Nova Bus LF Series
|Low Floor Series|
MTA NovaBus LFS demo
Saint-Eustache, Quebec |
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||Single-decker rigid bus/Single-decker articulated bus|
|Doors||2 doors (rigid), 3 doors (articulated), 1 door (Suburban/Shuttle)|
|Floor type||Semi low-floor|
Cummins ULSD ISL 8.9L 280hp |
Cummins ULSD ISL 8.9L 330hp
Cummins Hybrid ISB 6.7L 280hp
Cummins Hybrid ISL 8.9L 330hp
Allison (B400R, B500R, H 40 EP - Hybrid, H 50 EP - Hybrid) |
ZF (EcoLife 6 speed)
Voith D864.5E 4 speed
244 in (6.20 m) - 40' |
497 in (12.62 m) (Front-Mid 244 in (6.20 m) mad Mid-Rear 253 in (6.43 m)) - 62'
40 ft (12.19 m) |
62 ft (18.90 m) - articulated
|Width||102 in (2.59 m)|
124 in (3.15 m) - ULSD |
128 in (3.25 m) - Hybrid (with AC)
|Predecessor||Rapid Transit Series (after 2003)|
The Low Floor Series (LFS) bus is a series of transit buses manufactured by NovaBus for North American customers. After taking over the former GM bus plant in St Eustache, Quebec, from MCI in 1993, Novabus management was invited by the Quebec government to design and produce a low-floor bus similar to a current trend on the European transit market. Novabus chose to adapt the Dutch Den Oudsten Alliance low floor bus for the North American market. A demo bus along with some engineering staff were sent from Holland; however by 1994 Den Oudsten was in financial trouble and was not able to further collaborate with Novabus which in turn had to design a low-floor bus from scratch. It is worth noting that the limited engineering staff that was acquired by Novabus along with the bus plant had never designed a complete bus; the Classic was an updated version of the GM New Look bus, which had been designed by General Motors in the late 1950s.
The first prototype was shown at the APTA show in Boston, fall 1994; full development postponed production until 1996.
In parallel Detroit Diesel had announced that 1994 would be the end of the road for its two stroke diesel engines that had traditionally provided power for North American transit buses since the 50's; the two stroke technology could just not be made to complete with new EPA regulations. While Novabus initial plan was to introduce the low-floor LFS while maintaining the lower cost Classic in production, the initial release of the Cummins powered Classic "T-Drive" in 1995 was underdeveloped and plagued with severe reliability problems. A decision was made to concentrate development resources on the new LFS and to stop producing the Classic as soon as the LFS was in full production.
These events canceled the initial plan to produce a pilot run of 80 LFS to be put in revenue service in 4 major Quebec transit properties, then gather reliability and service data to further refine the design before entering serial production. By the time the first LFS (STCUM 16-004) entered revenue service at the end of 1996, about 400 LFS were already built, awaiting acceptance from the same Quebec properties. Again, these early LFS were plagued with reliability and serviceability problems; but unlike the Cummins powered Classics, the problems were all over the bus and not concentrated on the drivetrain.
The current LF is offered in seven models:
|LFS||40-foot (12.19 m)||standard transit bus|
|LFS Articulated||60-foot (18.29 m)||articulated|
|LFX||40-foot (12.19 m)||Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)|
|LFX Articulated||62-foot (18.90 m)||articulated BRT|
|LFS Smartbus||40-foot (12.19 m)||standard transit bus with electric cooling|
|LFS Smartbus Articulated||62-foot (18.90 m)||articulated transit bus with electric cooling|
|LFS HEV||40-foot (12.19 m)||Hybrid Electric Vehicle|
|LFS HEV Articulated||62-foot (18.90 m)||articulated Hybrid Electric Vehicle|
|LFS CNG||40-foot (12.19 m)||CNG transit bus|
LFS Shuttle and LFS Suburban are variants outside of the regular products offered. In addition, Nova Bus is working on an electric variant with multiple power source options. CNG articulated buses are not offered.
1st generation 1995-2000
Mild steel space frame construction up to early 1998 then stainless steel; full low floor layout with sloped floor over rear axle; Cummins C8.3 mechanical injection engine, 250 hp (no AC) or 280 hp (with AC) (Detroit Series 40 optional for a brief period); initially Allison B300/B400 transmission only, after 1996 ZF 5HP500 optional. ZF RL-85 front axle with Knorr disc brakes; AV131 rear axle with Perrot drum brakes (Meritor axles with drum brakes optional).
2nd generation 2001-2006
Stainless steel space frame construction; full low floor layout with sloped floor over rear axle with optional raised platform with steps at the rear; mild revision of rear end styling; Cummins ISC electronic injection engine (2001-2004) replaced by ISL mid-2004. Allison B300/B400 or ZF 5HP552C transmission; rear axle now AV132. Dinex multiplex electrical system.
2 1⁄2nd generation 2007-2009 (March)
Stainless steel space frame construction; semi low floor layout with steps at the rear; Cummins ISL engine; Allison B300/B400, ZF 5HP552/554 transmission or Voith D864.3E or Voith D864.5E transmission; Allison hybrid drive available; Knorr disc brakes now on both axles; multiplex system Volvo VBEA.
3rd generation 2009-2012
Engine moved from its lateral location to the centerline of the bus in a "T-drive" arrangement; cooling system moved to the roof of the bus (this change made necessary by the bulky smog control equipment). Transmissions now Allison/ZF Ecolife/Voith D864.5. Floor boards changed from plywood to synthetic honeycomb. Most units delivered with a rear window.
4th generation 2013-
New interior design; change from hydraulic to electric cooling fans. BAE Hybridrive available from May 2014. Most units delivered without a rear window.
introduced in production April 2009 with same technology as above. 330 hp engine rating, Allison hybrid available from 2014. Hubner electro-hydraulic articulation.
2008-2012 or 2013?
2006- hybrid version, as above
(LFS 40') 2005-
- MTA LFX 60' articulated demonstrator
- MTA LFS 60' articulated
- Bus interior of a 2012 STLévis Nova Bus LFS
- Driver's position of a 2012 Nova Bus LFS
- TTC Side view of the 3rd Gen LFS Articulated demo
- MTA 40' LFS
- 40' LFS Shuttle
- New TTC LFS 40' buses
- A 3rd generation LFS 60' articulated with the rear cooling system at the top and no rear window owned by the TTC.
- A TTC 4th generation LFS 60' articulated with no rear cooling system or rear window
- A 4th generation YRT LFS bus with a rear window
- Two MTA LFS buses, followed by a LFS Artic, in Flushing, Queens, NYC.
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