A string quintet is a musical composition for five string players. As an extension to the string quartet (two violins, a viola, and a cello), a string quintet includes a fifth string instrument, usually a second viola (a so-called "viola quintet") or a second cello (a "cello quintet"), or occasionally a double bass.
A famous "cello quintet" is Franz Schubert's Quintet in C major. Antonín Dvořák's Quintet Op. 77 uses a double bass, and Mozart's famous Eine kleine Nachtmusik may be performed with this instrumentation (the double bass being optional).
Alternative additions include clarinet or piano (see clarinet quintet, piano quintet); and other closely related chamber music genres include the string quartet (much more common), the string trio, and the string sextet. A more unusual form of string quintet is the violin quintet composed of 3 violins, a viola and a cello (thus a string quartet with an additional violin).
The term string quintet may refer to a group of five players that performs such works. The ensemble was standard in 17th century Italy and can be seen as early as 1607 in Claudio Monteverdi's opera, L'Orfeo. It can also be applied to the standard five-part orchestral string section: first violins, second violins, violas, cellos, and double basses.
List of viola quintets
- Arnold Bax – Quintet (1933)
- Ludwig van Beethoven – Quintet, Op. 29, sometimes called the Storm Quintet; a Fugue in D major for viola quintet, Op. 137; an arrangement of his Octet for Viola Quintet, Op. 4 (the original Octet was later published as Op.103); an arrangement of his Piano Trio Op. 1 No. 3 for Viola Quintet, Op. 104
- Luigi Boccherini – twelve original Quintets, arrangements of all twelve of his Piano Quintets (Op.56 and Op.57) for Viola Quintet.
- Johannes Brahms – two Quintets, Op. 88 and Op. 111; the Clarinet Quintet Op. 115 may be performed with a viola substituting for the clarinet
- Max Bruch – Quintet in A minor
- Anton Bruckner – String Quintet in F major (1879); Intermezzo in D minor (substitute for the scherzo)
- Antonín Dvořák – two Quintets, Op.1 in A minor and Op. 97 in E♭ (the American Quintet)
- Victor Ewald – a Quintet Op. 4 in A major
- Eduard Franck – two Quintets, Op. 15 in E minor and Op. 51 in C Major
- Friedrich Gernsheim – Quintet Op. 9 in D
- Roy Harris – Quintet (1940)
- Heinrich von Herzogenberg – Quintet in C minor, Op.77 (1892)
- Heinrich Kaminski – Quintet in F♯ minor (two versions, first 1916)
- Franz Krommer – fifteen String Quintets
- Bohuslav Martinů – Quintet (1927)
- Felix Mendelssohn – two Quintets: No. 1 in A major, Op. 18 (1826, revised 1832) and No. 2 in B-flat major, Op.87 (1845)
- Ernst Mielck – Quintet in F major (1897)
- Darius Milhaud – Quintet Op. 325
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – six Quintets: K174, K406/516b, K515, K516, K593, K614
- Carl Nielsen – Quintet in G major (1888)
- George Onslow – five out of his thirty-four Quintets are with two violas; four are with double bass and the rest with two cellos (see below)
- Hubert Parry – Quintet in E flat (1909)
- George Perle – Quintet (1958)
- Josef Rheinberger – Quintet in A minor, Op. 82 (1874) (Carus-Verlag)
- Ferdinand Ries – Seven Quintets, op. 37 in C, Op. 68 in D minor, Op. 167 in A minor, Op. 171 in G, Op. 183 in E-flat, and two published without opus in A major and F minor (published in a series "Samtliche Streichquintette" edited by Jürgen Schmidt between 2003-5 for Accolade Musikverlag.)
- Franz Schubert – "Quintet-Overture" for Quintet, D 8
- Roger Sessions – Quintet (1958)
- Robert Simpson – Quintet (1987)
- Louis Spohr – seven Quintets
- Charles Villiers Stanford – Two Quintets
- Johan Svendsen – Quintet in C, Op. 5 (1868)
- Sergei Taneyev – Quintet in C, Op. 16
- Ralph Vaughan Williams – Quintet (the Phantasy Quintet – 1912) and Nocturne and Scherzo (1904-1906)
- Felix Weingartner – Quintet, his Op. 40
- John Woolrich – The Death of King Renaud (1991)
- Alexander von Zemlinsky – Quintet (1894–1896): 2 movements are lost
List of cello quintets
- Arnold Bax – Quintet in G major (1908), whose second movement was rescored by the composer for Viola Quintet and published as the Lyrical Interlude (1923);
- Wilhelm Berger – Quintet in E minor, Op. 75 (1911)
- Luigi Boccherini – one hundred ten Quintets. The third movement Minuet of the Cello Quintet Op.11 No.5 is extremely well known.
