Glendon College

Glendon College
Motto Alteri Sæculo (Latin)
Motto in English

For future generations

Pour les générations futures (French)
Type Public
Established 1959
Endowment $270 million (CAD) [1]
Chancellor Gregory Sorbara
President Mamdouh Shoukri
Principal Donald Ipperciel
Administrative staff
Undergraduates 2,700
Location Toronto, ON, Canada
Campus Midtown, Suburban, 34.4 ha (85 acres)
Mascot Coeur de Lion
Affiliations AUFC, CUP.

Glendon College (French: Collège universitaire Glendon) is a federated campus of York University in Toronto, Canada. An internationally oriented, bilingual liberal arts college with 84 full-time faculty members and a student population of about 2,700, Glendon is located in midtown Toronto's Lawrence Park neighbourhood. The college was founded as the first permanent establishment of York University when it began academic operation under the mentorship of the University of Toronto in September 1960.[2] Under the York University Act 1959 legislation, York was once an affiliated institution of the University of Toronto, where the first cohort of faculty and students originally utilized the Falconer Hall building[3] (now part of the Faculty of Law)[4] as a temporary home before relocating north of the St. George campus to Glendon Hall an estate that was willed by E.R. Wood for post-secondary purposes.[5]

In 1962, a landlot grant was offered by the Province of Ontario to build a new campus, which eventually ceased the bilateral partnership between the two institutions. York University became an independent institution,[6] however, Glendon refused to transfer to Keele, as the University of Toronto had no interest in reacquiring or maintaining the donated Wood property.[7] Murray G. Ross and diplomat Escott Reid, who mutually proposed a novel plan for the college to educate students for fields in civil service, governance and academia, were appointed president and principal in 1959 and 1965, respectively.[8] In 1966, the college was officially inaugurated by Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson with the objective for Glendon to become a fully bilingual institution.[9][10] Formally, Glendon is one of York's 11 faculties.[11] It was modelled on Swarthmore College.[12]


Glendon's undergraduate curriculum emphasizes languages, international affairs and public policy. Due to this, Glendon was recently granted $20 million by the Government of Ontario in order to become the country's first "Centre of Excellence for French language and Bilingual Postsecondary Education," in collaboration with Collège Boréal.[13][14] Language skill assessments are given to new students to determine the level needed to take to fulfill Glendon's second-language requirement. Students who attain higher levels can either take advanced-level language instruction in their second language, or a discipline course taught solely in their second language.

In addition, a variety of non-credit classes and programmes are offered by the college to students, faculty and the general public including introductory courses in foreign languages (Arabic, Cantonese, German, Italian, Japanese, Mandarin Chinese, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Tibetan); indigenous languages in Inuktitut and Ojibway; and professional development courses in English and French. Students also have the opportunity to take other language courses available through the Languages, Literature and Linguistics department at York.[15]

This bilingual approach to university education is said to be unique in Canada, because all students within Glendon College receive education in both English and French. Canada's other bilingual post-secondary institutions, including portions of Concordia University, Laurentian University, University of Alberta (Faculté St-Jean), and the University of Ottawa, often educate students in one language or the other. Although each one offers students the possibility of a fully bilingual education, Glendon is the only institution in Canada where all anglophone and francophone students are required to take at least one compulsory class in their second language, regardless of their initial ability in the language. As a result, code-switching is relatively common among students on campus. At the end of their undergraduate studies, all students will demonstrate an intermediate level (minimum) of proficiency in their second language.

