|Syracuse, New York|
|Slogan||See something different.|
|Owner||Syracuse University students|
|Former callsigns||Synapse, UUTV, HillTV|
CitrusTV is the completely student-run television studio of Syracuse University and the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse, New York. It was founded in 1970 and has around 350 student members.
The organization is not a station, network or channel and does not broadcast its own programming, except for online streaming. Instead, CitrusTV provides programming, both live and taped—primarily to its website, Time Warner Cable SportsNet and the Orange Television Network, which is the university-controlled station available in all campus buildings on channel 14.
For several years, the organization used "the oldest and largest entirely student-run television station in the nation" as its main slogan. Though this claim was disputed by Ithaca College Television in particular, CitrusTV still maintains that it is distinguished in this way because it is fully student-run and independent of the university's media college, unlike Ithaca College Television. Ithaca's organization explains that it shares equipment and resources with the college, unlike CitrusTV. Unlike Ithaca College Television, faculty and administration do not have day-to-day involvement with operations or production at CitrusTV. The slogan is no longer used.
Synapse era (1970–1977)
The organization was founded in 1970 as Synapse, an offshoot of the Syracuse University Light Work Community Darkrooms. Synapse operated as a student and community video center, working as an adjunct to the academic programs at Syracuse University. Synapse was conceived as a center for experimental video productions using the "portable" video equipment that was just becoming available in the early 1970s. By current standards, the "portable" equipment would be considered ludicrously heavy and bulky, and barely portable at all.
During these years there was continuing debate between those who favored more conventional approaches to programming and those who envisioned more experimental and creative approaches. In 1971, cables were run across the campus to various locations where students could watch the programming, including dormitory lounges, the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications, and the basement of the E.S. Bird Library. At its peak, the system had over 100 monitors able to receive the programming.
Early founding members included Carl Geiger and Bill Viola, who helped build the cable system. In 1972, Synapse began operating in Watson Hall. A color three-camera television studio was built. Visiting artists who recorded material at the studio included members of The Firesign Theatre. Operations were managed by Gail Waldron, Bob Burns and Lance Wisniewski. Synapse recorded music concerts and prominent speakers on campus. Synapse had a portable system which was used to record the feelings of inmates at Attica Prison following the Attica prison riot.
In 1973, Henry Baker organized remote coverage for Richard Nixon's second inauguration and the demonstrations in Washington. In 1974, wishing to expand its offerings, Synapse sought and received outside support from the New York State Council on the Arts. Artists in a visiting artists program visited Synapse and used the facilities for the production of video art pieces for several more years.
Other projects included Carl Geiger designing and building new electronic image making tools and producing an elaborate experiment called “Multi-Origination Dance Piece." Synapse maintained master edits and a tape collection with copies of works produced through the programs. They actively encouraged wide distribution of the produced work, especially broadcast.
In 1977, Synapse left Watson Theatre, leaving behind the color production studio and campus cable system. Synapse forged an association with the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications, with which it shared its production equipment and studio facilities, and continued one of its functions as an independent production house for experimental video, allowing access to the community and to video artists, as well as producing some of its own productions.
In 1981, SU had become dissatisfied with the curricular component of their relationship with Synapse. While executive director Henry Baker made a proposal that redefined the educational aspects of the Synapse Program, SU rejected the plan and elected to terminate the program. Synapse moved off campus and closed in November 1981.
UUTV era (1977–2004)
The color production studio and campus cable system were taken over by the largest student-run organization on campus, University Union, which also programmed film screenings, concerts, speakers, and later established a radio station, WERW (We are UU). The television station was reorganized as University Union Television, or UUTV. Though technically under the control of University Union, the station had its own management, which reported to those in charge of University Union as a separate "board." Despite of this oversight, the station usually ran autonomously. There was also a faculty advisor nominally responsible for oversight.
The station remained entirely run by students, who programmed the station and produced television programming in-house, including a nightly half-hour news program. UUTV also occasionally aired X-Rated films in the early 80s, largely to generate publicity. Early student productions included "Newswatch," (1977–1984), a comedy show which had a format almost identical to that of Comedy Central's "The Daily Show," which did not come on the air until the 1990s, though "Newswatch" was frankly derivative of the "Weekend Update" segment of "Saturday Night Live," which premiered in 1975. Several of the shows including Newswatch 'bicycled' their tapes over to Syracuse Cable TV, and had them aired on the cable TV system's Public-access television channel.
