Mathurin Jacques Brisson

Mathurin Jacques Brisson
Born (1723-04-30)30 April 1723
Died 23 June 1806(1806-06-23) (aged 83)
Nationality French
Fields Zoology, ornithology, entomology
Known for Ornithologie
Author abbrev. (zoology) Briss.

Mathurin Jacques Brisson (30 April 1723 23 June 1806) was a French zoologist and natural philosopher.

Brisson was born at Fontenay-le-Comte. The earlier part of his life was spent in the pursuit of natural history, his published works in this field included Le Règne animal (1756) [1] and the highly regarded Ornithologie (1760).[2]

As a young man, he was a disciple and assistant of R. A. F. Reaumur. For a period of time he was an instructor of physical sciences and natural history to the family of the monarch.[3] He held the chair of physics at the College of Navarre, and from 1759 was a member of the Academy of Sciences.

A significant work involving the "specific weight of bodies" was his Pesanteur Spécifique des Corps (1787).[4] In his investigations of electricity, Brisson was opposed to the theories of Priestley and Franklin.[5]

He died at Croissy-sur-Seine near Paris.



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