- Alexander Borodin – Quintet in F minor
- Luigi Cherubini – Quintet in E minor (1837)
- Felix Otto Dessoff – Quintet, Op. 10
- Friedrich Dotzauer – Quintet in D minor, Op. 134 (1835)
- Felix Draeseke – Quintet in F, Op. 77 (1901)
- Friedrich Gernsheim – Quintet Op. 89 in E♭
- Alexander Glazunov – Quintet in A, Op. 39
- Karl Goldmark – Quintet in A minor, Op. 9 (1862)
- August Klughardt – Quintet in G minor, Op. 62 (1902)
- Frank Martin – Pavane couleur du temps (Colour of weather Pavane), 1920, 7', For quintet.
- Darius Milhaud – Quintet Op. 350
- George Onslow – twenty-five of his thirty-four string quintets are Cello Quintets; five are with two violas and four are with double bass
- Einojuhani Rautavaara –Quintet Unknown Heavens (1997)
- Ottorino Respighi – Quintet in G minor (1901, incomplete)
- George Rochberg – Quintet for Two Violins, Viola and Two Cellos (1982)
- Franz Schubert – Cello Quintet, Op. post. 163, D 956
- Peter Seabourne – Quintet for Two Violins, Viola and Two Cellos (2012)
- Robert Simpson – Quintet (1995)
- Ethel Smyth – Quintet in E major, Op. 1
- Sergei Taneyev – Quintet in G, Op. 14
- Ferdinand Thieriot – several Quintets.
- Carl Vine – String Quintet (2009)
String quintets for 3 violins, viola and cello
- Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, string quintet (1798)
- Franz Clement, Introduction and Polonaise in E major (Polonaise für die Violine mit Begleitung von 2 Violinen, Viola und Violonzello)
- Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, Polonaise, Op.17
- Kamillo Horn (1860-1941), string quintet, op. 50
- Charles Martin Loeffler – one Violin Quintet (three violins, viola and cello)
- Joseph Mayseder, Polonaise No.1, Op.10; Polonaise No.3, Op.12
- Franz Anton Morgenroth (1780-1847), Variations for Violin and String Quartet, Op.4
- Alessandro Rolla, Divertimento for Violin and String Quartet, BI 429
- Franz Schubert, Rondo in A major for Violin and Strings, D 438
- Louis Spohr, Potpourri No.2 in B♭ major (Potpourri on themes by Mozart for violin and string quartet (with bass ad libitum))
List of double bass quintets
- Leslie Bassett – Quintet (1957)
- Luigi Boccherini – three Quintets.
- Antonín Dvořák – Quintet Op. 77 in G
- Alistair Hinton – String Quintet (1969–77)
- Vagn Holmboe – Quintet, Op. 165/M.326 (1986)
- Darius Milhaud – Quintet Op. 316
- George Onslow – four out of his thirty-four String Quintets are with double bass; five with two violas and the rest with two cellos
String quintets for other combinations
- Felix Draeseke – one Quintet in A for Two Violins, Viola, Violotta, and Cello (the Stelzner-Quintett; 1897) ; one Cello Quintet in F, Op. 77 (1901)
Works making use of a string quintet
- Nigel Keay – one Double Bass Quintet with Contralto, Tango Suite (2002) ()
- Myers, Herbert W. (2000). "When Is a Violino Not a Viola da Braccio?" The Galpin Society Journal 53, 335–39.
- Parlett, David. "Catalog of music by Bax (1930-1939)". Retrieved 2007-12-20.
- Archived September 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- "Merton Catalog". Retrieved 2007-10-23.
- "Frank Martin Worklist". Retrieved 2007-10-23.
- NY Public Library reference