Glendon College was recently designated an institution offering French services under the French Language Services Act, at the request of the university.[16] At the same time, there is a discussion around the establishment of an all-French university in Ontario, one that would be larger than the Université de Hearst and could conceivably be a multi-campus university serving several regions in the province.[17][18] Some data suggest that Franco-Ontarian participation rates in university are comparable to that of English speakers, obviating the need for a French-language university.[19][20]


Glendon is a primarily undergraduate institution where academics are rooted in the liberal arts tradition, although the college mainly specializes in the social sciences and humanities. Glendon offers 21 undergraduate degree (BA) and 18 international Bachelor of Arts concentrations (iBA - Bilingual and Trilingual). Glendon has a unique concurrent and consecutive Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) focused specifically on preparing teachers for French immersion, extended French and core French teaching positions in anglophone schools. Last year, Glendon has initiated its first BSc/iBSc degrees, in Psychology and Biology; and this year, their first ever Business Administration and International Studies dual degree (BBA/iBA), along with their new BA/iBA degree in Communications are their newly created programs.

There are also concurrent/consecutive certificate programs in a variety of fields (Discipline of Teaching English as an International Language (D-TEIL), Law and Social Thought, Rédaction professionnelle (offered in French only), Refugee and Migration Studies, Sexuality Studies, Spanish/English – English-Spanish Translation, and Technical and Professional Communication).

Since its inception in the early 1960s, the college has grown to also include a graduate school offering Master's programs in French Studies (M.A.), Public and International Affairs (M.P.I.A.), Translation Studies (M.A.) and Conference Interpretation (M.C.I.). The translation and interpreting masters build on the college's strength in languages while the public and international affairs degree is affiliated with the Glendon School of Public and International Affairs. There is also a doctoral degree in Études francophones (Ph.D.).

Any student attending Glendon can enroll in up to 50% of his or her classes at the larger Keele campus, and vice versa. This policy is meant to give students the resources of a larger university while maintaining the qualities and features of a small college.

Student life

Mirroring the campus life of small-scale American institutions like Swarthmore and Williams, Glendon has a tight-knit community within the larger student population of their sister campus. Various campus events are organized by the Glendon College Student Union/l'Association Étudiante du Collège Glendon (GCSU/AÉCG) and its membership includes all students enrolled in courses at Glendon College and elects a council to represent them. Students can join and access a number of clubs and organizations on both of the campuses. Glendon has a newspaper (Pro Tem), York University's premier and longest student-run campus publication that is published in both English and French; a campus radio station (Radio Glendon); the Grand Rassemblement de l’Éducation en Français (GREF): Glendon's French language publishing house; and a black box theatre company, Theatre Glendon/Théâtre Glendon, in addition to similar media from York University, of which Glendon is formally a part.

Other facilities exist for students, such as a student lounge, a cafeteria, campus gym memberships, workshops, IT services, and a liaison office for prospective students. The college also encourages students to utilize the academic resources on both campuses. The college's proximity to Yonge and Eglinton and Downtown Toronto makes its location ideal for students who want to partake in the city's diverse array of social and cultural attractions. Glendon College is also where the first issue of the Toronto Special newspaper was published, according to the National Post. The Salon Francophone, situated in the main building, is a social resource centre and a club, which organizes multiple activities to promote the French language.

Glendon was initially planned on being a residential college where students were required to live on campus, however, over the past couple of decades the increase in students outnumbered the available residential spaces. Therefore, the majority of students commute, while only around 400 students live on campus. Glendon's international profile attracts students from over 100 countries, in particular, a significant number of francophone students from across Canada (notably Quebec) and around the world, including France, Haiti, Belgium, Morocco, and Algeria. Approximately 1/3 of the student population are francophone.[21] Additionally, Glendon has a visible hispanophone presence with more than 20% studying Spanish as a third language.[22] The Spanish Resource Centre library at Glendon is a joint initiative between the Ministry of Education of the Government of Spain and the Hispanic studies department of York University.[23]


Glendon occupies the former country estate of Edward Rogers Wood, a prominent Toronto financier and philanthropist of the early 1900s. The estate was built in 1924 and is located at the intersection of Bayview and Lawrence Ave. between the neighbourhoods of Lawrence Park and Bridle Path. The estate was the original York University campus when it was bequeathed by the University of Toronto, and it remained a liberal arts college when York's Keele campus was inaugurated in 1966. The college is formally one of York's 9 colleges and 11 faculties, and is considered semi-autonomous within York University. Glendon's founder and first principal was Canadian diplomat Escott Reid who foresaw the institution's key mandate to educate future leaders of Canada in both official languages. Historically, the manor served as a temporary home for the Ontario College of Art in 1952,[24] and the Faculty of Law of the University of Toronto in 1956.[25] Moreover, the natural landscape of the 85-acre estate was used as an arboretum by the botany and forestry department at the University of Toronto.[26]

