004.
- "Media Life Magazine: A new tribe clears its pipes". Media Life Magazine. September 16, 2004.
- "Zap2It: Tepid 'Survivor: Vanuatu' Premiere Still Beats NBC". Zap2it. September 17, 2004.
- "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Vanuatu' finale averages nearly 20 million viewers, but ABC's 'Housewives' still wins its hour". Reality TV World. December 14, 2004.
- "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Palau' debuts to the show's biggest ratings in years, destroys 'Joey'". Reality TV World. February 21, 2005.
- "Reality TV World: CBS's 'Survivor: Palau' finale averages 20.8 million viewers, but still trails ABC's 'Housewives'". Reality TV World. May 19, 2005.
- "Zap2It: 'Guatemala' Finale Outrates Past Two 'Survivors'". Zap2it. December 12, 2005.
- "Media Life Magazine: So spooky: Sci-fi me-toos start strong". Media Life Magazine. September 21, 2005.
- "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Guatemala' ends with a bang, delivers best finale ratings since 'Survivor: All-Stars'". Reality TV World. December 15, 2005.
- "US-Jahrescharts 2005/2006". June 6, 2006. Retrieved October 26, 2006.
- "E! Online: "Survivor" Aligns with "Stars"". E! Online. February 7, 2006.
- "Series Rankings for 2005–2006". The Hollywood Reporter. May 26, 2006. Archived from the original on July 16, 2008. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- "Mediaweek: The Programming Insider". Mediaweek. September 20, 2006.
- "2006–07 Primetime Wrap". The Hollywood Reporter. May 25, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2009.
- ""Survivor" Heads For Fiji". CBS News. CBS. January 12, 2007.
- Kissell, Rick (September 21, 2007). "Sluggish start for 'Survivor'". Variety.
- "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. September 23, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- ""Survivor: Micronesia-Fans Vs. Faves" and "The 50th Annual Grammy Awards" Boost CBS". The Futon Critic. February 12, 2008.
- "Overnight Nielsen TV Ratings Thursday, September 25, 2008: A Paler Shade of Grey's Boosts ABC – TV Ratings, Nielsen Ratings, Television Show Ratings". TV by the Numbers. September 26, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. May 19, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- Seidman, Robert (February 18, 2009). "American Idol, The Mentalist and NCIS lead weekly broadcast viewing". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
- "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. May 19, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- Matt Mitovich (June 24, 2009). "Fall TV: CBS Announces Premiere Dates". TV Guide Online. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
- Seidman, Robert (September 18, 2009). "Thursday night broadcast original final numbers". TV by the Numbers.
- Seidman, Robert (December 22, 2009). "TV Ratings: New episodes of Big Bang Theory, Two and a Half Men, Survivor and NCIS propel CBS to top of charts". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- Andreeva, Nellie (May 27, 2010). "Full Series Rankings For The 2009–10 Broadcast Season". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- Kate Stanhope (December 21, 2009). "Survivor Reuniting Former Cast Members for Heroes vs. Villains". TV Guide.com. Retrieved December 21, 2009.
- Seidman, Robert (February 12, 2010). "Thursday Broadcast Finals: Grey's Anatomy, The Mentalist Tick Up, Private Practice, 30 Rock Tick Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- "TV Ratings Top 25: American Idol Back On Top With Both Viewers and Adults 18–49". TV by the Numbers. May 18, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2011.
- "CBS Announces 2010–2011 Premiere Dates" (Press release). CBS. July 22, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Seidman, Robert (September 16, 2010). "Survivor & Big Brother Rise in Finals; Outlaw Falls". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
- "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Survivor: Nicaragua' Finale; Plus Patriots/Packers Final Numbers". TV by the Numbers. December 21, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- Andreeva, Nellie (May 27, 2011). "Full 2010–11 Season Series Rankings". Deadline Hollywood. 2010–11 Season: Series Ranking In Total Viewers (in thousands). Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "The Premiere of "Criminal Minds: Suspect Behavior" Sweeps Time Period in Viewers and Key Demographic" (Press release). CBS. February 17, 2011. Retrieved February 17, 2011.
