Polish parliamentary election, 1997

Polish parliamentary election, 1997
21 September 1997

All 460 seats in the Sejm
231 seats were needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats in the Senate
Turnout 47.9%
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Jerzy Buzek Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz Leszek Balcerowicz
Leader since Candidate for PM Candidate for PM April 2005
Leader's seat Gliwice Białystok Katowice
Last election Did not exist 171 seats, 20.4% 74 seats, 14.6%*
Seats won 201 164 60
Seat change Increase 201 Decrease 7 Decrease 14
Popular vote 4,427,373 3,551,224 1,749,518
Percentage 33.8% 27.1% 13.4%
Swing Increase 33.8% Increase 6.7% Decrease 1.2%*

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Waldemar Pawlak Jan Olszewski Ryszard Bugaj
Leader since 29 June 1991 18 November 1995 1992
Leader's seat Płock Warsaw Warsaw
Last election 132 seats, 15.4% Did not exist 41 seats, 7.3%
Seats won 27 6 0
Seat change Decrease 105 Increase 6 Decrease 41
Popular vote 956,184 727,072 620,611
Percentage 7.3% 5.6% 4.7%
Swing Decrease 8.1% Increase 5.6% Decrease 2.6%

  Seventh party
Leader Henryk Kroll
Party MN
Leader since 1991
Leader's seat Opole
Last election 4 seats, 0.7%
Seats won 2
Seat change Decrease 2
Popular vote 51,027
Percentage 0.4%
Swing Decrease0.3%

Voivodeships with winning majority

– Solidarity Electoral Action – Democratic Left Alliance

*As the sum of the UW's constituent parties, the Democratic Union and the Liberal Democratic Congress.

Prime Minister before election

Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz

New Prime Minister

Jerzy Buzek

Parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 21 September 1997.[1] In the Sejm elections, 47.93% of citizens cast their votes, 96.12% of which were counted as valid. In the Senate elections, 46.92% of citizens cast their votes, 97.82% of which were valid.

The election was won by the liberal conservative party Solidarity Electoral Action. It formed a coalition with the Freedom Union, a liberal party. The election was a major setback for the Democratic Left Alliance and the Polish People's Party who were forced out of government.


Party Sejm Senate
Votes % Seats +/– Votes % Seats +/–
Solidarity Electoral Action4,427,37333.8201New6,550,17649.251New
Democratic Left Alliance3,551,22427.1164–76,091,72145.728–9
Freedom Union1,749,51813.460–142,943,52722.18+4
Polish People's Party956,1847.327–1051,819,17613.73–33
Movement for Reconstruction of Poland727,0725.66New2,553,25219.25New
Labour Union620,6114.70–41520,1303.900
National Party of Retirees and Pensioners284,8262.20New1,112,1298.40New
Real Politics Union266,3172.000550,2544.100
National Party of Retirees and Pensioners–Polish Republic212,8261.60New
National Christian Bloc for Poland178,3951.40New
German Minority TS-KNSO51,0270.42–4
Słowiańska MN RP-Prawosławni13,6320.10
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland10,0730.100
Polska Wspólnota Narodowa PSN8,5900.10
MN "Pojednanie i Przyszlość"3,6630.00
MN Województwa Olsztyńskiego1,7290.00
Niezależna i bezpartyjna9240.00
Sojusz Ludzi "Polska, Praca, Sprawiedliwość"7030.00
Stow. MN Województwa Elbląskiego6140.00
Local lists3,804,08428.65–5
Invalid/blank votes528,147269,149
Registered voters/turnout28,409,05447.928,409,05447.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

a Towarzystwo Społeczno-Kulturalne Niemców Województwa Katowickiego

b Towarzystwo Społeczno-Kulturalne Niemców Województwa Częstochowskiego


  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1491 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
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