Ringwood, New Jersey
|Ringwood, New Jersey|
|Borough of Ringwood|
Map of Ringwood in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Ringwood, New Jersey
|Coordinates: 41°06′14″N 74°16′16″W / 41.103963°N 74.271138°WCoordinates: 41°06′14″N 74°16′16″W / 41.103963°N 74.271138°W|
|Incorporated||March 22, 1918|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||John M. Speer (R, term ends December 31, 2016)|
|• Borough Manager||Scott Heck|
|• Clerk||Kelley Halewicz|
|• Total||28.173 sq mi (72.966 km2)|
|• Land||25.211 sq mi (65.295 km2)|
|• Water||2.962 sq mi (7.671 km2) 10.51%|
96th of 566 in state|
2nd of 16 in county
|Elevation||282 ft (86 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||12,448|
199th of 566 in state|
8th of 16 in county
|• Density||485.0/sq mi (187.3/km2)|
|• Density rank||
445th of 566 in state|
15th of 16 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||973 exchange: 962|
|GNIS feature ID||0885370|
Ringwood is a borough in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 12,228, reflecting a decrease of 168 (-1.4%) from the 12,396 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 227 (-1.8%) from the 12,623 counted in the 1990 Census.
The Borough of Ringwood was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1918, from a "portion of the Township of Pompton", as one of three boroughs formed from Pompton Township, joining Bloomingdale and Wanaque, based on the results of a referendum held on March 22, 1918. The first organizational meeting of the Borough Council took place in the existing Borough Hall on May 6, 1918. The borough was named for an iron mining company in the area.
The Lenape, an Algonquian language-speaking tribe of Native Americans who occupied much of the mid-Atlantic coastal areas and the interior mountains including along the Delaware River resided in the area of present-day Ringwood when Europeans first entered the area. Some retreated to the mountains to escape colonial encroachment.
Colonists called the local band the Ramapough, and named the Ramapo River and other regional features after them. Their descendants and Afro-Dutch migrants from New York were among the people who formed the multiracial group known as the Ramapough Mountain Indians, recognized in 1980 as a Native American tribe by the state of New Jersey, though the federal government has denied their application for formal recognition.
Early in the 18th century, colonists discovered iron in the area. The Ogden family built a blast furnace in Ringwood in 1742. By 1765, Peter Hasenclever used Ringwood as the center of his ironmaking operations, which included 150,000 acres (610 km2) in New Jersey, New York and Nova Scotia. Iron mining was prominent in the area from the 18th century until the Great Depression, and iron shafts and pits, landfills and other elements still exist. The London, Roomy, Peters and Hope mines were all originally opened by Peter Hasenclever's London Company.
A number of well-known ironmasters owned and lived at Ringwood Manor from the 1740s to the late 19th century. During the American Revolutionary War, Robert Erskine managed ironmaking operations from Ringwood, and became George Washington's first geographer and Surveyor-General, producing maps for the Continental Army. Washington visited the Manor House several times. Ringwood iron was used in the famous Hudson River Chain, and for tools and hardware for the army. One of the Manor's last owners was Abram S. Hewitt, ironmaster, educator, lawyer, U.S. Congressman, and Mayor of New York City. The Manor is part of a National Historic Landmark District.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 28.173 square miles (72.966 km2), including 25.211 square miles (65.295 km2) of land and 2.962 square miles (7.671 km2) of water (10.51%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Brushwood Pond, Cupsaw Lake, Conklintown, Erskine, Harrison Mt. Lake, Lake Erskine, Monks, Negro Pond, Sheppard Pond, Stonetown, Upper Lake and Weyble Pond.
The borough borders Bloomingdale, Wanaque and West Milford in Passaic County; Mahwah and Oakland in Bergen County; Tuxedo and Warwick in Orange County, New York; and Ramapo in Rockland County, New York.
|Climate data for Ringwood, New Jersey|
|Average high °F (°C)|| 36
|Average low °F (°C)|| 19
|Average precipitation inches (mm)|| 3.11
|Population sources: 1920|
The 2010 United States Census counted 12,228 people, 4,182 households, and 3,413 families residing in the borough. The population density was 485.0 per square mile (187.3/km2). The borough contained 4,331 housing units at an average density of 171.8 per square mile (66.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.58% (11,321) White, 1.36% (166) Black or African American, 1.24% (152) Native American, 1.74% (213) Asian, 0.02% (2) Pacific Islander, 1.18% (144) from other races, and 1.88% (230) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.78% (707) of the population.
