River Amber

River Amber
Amber at Clapper Bridge in Ashover
Country England
Counties Derbyshire
 - left Press Brook, Alfreton Brook, Buckland-Hollow Brook
Source Ashover
Mouth Confluence with the Derwent
 - coordinates 53°03′36″N 1°29′02″W / 53.06000°N 1.48389°W / 53.06000; -1.48389Coordinates: 53°03′36″N 1°29′02″W / 53.06000°N 1.48389°W / 53.06000; -1.48389
Length 21 km (13 mi)
Basin 140 km2 (54 sq mi)
Discharge for Wingfield Park [1]
 - average 1.37 m3/s (48 cu ft/s)
Confluence with Derwent in Derbyshire
Wikimedia Commons: River Amber
Progression : Amber—DerwentTrentHumberNorth Sea

The River Amber is a left bank tributary of the River Derwent in Derbyshire, England. It gives its name to the local government district and borough of Amber Valley.[2][3]

The name Amber is a pre-Celtic word with uncertain meaning.[4]


Its source is close to the village of Ashover, near Clay Cross, and it flows southwards through Ogston Reservoir to Pentrich then turns westwards through Wingfield Park to join the River Derwent at Ambergate.[5]

Like many such rivers flowing from the Derbyshire moors, it powered a number of water mills, many of them for crushing locally mined and quarried minerals, such as limestone.

The river valley also provided a route for the Cromford Canal, at the southern end as far as Butterley Tunnel, and the North Midland Railway, to travel northwards until it passed under Clay Cross via the Clay Cross Tunnel, where it entered the valley of the River Rother and then north to Chesterfield.


  1. "28048 - Amber at Wingfield Park". The National River Flow Archive. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  2. Amber Valley Borough Council website
  3. English Place-Name Society (1996). Journal. The Society. Retrieved 22 August 2015. the River Amber, Derbyshire (first attested as Ambra Hy 2, Ambre late 12th), is related to the Continental rivers Amper (Ambre Antonine Itinerary), Emmer (Ambra 9th) and Ammergau (Amber go 9th).
  4. David Mills (20 October 2011). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. OUP Oxford. pp. 12–. ISBN 978-0-19-960908-6.
  5. Ordnance Survey (2003). Buxton & Matlock. OS Landranger Map Series. Ordnance Survey. ISBN 9780319228463.

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