Paul Czinner (30 May 1890 – 22 June 1972) was a Hungarian Jewish writer, film director, and producer.
Czinner was born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary. After studying literature and philosophy at the University of Vienna, he worked as a journalist. From 1919 onward, he dedicated himself to work for the film industry as writer, director and producer. Czinner became engaged to actress Gilda Langer in early 1920. Shortly after their engagement Langer succumbed to the Spanish flu and died on 31 January 1920.
In 1924, he offered the leading role in his film Nju to Elisabeth Bergner. They became partners, and after the persecution of the Jewish people by Adolf Hitler they fled to Vienna and then London, where they were married. Despite Czinner's homosexuality, the union proved a happy and personally and professionally enriching one for both partners. 1934 saw the realisation of his film Catherine the Great, with his wife playing the main role, though the film was not shown in Germany.
They emigrated to the United States in 1940, working on Broadway. After the end of World War II, they returned to England where Czinner successfully adapted numerous operas to film (e.g. Don Giovanni, Der Rosenkavalier).
- Inferno (1919)
- Nju (1924)
- Jealousy (1925)
- The Fiddler of Florence (1926)
- Doña Juana (1927)
- Fräulein Else (1929)
- The Way of Lost Souls (released in USA as The Woman He Scorned) (1929)
- Ariane (1931)
- Dreaming Lips (1932)
- Ariane, Russian maid; Mélo (1932)
- Catherine the Great (1934)
- Escape Me Never (1935)
- As You Like It (1936)
- Dreaming Lips (1937)
- Stolen Life (1939)
- Dreaming Lips (1953)
- Don Giovanni, based on Mozart's opera. (1954)
- The Bolshoi Ballet (1958)
- The Royal Ballet (1959)
- Der Rosenkavalier, based on the opera by Richard Strauss (1962)
- Romeo and Juliet, ballet film starring Rudolf Nureyev and Margot Fonteyn (1966)