Out of a total of 4,182 households, 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the borough, 24.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.1 years. For every 100 females the census counted 100.3 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 97.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $109,139 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,896) and the median family income was $117,793 (+/- $9,712). Males had a median income of $70,086 (+/- $9,303) versus $54,397 (+/- $6,682) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $39,931 (+/- $2,197). Estimates of families and population below the poverty line were not available.
Same-sex couples headed 37 households in 2010, an increase from the 26 counted in 2000.
As of the 2000 United States Census there are 12,396 people, 4,108 households, and 3,446 families residing in the borough. The population density is 491.0 people per square mile (189.5/km2). There are 4,221 housing units at an average density of 167.2 per square mile (64.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough is 93.87% White, 1.61% African American, 1.44% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 4.25% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 4,108 households out of which 42.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.5% are married couples living together, 7.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 16.1% are non-families. 12.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 3.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.00 and the average family size is 3.28.
In the borough the population is spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough is $81,636, and the median income for a family is $85,108. Males have a median income of $60,097 versus $36,005 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $31,341. 2.8% of the population and 2.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 2.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Law and government
Ringwood operates within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Council-Manager form of municipal government Plan E, implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of January 1, 1979. The borough is governed by a seven-member Borough Council whose members are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either three or four seats coming up for election every other year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the council selects a Mayor and a deputy mayor from among its members.
As of 2016, members of the Ringwood Borough Council are Mayor Walter J. Davison, Jr. (R, term on council ends December 31, 2019; term as mayor ends 2016), Deputy Mayor John M. Speer (R, term on council ends 2019; term as deputy mayor ends 2016), Donna S. Anderson (R, 2017), William E. Marsala (R, 2017), James R. Martocci (R, 2019), Sean T. Noonan (R, 2019) and Linda M. Schaefer (R, 2017).
Federal, state and county representation
Ringwood is located in the 5th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 39th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Ringwood had been in the 40th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 39th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Gerald Cardinale (R, Demarest) and in the General Assembly by Holly Schepisi (R, River Vale) and Robert Auth (R, Old Tappan). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to staggered three-year terms office on a partisan basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At a reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members to serve for a one-year term. As of 2015, Passaic County's Freeholders are John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Theodore O. Best, Jr. (D, 2017; Paterson), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2016; West Milford), and Pat Lepore (D, 2016; Woodland Park). The last seat, vacated by Hector Lora who resigned to become mayor of Passaic, is still up for discussion as of December 2016. Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (R, 2019), Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik (2016) and Surrogate Bernice Toledo (2016).
In 2004, the New Jersey Legislature passed the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act, which regulates the New Jersey Highlands region. Ringwood was included in the highlands preservation area and is subject to the rules of the act and the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Council, a division of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. All of the territory in the protected region is classified as being in the highlands preservation area, and thus subject to additional rules.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 8,676 registered voters in Ringwood, of which 1,733 (20.0% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,714 (31.3% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 4,225 (48.7% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 71.0% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 94.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 53.9% of the vote (3,411 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 45.0% (2,845 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (68 votes), among the 6,359 ballots cast by the borough's 8,936 registered voters (35 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 71.2%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 3,667 votes (52.5% vs. 37.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 3,146 votes (45.0% vs. 58.8%) and other candidates with 68 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 6,985 ballots cast by the borough's 8,922 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.3% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 3,636 votes (54.7% vs. 42.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 2,897 votes (43.6% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 46 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 6,647 ballots cast by the borough's 8,372 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.4% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.8% of the vote (2,531 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 33.6% (1,313 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (61 votes), among the 3,957 ballots cast by the borough's 9,014 registered voters (52 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 43.9%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 2,573 votes (55.9% vs. 43.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,714 votes (37.2% vs. 50.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 236 votes (5.1% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 50 votes (1.1% vs. 0.9%), among the 4,606 ballots cast by the borough's 8,696 registered voters, yielding a 53.0% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
Ringwood is serviced by a volunteer ambulance corps and three volunteer fire companies, with each fire company covering one section of the borough. The Erskine Lakes Fire Company covers Erskine Lakes, and Cupsaw Lake. Ringwood Volunteer Fire Company #1 (Stonetown) covers Stonetown. and Skyline Lake Fire Department covers Skyline Lake area.
