Javid Nama

The Javid Nama (Persian: جاوید نامہ), or Book of Eternity, is a Persian book of poetry written by Allama Muhammad Iqbal and published in 1932. It is considered to be one of the masterpieces of Iqbal. It is inspired by Dante's Divine Comedy, and just as Dante's guide was Virgil, Iqbal is guided by Moulana Rumi. Both of them visit different spheres in the heavens coming across different people. Iqbal uses the pseudonym Zinda Rud for himself in this book.

It was translated into English by Arthur J. Arberry and into German as Dschavidnma: Das Buch der Ewigkeit by Annemarie Schimmel and in Italian as Il poema Celeste by Alessandro Bausani. Schimmel also prepared a Turkish translation, Cevidname, based on her German edition.


In Javid Nama, Iqbal follows Ibn Arabi, Marri and Dante. Iqbal depicts himself as Zinda Rud (a stream, full of life) guided by Rumi the master, through various heavens and spheres and has the honour of approaching Divinity and coming in contact with divine illuminations. Several problems of life are discussed and answers are provided to them. It is an exceedingly enlivening study. His hand falls heavily on the traitors to their nation like Mir Jafar from Bengal and Mir Sadiq from the Deccan, who were instrumental in the defeat and death of Nawab Siraj-Ud-Daulah of Bengal and Tipu Sultan of Mysore respectively by betraying them for the benefit of the British. Thus, they delivered their country to the shackles of slavery. At the end, by addressing his son Javid, he speaks to the young people at large and provides guidance to the "new generation."[1]


  • Prayer
  • Prelude in Heaven
    • On the first day of creation Heaven rebukes Earth
    • Song of the Angels
  • Prelude on Earth
    • The Spirit of Rumi appears and explains the mystery of the Ascension
    • Zarvan: the Spirit of Time and Space, conducts the Traveler on his journey to the Supernatural World
    • Chant of the Stars
  • The Sphere of the Moon
    • An Indian ascetic, known to the people of India as Jahan-Dost
    • Nine sayings of the Indian sage
    • Epiphany of Sarosh
    • The Song of Sarosh
    • Departure for the Valley of Yarghamid, called by the Angels the Valley of Tawasin
    • Tasin Of Gautama
    • Tasin Of Zoroaster
    • Tasin Of Christ
    • Tasin Of Muhammad
  • The Sphere of Mercury
  • The Sphere of Venus
    • The assembly of the gods of the ancient peoples
    • Song of Baal
    • We plunge into the Sea of Venus and behold the spirits of Pharaoh and Kitchener
    • The Sudanese Dervish appear

  • The Sphere of Mars
    • The Martians
    • The Martian astronomer comes out of the observatory
    • Tour of the city of Marghadin
    • The Martian damsel who claimed to be a prophetess
    • Admonition of the Martian Prophetess
  • The Sphere of Jupiter
    • The noble spirits of Hallaj, Ghalib, and Qurrat al-Ain Tahira who disdained to dwell in Paradise, preferring to wander for ever
    • The Song of Hallaj
    • The Song of Ghalib
    • The Song of Tahira
    • Zinda-Rud propounds his problems to the great spirits
    • Iblis, Leader of the People of Separation, appears
    • Satan’s Lament
  • The Sphere of Saturn
    • The vile spirits which have betrayed the nation and have been rejected by Hell
    • The Sea of Blood
    • The Spirit of India appears
    • The Spirit of India laments
    • The lament of one of the skiff-riders of the Sea of Blood
  • Beyond the Spheres
    • The station of the German philosopher Nietzsche
    • Departure for the Garden of Paradise
    • The Palace of Sharaf al-Nisa
    • Visitation to His Highness Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani and Mulla Tahir Ghani of Kashmir
    • In the presence of Shah-i Hamadan
    • Meeting with the Indian poet Bartari-Hari
    • Departure to the palace of the kings of the East, Nadir, Abdali, the Martyr - King
    • The spirit of Nasir-i Khusrau Alavi appears, sings an impassioned ghazal, and vanishes
    • Message of the Martyr-King to the River Cauvery
    • Zinda-Rud departs from Paradise: the Houris’ request
    • Ghazal of Zinda-Rud
    • The Divine Presence [2]

See also


  1. "Javid Nama". Iqbal Academy Pakistan. Translated by Arthur J. Arberry.
  2. "Iqbal's works". Iqbal Academy Pakistan.

External links

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