Another long-running show was "Null & Void," a sketch comedy show (somewhat of a replacement for "Newswatch") that ran almost 20 years, starting in January 1987; its premise of the programming at a fictional low-rent TV station was strongly influenced by SCTV. Another popular show during the years 1990–1992 was "Uncle Bobo's World of Fun" which included such colorful characters as Texas Bob Stone and Marty the Fishboy.
The station also continually broadcast a sports-talk show, and each semester ran "The Bio Answer Show," in which University biology professor Marvin Druger would broadcast the answers to that evening's biology exam, so that the large number of students taking the class would not have to wait several days to find out how they did on the test. "The Rhythm," a popular music video program created by undergrad Dawn Jordan featuring music and interviews from R&B, Rap, Reggae and Urban Contemporary artists, was another popular show during this era and added diversity to both the station's programming and the channel's production staff.
The station also programmed professionally produced television shows from television's past, such as "The Twilight Zone" and "Star Trek." Some of these were 16 millimeter films shown on the station's film chain. Though the films were rented from a local film library, the legality of showing them over the campus cable system was never clear. Many eybrows were raised when UUTV showed several recent theatrical releases even before HBO had screened them, including "Raiders of the Lost Ark." During this period, the station was on the air approximately seven hours per day, seven days per week.
In 1989, an organization called "U-Net," an association of college-based broadcasters, began showing some of UUTV's productions at various colleges around the nation, including "Null and Void." This led to a clip of "Null and Void" appearing on the national show "Entertainment Tonight."
During the early 90s, UUTV established a relationship with the Syracuse cable TV franchise that enabled nearly all UUTV programs to be aired on the City of Syracuse's cable system public-access channel. During this time, the public-access channel was happy to accept and air the UUTV programming as long as it complied with some rudimentary decency standards. There were a few shows that could not clear the decency hurdle, but for the most part, all of the UUTV programming eventually found its way on to public-access.
The nightly newscast (Campus 7 News) and the once-a-week morning show (Sun Up) both did this, along with most of the station's entertainment and sports programs. Campus 7 News was aired at 10 p.m. on the public-access channel, leading the show to be tagged by its producers as "Central New York's Only Prime-Time Newscast," which it was.
The arrangement with Syracuse's public-access channel quickly became the only remaining practical outlet to distribute UUTV programming. During this time, the campus' original closed-circuit TV network was generally not maintained by the university at even the most basic level. As all of the campus dorm rooms were re-wired for commercial cable TV, the campus closed-circuit TV network was pushed out of the doorm rooms and relegated to the "dorm lounge areas." It became logistically difficult for students to view the campus network. As TVs quickly became a standard fixture in every dorm room, students rarely watched TV in the dorm lounge areas, and the campus closed-circuit network faded into obscurity.
The demise of the campus' closed-circuit TV network did not dampen the enthusiasm of the students at UUTV. The organization continued to attract record numbers of students and regularly produced a full complement of news, sports and entertainment programs every semester. During this time, SU exercised almost zero oversight over the station, which empowered students to experiment, learn, have fun, and create any type of show their hearts desired. With the absence of university oversight, and no ratings to fret about, UUTV became a fertile ground for experimentation and learning. In some nominal sense, UUTV had returned to its Synapse roots.
Over the years, there was sporadic controversy about the station's funding. Some student government members thought that the student fee should not be funding educational opportunities for those students working at the station, and that UUTV's film programming was wasteful and duplicative of the UU Film Board's programming. Several times, the station was given a budget allocation of $0 during the annual student government budget hearings, yet with help from the larger UU organization, was always able to bounce back.
In 1999, UUTV's great grandparent, Light Works Community Darkrooms, re-entered UUTV's life in a most unexpected manner. SU announced that they had accepted a very substantial grant, which would further develop the photography program of Light Works Community Darkrooms. Unfortunately, Light Works was physically located directly next to the UUTV studios in the Watston Theater complex. Light Works was hungry to acquire the UUTV real estate for their upcoming expansion, and their newfound grant money provided the political and monetary support that they needed. SU administration was eager to accept the Light Works grant, and only nominally aware of UUTV's activities. Consequently, the original Watson Theater television studio was completely gutted to make room for the Light Works expansion. The UUTV studios and offices were moved down the hall and squeezed into a space that formerly housed the original UUTV offices and the independent student radio station, WJPZ. The Watson Theater complex was renamed the Robert B. Menschel Media Center, in recognition of the Light Works donor.