Students in Kindergarten through eighth grade are served by the Ringwood Public School District. As of the 2013-14 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,218 students and 96.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.6:1. Schools in the district (with 2013-14 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Peter Cooper Elementary School (grades K-3; 258 students), Robert Erskine Elementary School (K-3; 244), Eleanor G. Hewitt Intermediate School (4-5; 282) and Martin J. Ryerson Middle School (6-8; 434).
Ringwood's public schools are supported in part with grants from the Ringwood Educational Foundation, a not-for-profit organization which sponsors, among other things, the annual Shepherd Lake 5K run.
Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Lakeland Regional High School in Wanaque, which serves students from the Boroughs of Ringwood and Wanaque. As of the 2013-14 school year, the school had an enrollment of 1,007 students and 91.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1.
Private schools include St. Catherine of Bologna School, a regional Roman Catholic parochial school that serves kindergarteners through eighth grade, with part-time or full-time pre-school and pre-Kindergarten sessions, operating under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Ringwood Christian School, which was founded in 1973 through the Ringwood Baptist Church, serves 80 students in Kindergarten through eighth grade, with part-time sessions available for pre-schoolers.
Depending on where they live, Ringwood residents may be eligible to join one of several private lake communities: assorted lakes in Stonetown, Cupsaw Lake, Erskine Lakes or Skyline Lakes, each of which have annual fees and initiation fees.
Each year on the third Saturday in March, Ringwood holds its annual St. Patrick's Day Parade, the only such parade in Passaic County. Since 1990, the Parade Committee selects a grand marshal and a Citizen of the Year. These chosen outstanding citizens of the community are honored at a Unity Breakfast that precedes the parade. The parade includes bagpipe bands, floats, Irish step dancers, the county sheriff's department with their equestrian unit, local police, and fire and ambulance departments. Other marchers include Girl Scout and Boy Scout troops, local school groups and other recreational teams. The parade ends at the St. Catherine of Bologna Church Parish Center, where the celebration continues with live music and entertainment.
Roads and highways
Skyline Drive connects Ringwood and Oakland through Ringwood State Park. There are no state, U.S., or Interstate highways in Ringwood, but I-287 is accessible via Skyline Drive in neighboring Oakland. In June 2013, the first traffic light was installed in Ringwood, at the intersection of Skyline Drive and Erskine Road, though the borough still has no sidewalks or street lights.
New Jersey Transit bus transportation is available at the Ringwood Park and Ride, located adjacent to Ringwood Public Library. The 196 offers express bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, while the 197 route offers local service, including to the Willowbrook Mall and Willowbrook Park and Ride.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ringwood include:
- Robert Erskine (1735–1780), a Scottish inventor and later an American officer in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.
- Carol Habben (1933-1997), center fielder and backup catcher who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
- Wayne Mann, leader of the Ramapough Mountain Indians and lead participant of 600-person mass tort suit against Ford Motor Company for environmental contamination of the Ringwood Mines landfill site.
- George Martin (born 1953), former defensive end for the New York Giants.
- John Dyneley Prince (1868-1945), linguist, diplomat, and politician who was a professor at New York University and Columbia University, minister to Denmark and Yugoslavia, and leader of both houses of the New Jersey Legislature.
- Sonia Rosado, former member of the Passaic County Board of Chosen Freeholders.
- Darren Soto (born 1978), member of the Florida House, then the Florida Senate, and congressman-elect from Orlando, Florida.
- Francis Lynde Stetson (1846–1920), lawyer and designer of the Botanical Gardens at Skylands Manor.
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- Robert Erskine Elementary School, Ringwood Public School District. Accessed September 30, 2014.
- Eleanor G. Hewitt Intermediate School, Ringwood Public School District. Accessed September 30, 2014.
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- About, Cupsaw Lake. Accessed November 3, 2013. "Cupsaw Lake is a 65-acre freshwater lake in Ringwood, New Jersey. As a home owner in the Cupsaw Lake area of Ringwood, you may join the Cupsaw Lake Improvement Association (CLIA) for all the benefits of lake community membership."
- Home Page, Erskine Lakes Property Owners Association. Accessed November 3, 2013.
- Membership Information, Skyline Lakes Property Owners Association. Accessed November 3, 2013.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "LIVING IN/Ringwood, N.J.; An Oasis Within Commuting Distance", The New York Times, August 1, 2004. Accessed November 3, 2013. "Much of the housing is concentrated around four private lakes -- Cupsaw, Erskine, Skyline and Riconda -- that were created by the Ringwood Company in the 1920's and 1930's to promote the borough as a hunting and fishing retreat and a summer resort. Today, each of those lakes is the core of a private beach club for the surrounding homes."
