CentrO-Park in Oberhausen
|Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°ECoordinates: 51°29′48″N 06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E|
|District||Urban districts of Germany|
|• Lord Mayor||Klaus Wehling (SPD)|
|• Total||77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Website||City of Oberhausen (de)|
Oberhausen (German pronunciation: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzən]) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg (c. (12 km or 7.5 mi)) and Essen (c. (13 km or 8.1 mi)). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage. The city's Sea Life Centre was home to Paul the Octopus.
Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Castle Oberhausen (German: Schloss Oberhausen). The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten") was a bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, and the US Forces had reached the plant by 4 April 1945.
In 1973 Thyssen employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6000.
The age breakdown of the population (2013) is:
- Gasometer Oberhausen, a huge fuel–gas holder, which has been converted into exhibition space
- Ludwiggalerie in the Castle Oberhausen
- "Neue Mitte" with CentrO shopping mall, Sea Life aquarium, LEGOLAND Discovery centre, König Pilsener Arena, and CentrO.park, an amusement park
- OLGA-Park, a landscaped garden in Osterfeld created for a horticultural show
- Rheinisches Industriemuseum (English: Rhineland Industrial Museum)
- The memorial shrine of Paul the Octopus in the Oberhausen Sea Life Centre, who predicted national football match winners by choosing between two food boxes labelled with flags
- Castle Oberhausen as seen from the Gasometer
- Castle Vondern
- Kastell Holten
- Old market
Twin towns – Sister cities
Oberhausen is twinned with:
- Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, since 1974
- Zaporizhia, Ukraine, since 1986
- Freital, Germany, since 1990
- Carbonia, Italy, since 2002
- Iglesias, Italy, since 2002
- Mersin, Turkey, since 2004
Sons and daughters of the town
Born before 1935
- Georg Schaltenbrand (1897–1979), author, neurologist and Multiple Sclerosis specialist
- Reni Erkens (1909–1987), swimmer, Summer Olympics 1928
- Wilhelm Brinkmann (1910–1991), field handball player
- Erich Kempka (1910–1975), SS-officer and Adolf Hitler's driver
- Werner Töniges (1910–1995), naval officer
- Willy Jürissen (1912–1990), German national football team
- Édouard Wawrzyniak (1912–1991), French national football team
- Will Quadflieg (1914–2003), actor
- Alf Marholm (1918–2006), actor, radio plays, audio books and voice
- Arnulf Zitelmann (born 1929), writer
- Paul Lange (1931–2016), kayaker, Olympic champion
- Karl-Heinz Feldkamp (born 1934), soccer player and trainer
- Hans Wagner (1934–1993), politician (CDU), member of parliament (North Rhine-Westphalia)
- Wilhelm Keim (born 1934), chemist and professor for technical chemistry
Born after 1935
- Theo Vennemann (born 1937), linguist and professor of German and theoretical linguistics
- Hans Siemensmeyer (born 1940), football player and coach
- Wolf-Dieter Ahlenfelder (1944–2014), football referee
- Tilman Spengler (born 1947), writer and journalist, author and co-editor of the magazine Kursbuch
- Eckhard Stratmann-Mertens (born 1948), teacher and politician (Alliance '90 / The Greens), Member of Bundestag
- Ditmar Jakobs (born 1953), football player
- Willi Wülbeck (born 1954), athlete
- Michael Grosse-Brömer (born 1960), politician (CDU), Member of Bundestag
- Christoph Schlingensief (1960–2010), film and theater director, radio play writer and performance artist
- Dirk Balthaus (born 1965), jazz pianist and composer
- Esther Schweins (born 1970), actress and comedian
- Markus Feldhoff (born 1974), football player
- Mark Kleinschmidt (born 1974), rower
- "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.
- Powell, A.R. (9–10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Retrieved 25 March 2009.
- John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.
- "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen" (PDF). Stadt Oberhausen.
- "Oberhausen – statistik.arbeitsagentur.de". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
- "Ratsangelegenheiten: Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen" (in German). Büro für Interkultur, Stadt Oberhausen. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- "Town Twinning". Middlesbrough Council. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Oberhausen.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oberhausen.|