|17th United States Trade Representative|
Assumed office |
June 21, 2013
|Preceded by||Miriam Sapiro (Acting)|
August 20, 1962|
San Rafael, California, U.S.
Princeton University (BA)|
St Antony's College, Oxford
Harvard University (JD)
Michael B. Froman (born August 20, 1962) is an American lawyer who has served as the U.S. Trade Representative since 2013. He has been Assistant to the President of the United States and Deputy National Security Advisor for International Economic Affairs, a position held jointly at the National Security Council and the National Economic Council. In that position he served as the United States sherpa to the G7, G8, and G20 summits of economic powers. On May 2, 2013 President Barack Obama nominated him to succeed Ambassador Ron Kirk as the U.S. Trade Representative. He was confirmed on June 19, 2013.
Early life and education
Froman grew up in a Jewish family in San Rafael and graduated from the Branson School. As a teen, Froman was active in B'nai B'rith Youth Organization serving as the 56th International President in 1980 and spoke at the BBYO International Convention in Washington, D.C. in February 2013. Froman received an A.B. in Public and International Affairs from the Woodrow Wilson School of Princeton University with a senior thesis entitled Negotiating from Strength: The Principle of Power in US-Soviet Arms Control in 1985, a DPhil in International Relations entitled The development of the idea of detente in American political discourse, 1952-1985, supervised by Sir Michael Howard, from St Antony's College, Oxford in 1988 and a J.D. from Harvard Law School where he was a classmate of Barack Obama, and also where he was an associate of Obama's on the Harvard Law Review.
Froman served as liaison of the American Bar Association's Central and East European Law Initiative (CEELI) legal assistance program in Albania. He was also a member of the Forward Studies Unit of the European Commission in Brussels.
Between January 1993 and December 1995, Froman was Deputy National Security Advisor for International Economic Affairs on the United States National Economic Council, a position held jointly at the National Security Council and the National Economic Council. He was Deputy Assistant Secretary for Eurasia and the Middle East, where his work was related to economic policy towards the former Soviet Union, Central and Eastern Europe, as well as economic components of the Dayton Accords. He was a Senior Fellow at the Council of Foreign Relations and a Resident Fellow at the German Marshall Fund.
After the end of the Clinton administration in 2001, Froman followed Robert Rubin from the Treasury Department to Citigroup. He was President and Chief Executive Officer of CitiInsurance and head of Emerging Markets Strategy at Citigroup, managing infrastructure and sustainable development investments. He received more than $7.4 million from January 2008 to 2009 alone.
Froman and Obama were not in touch after their time at Harvard until Obama's 2004 Senate campaign, when Froman volunteered to advise Obama on policy; he introduced Obama to Robert Rubin. In 2008 Froman served on a 12-member advisory board of the Obama campaign’s transition team, and joined the White House for a second run in 2009. He went back to the position he held during the Clinton years, as deputy assistant to the president and deputy national security adviser for international economic affairs, at the National Security Council and the National Economic Council until 2013.
On May 2, 2013, Froman was nominated to serve as U.S. Trade Representative. Financial documents provided to the Senate Finance Committee showed he had nearly $500,000 in an offshore fund at Ugland House on the Cayman Islands, which Obama had once described as “the biggest tax scam in the world.” In 2013 congressional testimony, Rep. Kevin Brady, Republican from Texas, criticized the EU low carbon fuel standard, where oil from tar-sands is classified by itself due to its higher carbon polluting impact compared to regular oil as a "discriminatory, environmentally unjustified" trade barrier, to which Froman responded, "I share your concerns," followed by a description of his work to "press the Commission to take the views of . . . U.S. refiners under consideration." Froman's role as in the drafting of classified trade deals (made public by WikiLeaks) is under scrutiny by lawyers and politicians alike. The U.S. Senate confirmed Froman in a 93-4 vote on June 19, 2013. One of the four dissenting senators was Massachusetts Democrat Elizabeth Warren, who faulted Froman for "refusing to commit to [...] standards of transparency in trade talks set by the George W. Bush administration". Environmental groups have criticized Froman for negotiating the Trans Pacific Partnership trade agreement in secret and that he "took care of his friends on Wall Street and in corporate board rooms at the expense of sound environmental and climate policy."
Froman lives in Washington, D.C. with his wife, Nancy Goodman. They have one son, Benjamin, and one daughter, Sarah. His older son, Jacob, died in 2009 at age ten from a medulloblastoma, a rare form of pediatric brain cancer.
- "Michael Froman '91 joins White House in joint security, economic post". New and Events,Harvard Law School. Harvard Law School. February 2, 2009. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- Associated Press (May 2, 2013) "Obama nominates economic adviser Michael Froman as next US trade representative", The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- Epstein, Jennifer (May 2, 2013) "President Obama picks Penny Pritzker for Commerce, Michael Froman for trade rep", Politico. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- Jewish News Service Algemeiner: "Obama Cites US-Israel Bond in Jewish American Heritage Month Declaration" May 1, 2013
- The Marin Independent Journal: "Marin native Froman tapped by Obama to be U.S. trade representative" May 2, 2013
- "Past Grand Aleph Godolim of the Aleph Zadik Aleph". BBYO. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Kansas City Jewish Chronicle: "Local teens join thousands at BBYO International Convention" February 28, 2013
- Two university thesis documents by the future assistant to President Barack Obama and 17th United States Trade Representative, inscribed to his mother
- "Obama's Handful: The New Yorkers Who May Be Going to Washington by Jason Horowitz, The New York Observer, 10-28-08". Retrieved November 6, 2008.
- "Candidates for Obama's Inner Circle | MICHAEL FROMAN" by Jodi Kantor, The New York Times, November 19, 2008. Retrieved 2-18-09./
- Jeff Zelen (April 3, 2009). "Financial Industry Paid Millions to Obama Aide". New York Times.
- Dayen, David (October 14, 2016). "The Most Important WikiLeaks Revelation Isn't About Hillary Clinton: What John Podesta's emails from 2008 reveal about the way power works in the Democratic Party". The New Republic.
- Weisman, Jomathan (June 4, 2013). "U.S. Trade Nominee Has $490,000 in Cayman Fund". NYT. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- Dickinson, Tim (February 3, 2014). "How the U.S. Exports Global Warming". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Press Release, Friends of the Earth, November 5, 2015, http://www.foe.org/news/news-releases/2015-11-trans-pacific-partnership-text-exposes-threat-to-environment
- Kids v Cancer: "Nancy Goodman Biography" retrieved June 4, 2013
|United States Trade Representative