- Edmond, Teresa. "Ringwood's St. Patrick's Day Parade set for Saturday, March 26", Suburban Trends, March 23, 2011. Accessed May 17, 2011. "The Ringwood St. Patrick's Day Parade bears the distinction of being the only St. Patrick's Day Parade in Passaic County."
- Passaic County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 3, 2013.
- Green, Jeff. "Nudge from a nun, rush-hour realities lead to Ringwood's first traffic light", The Record (Bergen County), April 18, 2013. Accessed November 3, 2013. "Several years ago, Sister Matthew Cola regularly showed up at Borough Council meetings with a clear, consistent message: Put up a traffic light at Skyline Drive and Erskine Road, or someone's eventually going to be killed there.... Passaic County is installing a traffic light, the borough's first, at the intersection that officials say will reduce safety concerns and painfully slow evening rush hour traffic."
- Passaic County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed March 14, 2012.
- Passaic County System Map, New Jersey Transit. Accessed August 16, 2015.
- Erskine Family, 1771-1807(?), Ringwood Manor. Accessed June 22, 2008.
- Mumma, Christopher. "Carol Habben, Ex-Ballplayer -- Ringwood Resident Was In Women's League During WWII", The Record (Bergen County), January 13, 1997. Accessed September 20, 2014.
- Staff. "Ringwood's Wayne Mann to be recognized as a 'Hero'", The Record (Bergen County), June 18, 2010. Accessed July 17, 2012. "A leader of the Ramapough Mountain Indian community in Upper Ringwood, Mann led his neighbors in a fight to get Ford Motor Co. to clean up his neighborhood after it dumped industrial waste there 40 years ago."
- Sturken, Barbara. "Off the Field, Giants Call New Jersey Home", The New York Times, March 31, 1991. Accessed March 14, 2012. "George Martin is another Giants alumnus who calls New Jersey home. Mr. Martin, the former Giants team captain, is in an M.B.A. program at Fairleigh Dickinson, where he helped develop the degree program for the players. He also commutes from his Ringwood home to a job as vice president of Tana Graphics, a printing company in New York City."
- Scannell, John James; and Sackett, William Edgar. Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens: Biographies and Portraits of the Notable Living Men and Women of New Jersey, with Informing Glimpses Into the State's History and Affairs - Volume 2, p. 374. J.J. Scannell, 1919. Accessed September 22, 2015. "JOHN DYNELEY PRINCE Ringwood Manor"
- Sonia Rosado biography, Passaic County, New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 6, 2008. Accessed January 15, 2013. "Sonia and her husband, Angel, have been married for thirty-one years and they now reside in the Borough of Ringwood."
- Representative Darren Soto, Florida House of Representatives. Accessed April 15, 2015. "Born: February 25, 1978, Ringwood, NJ."
- "Historical Sites in New Jersey", The New York Times, September 30, 2007. Accessed October 29, 2007. "SKYLANDS MANOR AND STATE BOTANICAL GARDEN Ringwood State Park, Ringwood.... The gardens were designed under the direction of Francis Lynde Stetson, owner of Skylands from 1891 to 1922."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ringwood, New Jersey.|
- Ringwood Borough website
- Ringwood Chamber of Commerce
- Ringwood Public Schools
- Lakeland Regional High School
- Ringwood Public Schools's 2014–15 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Ringwood Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Ringwood Fire Company #1
- Ringwood Public Library
- Ringwood Manor History
- Ringwood Manor Association of the Arts
- Peters Mine from Ringwood. Slide show and rare shots of the mining operation, courtesy www.ironminers.com
- Plein Air Painters of the New Jersey Highlands
- Historical Mines of Ringwood New Jersey
- Abandoned mines of Ringwood & the NJ Highlands.
- Highlands Natural Pool, Community swimming pool.
- Skyline Lake Volunteer Fire Department, Ringwood New Jersey
- Ringwood Ambulance Corps
- Skyline Lakes Property Owners Association-SPLOA
- Ringwood Boro Volunteer Fire Company #1 - Stonetown
- Skyline Lake Fire Department
- Erskine Lakes Volunteer Fire Company #1
- Snake Den Road, Local community web site.
- Cupsaw Lake Improvement Association
- Erksine Lakes Property Owners Association
- Skyline Lakes Property Owners Association
- Cub Scout Pack 96
- Cub Scout Pack 140
- Boy Scout Troop 76
- Erskine Lakes Aquatic Club
- Ringwood Farmers' Market