Zhoushan Island

Native name: <span class="nickname" ">舟山岛

Zhoushan Island (China)

Location East China Sea
Coordinates 30°03′28″N 122°08′17″E / 30.05778°N 122.13806°E / 30.05778; 122.13806
Archipelago Zhoushan Islands
Area 502.65 km2 (194.07 sq mi)
Length 44 km (27.3 mi)
Width 18 km (11.2 mi)
Highest elevation 503.6 m (1,652.2 ft)
Province Zhejiang Province
Population 440000
Pop. density 875.36 /km2 (2,267.17 /sq mi)
Zhoushan Island
Simplified Chinese 舟山岛
Postal Chusan Island

Zhoushan Island, formerly romanized as the Chusan Islands, is the principal and namesake island in the Zhoushan Islands, an archipelago administered by Zhoushan Prefecture in Zhejiang Province in the People's Republic of China. It is the province's largest island and 3rd-largest in mainland China after Hainan and Chongming. The island is the district seats of both Dinghai and Putuo.

When referred to as a port, the Port of Zhoushan (舟山市) refers to the prefecture-level "city" consisting of Zhoushan island as well as the other nearby outlying islands, in Zhejiang. The former name of Zhoushan was Dinghai (Chinese: 定海). The Port of Zhoushang is a popular port for bulk carriers.[1]


The name Zhoushan means "Boat Island" and refers to the shape of the island on a map.


The Changhai Channel is a channel dividing Changbai Island and Zhoushan Main Island

At 30° N. 122° E.,[2] it lies northwest to southeast, and has a circumference of 170.16 km (105.73 mi), with a maximum length of 44 km (27 mi), and a maximum width of 18 km (11 mi). Its area is 502.65 km2 (including tidal zone). At its closest point, it is 9.1 kilometres from the Chinese mainland. The tallest point is 503.6 metres.

The island has varied range of landscape, with hill and dale, as well as watered with numerous small streams, of which the most considerable is the Dongjiang (East River), passing into the harbour of Dinghai. There are several hundred ports around the islands, separated into three areas: Dinghai Port Zone, Shen-jia-men Port Zone (沈家门港区), and Laotangshan Port Zone (老塘山港区). The tourism regions include the regions of Shen-jia-men and Dinghai.


440 000 people, mostly Han, in 150 000 households live in the following 17 subdivisions of Dinghai and Putuo Districts on Zhoushan Island:

10 sub-districts:
  • Jiefang (解放, local dialect: Kafo), district seat of Dinghai
  • Changguo (昌国, Tshokoh), old municipal seat of Zhoushan
  • Huannan (环南, Guenei)
  • Chengdong (城东, Djinton)
  • Yancang (盐仓, Yitsho)
  • Lincheng (临城, Lindjin), new municipal seat of Zhoushan
  • Shenjiamen (沈家门, Shinkomen), district seat of Putuo
  • Goushan (勾山, Keusae)
  • Donggang (东港, Tonko)
  • Zhanmao (展茅, Cimao)

6 towns:

  • Baiquan (白泉, Bahdzoe)
  • Shuangqiao (双桥, Sodjio)
  • Ma'ao (马岙, Mo'ao)
  • Cengang (岑港, Dzenko)
  • Ganshilan (干石览, Kilae)
  • Xiaosha (小沙, Shioso)

1 township:

  • Beichan (北蝉, Pohzoe)

Historic sites

A number of significant sites and monuments on the island are popular tourist attractions.

On the peak of Qinglong Mountain there is a memorial tablet dedicated to those killed during wars. Dinghai has a number of sites related to the Opium War:

There also those about the Ming-Qing contention:

Other sites include:


  1. Admiralty Sailing Directions - China Sea and Yellow Sea. Taunton, United Kingdom: UK Hydrographic Office. 2011.
  2.  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chusan". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 350.

Coordinates: 30°03′28″N 122°08′17″E / 30.05778°N 122.13806°E / 30.05778; 122.13806

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