Presently, the college is the institutional home of the Glendon School of Public & International Affairs, the first bilingual graduate school in Canada to offer a MPIA, in collaboration with The Global Brief, Canada's top international affairs publication.[27] The graduate school also operates an interdisciplinary research institute for public policy the Centre for Global Challenges. The Faculty of Graduate Studies also manages a PhD program and three other distinct MA programs. The Centre of Excellence for French language and Bilingual Post-secondary Education is Glendon's recent expansion and was created to accommodate the growth of incoming students and the increasing demand for multilingual post-secondary education in Southern Ontario.[28] The campus has also played host to several productions, namely American Psycho 2: All American Girl (2002) and The Time Traveler's Wife(2009), which were extensively filmed in and around Glendon. Hedley also filmed their Lost in Translation music video at Glendon. Often, students are incorporated into shooting when the campus is sealed off for the weekends.

Buildings and Abbreviations

Rose Garden, with Wood Residence visible in the background.

Noted alumni

Notable faculty

See also


  1. "York University Foundation Report to Donors 2006 (p.35)" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-12-26.
  2. Friedland, Martin (2013). The University of Toronto: A History (illustrated, reprint ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 410, 438, 443. ISBN 9781442615366.
  3. "Law School Buildings - University of Toronto Faculty of Law".
  4. "YorkPhaseOne".
  5. "Glendon Hall".
  6. "phase three Keele".
  7. Pietropaolo, Vicenzo; Horn, Michiel. York University: The Way Must Be Tried (2009 ed.). Montreal: McGill-Queen's - MQUP, 2009. Print. ISBN 9780773577244.
  8. Horn, Michiel (11 December 2008). "York University: The Way Must Be Tried". McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP via Google Books.
  10. "The Right Honourable, Lester B. Pearson, speaking at opening of Glendon College with Escott Reid and Maryon Pearson seated behind him -".
  11. "Our Faculties - About York University".
  12. "A Flowering Up North". Time magazine. 1965-04-23. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
  13. Ontario Invests In New Centre For French-Language Education At York University, News Release 27 February 2008, Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities.
  14. Hume, Christopher (28 September 2012). "Glendon College and the 21st-century campus: Christopher Hume". Toronto Star. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  15. "Department of Languages, Literatures & Linguistics - Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies".
  16. "Ontario Strengthens French-Language Services at York University".
  17. "Students push for French University, and Queen's Park is going to hear about it".
  18. "Sudbury support for French university".
  19. "Ontario doesn't need another French university -". 29 November 2013.
  21. "Learning French Beyond the Classroom - Future Students".
  23. "GLENDON - Spanish Resource Centre Reopens at Glendon".
  25. Horn, Michiel. York University: The Way Must Be Tried (2008 ed.). Montreal: McGill-Queen's - MQUP, Print. p. 28. ISBN 9780773577244.
  26. Horn, Michiel. York University: The Way Must Be Tried (2008 ed.). Montreal: McGill-Queen's - MQUP, Print. p. 27, 29. ISBN 9780773577244.
  27. "Global Brief finds new home at York U's Glendon College - York Media Relations".
  29. "The Glendon School of Public and International Affairs - Glendon".
  30. "Glendon - Glendon Campus".
  31. "Women's College Hospital - Who Was Dr. Marion Hilliard?".
  32. Marion Hilliard, Profile,
  33. "goSAFE Services".

External links

Coordinates: 43°43′39″N 79°22′43″W / 43.7275°N 79.3785°W / 43.7275; -79.3785

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.