Nguyễn Phú Trọng

Nguyễn Phú Trọng
General Secretary of the Communist Party
Assumed office
19 January 2011
President Trương Tấn Sang
Trần Đại Quang
Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Preceded by Nông Đức Mạnh
Secretary of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party
Assumed office
19 January 2011
Deputy Phùng Quang Thanh
Preceded by Nông Đức Mạnh
Chairman of the National Assembly
In office
26 June 2006  23 July 2011
Preceded by Nguyễn Văn An
Succeeded by Nguyễn Sinh Hùng
Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee
In office
January 2000  26 June 2006
Preceded by Lê Xuân Tùng
Succeeded by Phạm Quang Nghị
Personal details
Born (1944-04-14) 14 April 1944
Hanoi, French Indochina
(now Vietnam)
Political party Communist Party
Alma mater University of Hanoi
National Academy of Public Administration
Russian Academy of Sciences

Nguyễn Phú Trọng (born 14 April 1944) is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, elected at the party's 11th National Congress on 19 January 2011[1][2][3][4] and re-elected at the 12th National Congress in 2016. Trong heads the party's Secretariat,[5][6][7] and is the Secretary of the Central Military Commission,[8][9] in addition to being the de facto head of the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Vietnam, which currently makes him the most powerful person in Vietnam.[10]


Trọng was born in Đông Hội Commune, Đông Anh District, Hanoi. His official biography gives his family background only as "poor peasant".[11] He studied philology at Vietnam National University, Hanoi from 1963 to 1967. Trọng officially joined the Communist Party in December 1968. He worked for the Tạp chí Cộng Sản (Communist Review), the theoretical and political agency of the Communist Party of Vietnam (formerly the "Labor Party"), in the periods of 1967–73, 1976–80, and 1983–96. From 1991 to 1996, he served as the editor-in-chief of the Tạp chí Cộng Sản.

Trọng went to the Soviet Union in 1981 to study at the Academy of Social Sciences and received a Candidate of Sciences degree in history in 1983. In 1998, Trọng entered the party section devoted to political work, making him one of the most prominent Vietnamese political theoreticians, heading the CPVCC's Theoretical Council in charge of the Party's theoretical work from 2001 to 2006.

Trọng has been member of the Party's Central Committee since January 1994, member of the Party's Political Bureau since December 1997, and deputy to the National Assembly since May 2002. From January 2000 to June 2006, Trọng was secretary of the Party's Executive Committee of Hanoi, the de facto head of the city authority. On 26 June 2006, Trọng was elected as the Chairman of the National Assembly.[12] During this period he was elected secretary of the Party organization in the Assembly and member of the Council for Defence and Security.

General Secretary

Trong was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party in 2011. The 5th plenum of the 11th Central Committee decided to take the Central Steering Committee for Anti-Corruption away from the prime minister’s control, and Nguyễn Phú Trọng was elected its head.[13][14]

On 27 January 2016, Trong was re-elected as General Secretary of the 12th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the first conference of the committee.[15] At 71 years old, he is the 12th Committee's oldest member. For this term Trong is ranked number one in the politburo, marking a return to normality.



  1. Vietnam: Foreign Policy and Government Guide International Business Publications, USA. – 2007– Page 8 "General Secretary Nông Ðức Mạnh – President Nguyễn Minh Triết – Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng – National Assembly Chairman Nguyễn Phú Trọng"
  2. "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party Chief", Vietnam News Agency, 19 January 2011.
  3. "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party General Secretary", Nhan Dan, 19 January 2011.
  4. "Party Congress announces CPVCC Politburo members", VGP News, 19 January 2011
  5. "Party leader Trong announces Central Committee Secretariat", Viet Nam News, 10 February 2011.
  6. "11th CPVCC Secretariat members named", Vietnam News Agency, 9 February 2011.
  7. (Vietnamese) "Ban Chấp hành trung ương, Bộ Chính trị, Ban Bí thư, Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam, 25 January 2011.
  8. (Vietnamese) "Tổ chức trọng thể lễ tang Thượng tướng Nguyễn Trọng Xuyên", VOV Online, 27 June 2012.
  9. "Tổng Bí thư dự Hội nghị quân chính toàn quân", VOV Online, 16 December 2011.
  10. (Vietnamese) "BBC News".
  11. "Biography of Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong", Vietnam News Agency, 19 January 2011
  12. "Vietnam confirms new leadership", BBC, 27 June 2006.
  13. (Vietnamese) "Tổng Bí thư sẽ làm Trưởng Ban Chỉ đạo phòng, chống tham nhũng", Pháp luật & Xã hội, 16 May 2012.
  14. "Party Central Committee's conference concludes", VOV Online, 15 May 2012.
  15. Xuxin, ed. (27 January 2016). "Nguyen Phu Trong re-elected as Vietnam's communist party chief". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nguyễn Phú Trọng.
Political offices
Preceded by
Nguyễn Văn An
Chairman of the National Assembly
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Sinh Hùng
Party political offices
Preceded by
Nông Đức Mạnh
General Secretary of the Communist Party
Secretary of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party
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