Though the UUTV studio and office spaces were now significantly smaller, the station did benefit from a new complement of production equipment that was purchased as part of the relocation. In effect, SU administration had forced UUTV (and WJPZ) to accept an implicit deal that traded real-estate for new equipment.
In the early 21st century, Internet distribution of UUTV programming became technologically practical, and the station found a new outlet to distribute their programming.
HillTV era (2004–2005)
In early 2004 UUTV, led by general manager Eric Fleming, split off the University Union, and became a separate student organization: HillTV. Later that year, the university trialed its Orange Television Network, which in a partnership with Time Warner Cable, gave the university two channels in residence hall and academic building cable systems. HillTV was allowed to broadcast some of its shows on the "Orange Television Network," which operates these channels. Ironically, it was rumored in The Daily Orange, SU's independent student newspaper, that UUTV would receive the channels that were eventually allocated to the "Orange Television Network". The "Orange Television Network" became permanent, and HillTV continued to provide some of its quality content.
Over the Hill Controversy
On October 18, 2005, The Daily Orange, SU's student newspaper, published a story about the content of one of HillTV's shows, Over the Hill. The show had several episodes online (some of which had also aired on the "Orange Television Network") that contained content that some people found offensive because of racial and ethnic jokes. These shows were brought to the attention of The Daily Orange by the producers of the show itself, who believed they were being treated unfairly by the station's management.
HillTV immediately removed the show's episodes from its Web site, and shortly afterwards issued an on-air apology. The controversy sparked a letter to the university community by Chancellor Nancy Cantor, and the story was also picked up by the Syracuse Post-Standard, local TV stations and the Associated Press.
On Oct. 20, in a greatly debated and controversial decision, Nancy Cantor revoked HillTV's status as a recognized student organization, breaking the history of HillTV by punishing more than just the 'Over the Hill' team. The HillTV Web site was removed shortly afterwards. Cantor claimed she would "create a new, responsible television station." Current and past HillTV members, many faculty members and members of the university and community questioned the lack of due process Cantor displayed.
On Oct. 25, former General Manager Rich Levy and numerous former HillTV members filed a petition for reconsideration. Pressure to reinstate the station mounted from alumni, several dozen of which spoke out for reinstatement. According to The Daily Orange, one alumnus reconsidered a $25,000 donation towards the construction of a new building for the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications.
On November 11, SU held a hearing before a panel of three tenured faculty members at an undisclosed time and location to reconsider Cantor's decision to disband HillTV.
On November 30, the panel reversed the Chancellor's decision and reduced the punishment to a suspension and one year probationary period and required HillTV to undertake steps toward re-organization to prevent such an issue from arising in the future. Requirements under this decision included a name change for the station, as well as several forms of oversight. The panel also ruled that the university, including the Chancellor and members of her cabinet, must take responsibility for "Over the Hill." Chancellor Cantor's task force for a "new responsible television station" made suggestions to HillTV management about how to create a more diverse and welcoming environment for all campus members instead of creating an entirely new television station.
The station had planned to return under the name 'CuseTV, but that title was reportedly rejected by the university due to trademark concerns.
CitrusTV era (2006–present)
In 2006, after the shut down from Nancy Cantor, the television station was able to re-open under a new name; CitrusTV. During that time the station focused on renewing the culture at the station by taking a dramatic different approach on how they recruited new members and changing the attitude within the major departments. In addition, they implemented changes on how content is reviewed to make sure that another “Over the Hill” never happens again. In April 2006, the station provisionally regained its recognition, and by September of that same year was granted full recognition by the university.
CitrusTV now makes its content available online in addition to traditional cablecasts on campus on the Orange Television Network and across the central New York region on Time Warner Cable Sports channel 13.
In November 2006, CitrusTV began to offer its programming via podcasting. Podcasts can be subscribed to both via the station's website and the iTunes Store. The podcasts are presented in a format compatible with video iPods and other portable media devices.
In November 2008, CitrusTV launched a new website, while also rebranding the station with a new logo.
CitrusTV has partnered with a variety of local and national stations to provide content to CBS Sportsline, InsideLacrosse.com, Time Warner Cable Sports and Syracuse.com.
In August 2011, CitrusTV completed a multiyear process of upgrading its studio and field equipment from Standard Definition to High Definition. It began producing content solely in 1080i, continuing to provide video to the campus Orange Television Network—the first American college campus cable station in High Definition. Video is posted online in 720p and 1080i resolutions. The upgrades were made financially possible through the Student Association and its co-curricular student fee, which is paid separate from tuition. Significant contributions from parents, studio alumni, and students themselves also supported the upgrades.