- "CBS Places First in Viewers and Adults 25–54 in the Next-to-Last Full Week of the 2010–2011 Season" (Press release). CBS. May 17, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "CBS Announces 2011–2012 Premiere Dates" (Press release). CBS. June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
- Gorman, Bill (September 15, 2011). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'America's Got Talent' Finale Adjusted Up; Plus 'Up All Night,' 'Free Agents' 15 Min. Rating". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Survivor' Finale Equals Series Low; As NBC Did, Early PR To The Contrary, Top CBS Among Adults 18–49". TV by the Numbers (Press release). December 20, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Andreeva, Nellie (May 24, 2012). "Full 2011–2012 TV Season Series Rankings". TV by the Numbers.
- Gorman, Bill (February 16, 2012). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'American Idol,' 'One Tree Hill,' 'Survivor,' 'Whitney,' and 'Criminal Minds' Adjusted Up, 'The Middle,' 'CSI,' 'Rock Center,' and 'Happy Endings' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- Bibel, Sara (May 15, 2012). "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Once Upon A Time', 'Family Guy', 'Survivor' Adjusted Up; 'Survivor: Reunion', 'Dateline' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- "CBS Announces 2012–2013 Premiere Dates" (Press release). CBS. July 11, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
- Bibel, Sara (September 20, 2012). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'The X Factor' & 'Survivor' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (December 18, 2012). "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Bob's Burgers' and 'Bachelorette' Special Adjusted Up, 'The Simpsons' Adjusted Down + Unscrambled Football". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (December 17, 2012). "TV Ratings Sunday: 'Survivor' Finale Up From Last Spring & 'Bachelorette' Special Flops". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- Patten, Dominic (May 23, 2013). "Full 2012–2013 TV Season Series Rankings". Deadline Hollywood.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (February 14, 2013). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'CSI', 'Suburgatory' & 'Law & Order: SVU' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (May 14, 2013). "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'Once Upon a Time', 'The Simpsons' & 'Revenge' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Porter, Rick (September 19, 2013). "TV ratings: 'Survivor' premiere and 'America's Got Talent' finale lead Wednesday, 'Big Brother' finale down". Zap2it. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (December 17, 2013). "Sunday Final Ratings: '60 Minutes' Adjusted Down, No Adjustment for 'Revenge' or 'Survivor'". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
- "Full 2013–2014 TV Season Series Rankings". Deadline Hollywood. May 22, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (February 27, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'American Idol' & 'Nashville' Adjusted Up; 'Survivor', 'The Middle', 'Mixology', 'Suburgatory' & 'Criminal Minds' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 28, 2014.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (May 22, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'The Middle' & 'Modern Family' Adjusted Up; 'Survivor' Reunion Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (September 25, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'The Middle', 'The Goldbergs', 'Modern Family', 'Law and Order: SVU', & 'Red Band Society' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (December 18, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Survivor' Reunion Adjusted Down; No Adjustment for 'The 100' or 'The Sing-Off'". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
- De Moraes, Lisa (May 21, 2015). "Full 2014–15 TV Season Series Rankings: Football & 'Empire' Ruled". Deadline.com. Primetime Shows 2013–2014 – Total Viewers. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (February 26, 2015). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Empire', 'American Idol', 'Suvivor' & 'Arrow' Adjusted Up; 'The 100', 'black-ish' & 'Nashville' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (May 21, 2015). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'Survivor: Reunion' & 'Modern Family' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (September 24, 2015). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'Modern Family' & 'Law and Order: SVU' Adjusted Up; 'Nashville' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Porter, Rick (December 17, 2015). "Wednesday final ratings: 'Survivor' holds at all-time low for a season finale". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
- "Full 2015–16 TV Season Series Rankings". Deadline Hollywood. May 26, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Porter, Rick (February 18, 2016). "Wednesday final ratings: 'Goldbergs' and 'SVU' adjust up, 'Survivor,' 'Code Black' and 'Hell's Kitchen' adjust down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
