Gazelle (web browser)
Gazelle is a research web browser which Microsoft Research announced in early 2009. The central notion of the project is to apply operating system principles to browser construction. In particular, the browser has a secure kernel, modeled after an operating system kernel, and various web sources run as separate "principals" above that, similar to user-space processes in an operating system. The goal of doing this is to prevent bad code from one web source to affect the rendering or processing of code from other web sources. Browser plugins are also managed as principals.
By the July 2009 announcement of Google Chrome OS, Gazelle was seen as a possible alternative Microsoft architectural approach compared to Google's direction. That is, rather than the operating system being reduced in role to that of a browser, the browser would be strengthened using operating system principles.
- "The Multi-Principal OS Construction of the Gazelle Web Browser" (Microsoft Research whitepaper, PDF)
- "Gazelle: Applying Operating System Concepts to the Browser" OSNews July 7, 2009
- "Microsoft's Gazelle browser takes a radical path" CNet July 7, 2009
- "Google’s Chrome OS vs. Windows" The Week July 8, 2009
- "Google Chrome OS: is it copying Microsoft's Gazelle or is it more like Splashtop?" The Guardian July 8, 2009
- Resource Management for Web Applications in ServiceOS