During the summer of 2014, CitrusTV finalized its studio upgrades with a state-of-the-art $60,000 renovation to its main studio, including the purchase of a new desk and backdrop. This replaced the dated look that the station had previously had. The renovations were largely paid for by the Student Association.
1983–84 – Lisa Levin
1984–85 – Michelle Jackino
1985–86 – Melissa Richards
1991–92 – Matt Prohaska
1993–95 – John D. Beck
1996–97 – Steve Watson
1997–99 – Erik Lindberg
2002–03 – Matt Carvette
2003–04 – Eric Fleming
2004 – Joe Iuliano
2004–05 – Chris Milkovich
2005–06 – Rich Levy
2007 – Fabian Westerwelle
2008 – Rebecca Wyant
2009 – Jaime Sasso
2010 – Ryan Balton
2011 – Ben Slutzky
2012 – Brad Slavin
2013 – Katie Muldowney
2014 – Kelvin Read
2015 – Nick Sabatino
2016 – Nick Ross
The operations department keeps the station equipment and facilities in order, takes care of repairs and allots facility use time. Operations oversees all engineering and computer/networking functions of CitrusTV.
The Web media department is responsible for all of CitrusTV's online presence - including the encoding, organizing, and uploading of videos and other content, and maintaining and promoting a presence on social media.
Working in CitrusTV's own studio, students rotate between jobs in order to get familiar with the industry equipment and to appreciate all that goes into producing a successful newscast. From this, students are well prepared in meeting deadlines and collaborating in a newsroom environment.
The news department produces a live, 30-minute newscast at 6:00pm four days a week, and a live two-minute update five days a week at 4:58 pm. On Tuesdays at 6:00pm, SA Today, a fifteen-minute newscast which allows Student Association officials to address the campus. These shows air live on the Orange Television Network and are posted to the station's website and YouTube channel. Over the years, the station has won multiple awards for its news broadcasts, most recently in 2014.
For the landmark 2008 presidential election, CitrusTV produced a live hour-and-a-half special that streamed online to about 100 viewers. Another 100 viewers watched the coverage at a station-sponsored election watch party held in Watson Theater. A similar, live election special was produced in 2012., and 2014 (which was produced by Talking Points). In recent years, the department has also partnered with the university's undergraduate Student Association to produce live, 2-hour debates between the student government presidential candidates before elections.
A Spanish news program, CitrusTV noticias en espanol, was introduced in 2007, making SU one of the few campuses in the country to have a Spanish news TV program. The Spanish program broadcasts live every Sunday at 3pm, with a 2-minute brief at 1:58.
The department introduced a new political show "Talking Points" in the fall of 2013. The show features a host with multiple guest reporters, and covers local, national, international, financial, and technology news. The show is taped every Thursday evening.
The newest show in the news department piloted in the fall of 2014. "Orange Zest" focuses on entertainment news and looks more like a standard news show than many of the other entertainment shows at Citrus. It tapes Friday afternoons.
The CitrusTV sports department covers all SU athletics with three regular shows. On the Bench is a weekly sports themed newscast, modeled after ESPN's SportsCenter. It is the longest-running collegiate sports program in the country and was founded by current CBS College Sports Announcer Dave Ryan. 'Cuse Countdown is a pre-game show for football, men's basketball, and men's lacrosse. Cuse Countdown and On the Bench both air on Time Warner Sports and the Orange Television Network. The Time Warner relationship began in 2004. Orange Press Pass is the only live post-game show in Syracuse, N.Y. for the major sports. Press Pass first took to the air in 2005.
In 2002, "On The Bench" aired its first remote preview show from the Carrier Dome focused on lacrosse. The show has become a station staple along with the Men's Basketball Preview Show, which began in 2003.
The sports department used to collaborate with the Orange Television Network and SU Athletics to produce live play-by-play shows of non-revenue athletic events on a show called SUper Sports.
In 2004 and in 2005, the sports department won three student Emmys.
In 2009 both On the Bench and 'Cuse Countdown were nominated and in the final "Blue Ribbon" round of the College Television Awards (the "College Emmys"), run by the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.
CitursTV's Entertainment Department gives the studio a unique voice. The department has three regularly taped shows. Syracuse After Hours is the in-studio sketch comedy show limited only by its motley cast and crew's imagination and innovation. It takes on a style most comparable to NBC's Saturday Night Live.
