1892 in Brazil
Events in the year 1892 in Brazil.
- 21 May - The French-built monitor Solimoes is wrecked off Cape Polonio, Uruguay, with the loss of 125 lives.
- date unknown
- Danish botanist Eugenius Warming gives the first detailed description of the Brazilian cerrado in his book Lagoa Santa.
- The Afro-Brazilian practice of Capoeira is banned (not to be re-legalised until 1937).
- 20 January - Sud Mennucci, journalist and educator (died 1948)
- 20 March - Menotti Del Picchia, poet, journalist and painter (died 1982)
- 23 April - Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda, lawyer and diplomat (died 1979)
- 18 July - Arthur Friedenreich, soccer player, regarded by some as the sport's first outstanding black player (died 1969)
- 23 July - João de Souza Mendes, chess master (died 1969)
- 4 October - Assis Chateaubriand, lawyer, journalist, politician and diplomat (died 1968)
- 27 October - Graciliano Ramos, modernist writer, politician and journalist (died 1953)