Henry Holland, 1st Viscount Knutsford

For other people with the same name, see Henry Holland (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
The Viscount Knutsford
Secretary of State for the Colonies
In office
14 January 1887  11 August 1892
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by Hon. Edward Stanhope
Succeeded by The Marquess of Ripon
Personal details
Born Henry Thurstan Holland
3 August 1825 (1825-08-03)
Brook Street, Mayfair, Middlesex
Died 29 January 1914 (1914-01-30) (aged 88)
Eaton Square, Belgravia, Middlesex
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Hibbert (d. 1855)
Alma mater University of Durham
Trinity College, Cambridge

Henry Thurstan Holland, 1st Viscount Knutsford GCMG PC (3 August 1825 29 January 1914), known as Sir Henry Holland, Bt, from 1873 to 1888 and as The Lord Knutsford from 1888 to 1895, was a British Conservative politician, best known for serving as Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1887 to 1892.

Background and education

The son of Sir Henry Holland, 1st Baronet, a prominent physician, Knutsford was educated at Harrow School, Durham University, and Trinity College, Cambridge, and took his degree in 1847.[1] He studied law, and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1849. He practiced law privately until 1867, when he became legal advisor to the Colonial Office.

Political career

Knutsford by Arthur Stockdale Cope (1906).

In 1870 Knutsford became assistant colonial undersecretary, serving until 1874, and in 1873, having succeeded his father as 2nd Baronet, he was elected to the House of Commons as a Conservative. In Lord Salisbury's first administration (1885–1886), Knutsford served as Financial Secretary to the Treasury and then as Vice President of the Committee of Council on Education. He served in this role again at the beginning of Salisbury's second ministry (1886–1887), but was soon promoted to Colonial Secretary (in January 1887).

As Colonial Secretary, Knutsford was largely concerned with South African affairs, being the Colonial Secretary who granted the charter for Cecil Rhodes's British South Africa Company in 1887. In 1888 he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Knutsford, of Knutsford in the County Palatine of Chester. In 1895, Knutsford was not included in Salisbury's new government. He was further honoured the same year when he was made Viscount Knutsford, of Knutsford in the County Palatine of Chester.

St John′s Ambulance

Lord Knutsford was a Director of the Ambulance department of the Order of the Hospital of Saint John in England, and Chairman of the St John Ambulance Association. The association mobilized detachments serving in South Africa during the Second Boer War (1899-1902), with Lord Knutsford raising support for the work. In July 1902 he received an Award for conspicuous service to the order.[2]


Holland married Elizabeth Margaret, daughter of Nathaniel Hibbert, in 1852. They had twin sons and one daughter:

Elizabeth died in April 1855, only a few weeks after the birth of her twin sons. On 25 November 1858, Holland married Margaret Jean Trevelyan (1835–1906), by whom he had a daughter and three sons:

Lady Knutsford was also involved with the St John Ambulance Association, and in July 1902 received an Award for conspicuous service for her work as Chairman of the Special Committee formed to despatch medical comforts to the Brigade units during the Second Boer War.[2]

Lord Knutsford remained a widower until his death in January 1914, aged 88. His funeral was held at Golders Green Crematorium. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest twin son, Sydney.


  1. "Holland, Henry Thurstan (HLNT843HT)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 "The Order of St John of Jerusalem". The Times (36820). London. 15 July 1902. p. 8.
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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Perceval
Member of Parliament for Midhurst
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Hampstead
Succeeded by
Edward Brodie Hoare
Political offices
Preceded by
John Tomlinson Hibbert
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Edward Stanhope
Vice President of the Council
Succeeded by
Sir Lyon Playfair
Preceded by
Sir Lyon Playfair
Vice President of the Council
Succeeded by
Sir William Hart Dyke, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Edward Stanhope
Secretary of State for the Colonies
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Ripon
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Knutsford
Succeeded by
Sydney Holland
New creation Baron Knutsford
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Holland
(of Sandlebridge)
Succeeded by
Sydney Holland
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