In 2011 the department green-lit two new shows. "Syracuse Unpeeled" is a late-night talk show, normally featuring a round table discussion by three or four hosts. "College Eats, Beyond Ramen" is a cooking show targeting college students. It does not have regular tapings but produces several new episodes per semester.
The alumni relations department keeps in contact with alumni from CitrusTV and most notably plans an annual banquet each April. Alumni of the organization can visit http://www.citrustv.net/about-us/alumni.aspx to enter into the CitrusTV alumni database to connect with fellow alumni and receive information on upcoming events.
The programming department works with the Orange Television Network to schedule shows on the campus TV channel. Programming also oversees the pilot process for new shows and show renewals each semester.
All marketing, advertising and public relations effort for CitrusTV are run internally through the Promotions department. Students who participate in the promotions department learn about how to conduct effective branding and marketing communication.
The following shows are currently being produced by CitrusTV:
- CitrusTV News
- CitrusTV Noticias en español (spring 2008 to present)
- Juice & Java (spring 2009 to present)
- SA Today (spring 2010 to present; in collaboration with the university's Student Association)
- Talking Points (fall 2013 to present)
- Orange Zest (fall 2014 to present)
- 'Cuse Countdown
- On the Bench
- Orange Press Pass
- Syracuse After Hours
- College Eats
- Syracuse Unpeeled
The following shows have been produced by the station but are no longer in production:
- Campus 7 News
- On Point (2005)
- CounterPoint (2004, a pilot that produced live presidential election coverage in 2004.)
- Syracuse Gameday
- SUN (Syracuse University News)
- Sideline/Courtside (Sideline was also briefly known as 4Downs.)
- Sportsrap (until 2007?)
- SuperSports (until 2012)
- The Bio-Answer Show
- Coast to Coast
- Float Your Boat
- Hardcore Sexton
- Behind The 8 Ball (1987–1989)
- Lower Learning (2002–2005)
- Newswatch (1977–1984)
- Take It Off! (1984–1985)
- Null & Void (1987–2006)
- Over The Hill
- The Rhythm
- Syracuse Live
- To the Batcave
- Uncle Bobo's World of Fun (1990–1992)
- Bob Costas, NBC Sports Anchor
- Matthew Berry, ESPN fantasy sports expert
- Steve Bunin, ESPN anchor
- Rob Edwards, co-writer of The Princess and the Frog and producer of several TV shows
- Jeff Rossen, NBC News correspondent
- Dave Ryan, CBS and former ESPN sportscaster
- Danny Zuker, Emmy-winning co-executive producer and writer of Modern Family and several other shows
- Mike Tirico, ESPN Anchor/Announcer
- Mike Konner, MLB Network
- Derrin Horton, NFL Network Anchor
- Kevin Maher, News12 Long Island
- Jason Horowitz, MadDog Radio Host
- Matt Lincoln, WWBT Sports
- Angelo Di Carlo, WNDU-TV Sports
- Matt Maisel, WJAC-TV Sports
- Sal Maneen, WSYR-TV Sports
- Ben Freidfield, MLB Network
- Rich Kiss, WDSU
- Caleb Lamb, Occasional Radio Voice of the Portland Pirates
- "Getting Involved - Newhouse School". Newhouse School. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "ICTV". ICTV. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "CitrusTV - About Us". Citrustv.net. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "UUTV will change name after break with University Union". The Daily Orange. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "HillTV completes transition with new set, broader goals". The Daily Orange. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "SU Campus Cable TV Station - Orange Television Network". Orangetv.syr.edu. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "Orange Television Network launches HillTV programming". The Daily Orange. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "UUTV to broadcast on new cable channels". The Daily Orange. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- Archived September 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "HillTV alumni react to disbandment". The Daily Orange. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "Decision of the Hearing Board in HillTV Hearing" (PDF). Syracuse University. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 30, 2006. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "CitrusTV website". Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "CitrusTV offers free podcasts, downloadable on iTunes". The Daily Orange. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "SU Campus Cable TV Station - Orange Television Network". Orangetv.syr.edu. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "AP News Awards".
- "CitrusTV News: Election Special 2012". YouTube. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "2014 Election Special". Youtube.com. CitrusTV.
- "Talking Points". youtube.com. CitrusTV.
- "Orange Zest". youtube.com. CitrusTV.
- "Syracuse Unpeeled".
- Official website
- CitrusTV videos on Syracuse.com
- Original Daily Orange article
- Follow-Up Daily Orange Article about the Disbanding of HillTV
- Daily Orange article: "HillTV Reinstated"
- Miller-Hocking, Sherry: History of Synapse at Experimental TV Center