- Porter, Rick (May 19, 2016). "Wednesday final ratings: 'Empire,' 'Goldbergs,' & 'SVU' adjust up, 'Arrow' & 'Supernatural' adjust down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- Porter, Rick (September 22, 2016). "Wednesday final ratings: 'Empire' adjusts up, 'Designated Survivor' adjusts down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- "Survivor". Emmys.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Goodman, Tim (June 17, 2001). "The critics have their own awards / If nothing else, July's ceremony proves that we don't hate everything". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- Sepinwall, Alan (June 13, 2011). "Television Critics Association Awards nominees include 'Game of Thrones,' 'Justified,' 'Parks and Recreation' and more". HitFix. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- de Moraes, Lisa (August 3, 2013). "FX's TCA Awards: AMC's 'Breaking Bad' Wins Program Of The Year – Winners List (Live)". Deadline. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
- "Nominees for the 3rd Annual Critics' Choice Television Awards". Critics' Choice Awards. June 10, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- "Winners and Nominees from the 4th Annual Critics' Choice Television Awards". Critics' Choice Awards. June 1, 2015. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- Hibberd, James (May 27, 2014). "TCA nominations: 'True Detective' starts awards season fight". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- "CBS to Promote New Season with Unique Auction on Ebay" (Press release). CBS. September 7, 2004. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
- "Survivor auctions have made $400,000 for Jeff Probst's charity". Reality Blurred. January 31, 2011. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
- ""Survivor: Pearl Islands" Props and Memorabilia Up for Bid on eBay December 14–24 to Benefit the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation" (Press release). Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation. December 14, 2003. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
- ""Survivor" Castaway Claims Show Was Rigged". The Smoking Gun. February 6, 2001. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- "Colby's Great Barrier Reef coral theft, helicopter flight are being investigated". reality blurred. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- Kaplan, Don (February 20, 2002). "'SURVIVOR' 'SCREW-UP' COSTS CBS $200G". New York Post. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- "Hawk And Hatch: Getting Past It: 'Survivor' Contestant Quits Game, Claims 'Violated' By Another Player". cbsnews.com. March 4, 2004.
- "Survivor: America's Tribal Council – Why Rupert Won". realitynewsonline.com. Archived from the original on May 24, 2009.
- "Richard Hatch Hit With Tax Evasion Rap". The Smoking Gun. January 18, 2005.
- Stanley, Alessandra (September 15, 2006). "Will a Gimmick Help 'Survivor' Save Itself?". New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2006.
- Collins, Scott (September 4, 2006). "Sponsors race to get off the island". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- "Survivor Fiji debuts tonight; only one cast member applied while the rest were recruited". Reality Blurred. February 8, 2007.
- "'Survivor' contestant apologizes for deception". The Boston Globe. December 18, 2007.
- "Survivor: China's Denise Martin to donate Burnett's US$50,000 to charity". realitytvworld.com. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- "PTC Blasts CBS for Nudity on "Survivor" Premiere". Parents Television Council. September 30, 2008. Retrieved October 1, 2008.
- Dehnart, Andy (January 31, 2011). "Survivor Spy Exposed". The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Deutsch, Lindsay (February 14, 2011). "Russell, Rob fight for redemption in new 'Survivor'". USA Today. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Ross, Dalton (May 13, 2013). "Medically evacuated Erik slams the 'disrespectful...ridiculous...insane...farce' of a 'Survivor' reunion show". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- "Survivor on DVD, Release Info, Reviews, News". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Poole, Stephen (December 10, 2001). "Survivor Review". GameSpot.
- "Survivor: The Interactive Game Review". IGN.com.
- "Survivor video game review for the PC". gamerevolution.com.
- Kate Stanhope. "Survivor, Amazing Race and Criminal Minds to Become Video Games". TVGuide.com. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- "Russ Landau". iTunes. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- "World's First Reality Coaster, SURVIVOR the Ride(TM), to Debut at Paramount's Great America This Spring" (Press release). PR Newswire. February 22, 2006. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
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