Hypothenar eminence

Hypothenar eminence

The mucous sheaths of the tendons on the front of the wrist and digits. (Hypothenar eminence labeled at center right.)

Transverse section across the wrist and digits. (Muscles of little finger labeled at upper right.)
Insertion 5th metacarpal and proximal phalynx
Artery ulnar artery
Nerve deep branch of ulnar nerve
Actions control movement of the 5th digit
Latin eminentia hypothenaris

Anatomical terms of muscle

The hypothenar muscles are a group of three muscles of the palm that control the motion of the little finger.

Carpal tunnel and thenar and hypothenar eminences

The three muscles are:[1]


The muscles of hypothenar eminence are from lateral to medial:

The intrinsic muscles of hand can be remembered using the mnemonic, "A OF A OF A" for, Abductor pollicis brevis, Opponens pollicis, Flexor pollicis brevis, Adductor pollicis (thenar muscles), Opponens digiti minimi, Flexor digiti minimi, Abductor digiti minimi (Hypothenar muscles).[2]

Clinical significance

"Hypothenar atrophy" is associated with the lesion of the ulnar nerve, which supplies the three hypothenar muscles.

Hypothenar hammer syndrome is a vascular occlusion of this region.[3]

See also


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