Official culture is the culture that receives social legitimation or institutional support in a given society. Official culture is usually identified with bourgeoisie culture. For revolutionary Guy Debord, official culture is a "rigged game", where conservative powers forbid subversive ideas to have direct access to the public discourse, and where such ideas are integrated only after being trivialized and sterilized.
A widespread observation is that a great talent has a free spirit. For instance Pushkin, which some scholar regard as Russia's first great writer, attracted the mad irritation of the Russian officialdom and particularly of the Tsar, since he
- Lewis (1992) p.31
- Foster (1995) p.vii
- Debord (1957) pp.2, 10
- Vladimir Nabokov (1981) Lectures on Russian Literature, lecture on Russian Writers, Censors, and Readers, pp.13-4
- Lisa A. Lewis (1992) The Adoring audience: fan culture and popular media. Published by Routledge, 1992 ISBN 0-415-07821-0, ISBN 978-0-415-07821-4, 245 pages.
- Guy Debord (1957) Report on the Construction of Situations. Paris.
- Hal Foster Postmodern Culture By. Pluto Press. ISBN 0-7453-0003-0, ISBN 978-0-7453-0003-0