Kurds in Russia

Russian Kurds
Total population
63,818 (2010)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Kursk[2]
10,000 in Moscow (1995)[3]
Kurdish, Azeri, Russian[4]
Irreligion,[5] Islam[6]
Related ethnic groups
Iranian people

The Russian census of 2010 registered a total of 63,818 ethnic Kurds living in Russia.[7]

During the early 19th century, the main goal of the Russian Empire was to ensure the neutrality of the Kurds in the wars against Persia and the Ottoman Empire.[8] In the beginning of the 19th century, Kurds settled in Transcaucasia, at a time when Transcaucasia was incorporated into the Russian Empire. In the 20th century, Kurds were persecuted and exterminated by the Turks and Persians, a situation that led Kurds to move to Russian Transcaucasia.[4] From 1804–1813 and again in 1826–1828, when the Russian Empire and the Persian Empire were at war, the Russian authorities let Kurds settle in Russia and Armenia.[4] During the Crimean War and the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), Kurds moved to Russia and Armenia.[4] According to the Russian Census of 1897, 99,900 Kurds lived in the Russian Empire.[9]

Abdullah Öcalan sought asylum in Russia in 1998.[2]

See also


  1. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 г. Национальный состав населения Российской Федерации". Demoscope. Demoscope. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Relations With Russia Deteriorate As Kurds Protest". The Russia Journal. The Russia Journal. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  3. "The Kurds remain caught in the "Transcaucasian Triangle"". jamestown.org. 19 May 1995. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "The Kurds of Caucasia and Central Asia have been cut off for a considerable period of time and their development in Russia and then in the Soviet Union has been somewhat different. In this light the Soviet Kurds may be considered to be an ethnic group in their own right." The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire "Kurds". Institute of Estonia (EKI). Institute of Estonia (EKI). Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  5. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 г. Национальный состав населения Российской Федерации".
  6. "Kurdistan: between U.S. and Iraq". Georgiatimes. Georgiatimes. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  7. Том 4 - "Национальный состав и владение языками, гражданство".. perepis2002.ru (in Russian). perepis2002.ru. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  8. РОССИЯ И ПРОБЛЕМА КУРДОВ. rau.su (in Russian). rau.su. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  9. "Chapter 10: The Kurds in the Soviet Union". Ismet Chériff Vanly. scribd. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
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