Brazilian general election, 1994

Brazilian general election, 1994
3 October 1994

Candidate Fernando Henrique Cardoso Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Enéas Carneiro
Home state São Paulo São Paulo São Paulo
Running mate Marco Maciel Aloizio Mercadante Roberto Gama
States carried 25 + DF 1 0
Popular vote 34,362,726 17,116,579 4,671,474
Percentage 54.3% 27.0% 7.4%

Presidential election results map after voting:
Blue denotes states won by Cardoso
Red denotes states won by Lula

President before election

Itamar Franco

Elected President

Fernando Henrique Cardoso

This article is part of a series on the
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General elections were held in Brazil on 3 October 1994.[1] The presidential elections were won by Fernando Henrique Cardoso of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (and also supported by the Liberal Front Party and the Brazilian Labour Party),[2] who received 54.3% of the vote.[3] Cardoso won the election by a margin of 27.3%, the largest in Brazilian history to date, and the first of his two landslide victories. The Brazilian Democratic Movement Party remained the largest party in the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.



Candidate Party Votes %
Fernando Henrique CardosoBrazilian Social Democracy Party34,362,72654.3
Luiz Inácio Lula da SilvaWorkers' Party17,116,57927.0
Enéas CarneiroParty of the Reconstruction of the National Order4,671,4747.4
Orestes QuérciaBrazilian Democratic Movement Party2,773,4974.4
Leonel BrizolaDemocratic Labour Party2,015,8433.2
Espiridião AminReform Progressive Party1,739,7802.7
Carlos Antônio GomesNational Reconstruction Party387,8150.6
Hernani FortunaSocial Christian Party238,2570.4
Invalid/blank votes14,638,118
Registered voters/turnout94,743,04382.3
Source: Nohlen

Chamber of Deputies

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party9,287,04920.3107–2
Brazilian Social Democracy Party6,350,94113.962+25
Liberal Front Party5,873,37012.989+6
Workers' Party5,859,34712.849+14
Reform Progressive Party[4]4,307,8789.452–12
Democratic Labour Party3,303,4347.234–12
Progressive Party[5]3,169,6266.936New
Brazilian Labour Party2,379,7735.231–3
Liberal Party1,603,3303.513–2
Brazilian Socialist Party995,2982.215+4
Communist Party of Brazil567,1861.210+5
Democratic Social Party414,9330.93+1
Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order308,0310.700
Party of National Mobilization257,0180.64+3
Socialist People's Party256,4850.62–1
Social Christian Party213,7340.53–2
Progressive Republican Party207,3070.51+1
National Reconstruction Party184,7270.41–40
Labour Party of Brazil390.000
Green Party154,6660.41New
United Socialist Workers' Party0New
Brazilian Communist Party0
Brazilian Labour Renewal Party0New
Invalid/blank votes31,966,623
Registered voters/turnout94,743,04382.0
Source: Nohlen


  1. Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p174 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. Nohlen, p234
  3. Nohlen, p233
  4. In 1990: Democratic Social Party (8.9%, 42 seats) + Christian Democratic Party (3.0%, 22 seats)
  5. In 1990: Reform Labour Party (1.1%, 5 seats) + Social Labour Party (1.0%, 2 seats)
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