Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Zhang Dejiang

since March 14, 2013
Appointer Vote within the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Term length five years, renewable
once consecutively
Inaugural holder Liu Shaoqi
Formation September 27, 1954
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Traditional Chinese 全國人民代表大會常務委員會委員長
Simplified Chinese 全国人民代表大会常务委员会委员长
Commonly abbreviated as
Traditional Chinese 全國人大常委會委員長
Simplified Chinese 全国人大常委会委员长

The Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is the presiding officer of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, which is considered China's top legislative body. The current Chairman is Zhang Dejiang.

From 1998 to 2013, the position has been ranked second in China's political hierarchy since Li Peng was barred from seeking a third term as Premier in 1998. In the political order of precedence, the Chair ranks below the CPC General Secretary and President. From 2013 onwards, the Chair, Zhang Dejiang, has ranked below the Premier, Li Keqiang. The ranking of this position is not necessarily reflective of its actual power, which varies depending on the officeholder.

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The position holds reserve constitutional powers under the 1982 revision of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. As stipulated in Article 84 of the Constitution, should both the President and Vice-President become incapacitated, and the National People's Congress is unable to elect a timely replacement, the Chairman of the NPC will act as President.[1]

From 1975 to 1983, the NPC chairman was China's head of state, as the post of President of China was abolished.

Theoretically, during the Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989, the NPC Chair at the time, Wan Li, had the power to call an emergency session of the NPC to resolve the issue constitutionally. However, Wan's freedom of movement was restricted, and ultimately was powerless in the situation.


  Head of State (under the 1975 Constitution & 1978 Constitution)

Generations of leadership

  First Administration   Second Administration   Third Administration   Hu–Wen Administration   Xi–Li Administration

Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column counts individuals and the second column (term number).

Chairman/Chairwoman Term Took office Left office
1 Liu Shaoqi
1 September 15, 1954 April 28, 1959
2 Zhu De
2 April 28, 1959 January 4, 1965
3 January 4, 1965 January 17, 1975
4 January 17, 1975 July 6, 1976
Song Qingling
July 6, 1976
March 5, 1978
3 Ye Jianying
5 March 5, 1978 June 18, 1983
4 Peng Zhen
6 June 18, 1983 April 13, 1988
5 Wan Li
7 April 13, 1988 March 27, 1993
6 Qiao Shi
8 March 27, 1993 March 15, 1998
7 Li Peng
9 March 15, 1998 March 15, 2003
8 Wu Bangguo
10 March 15, 2003 March 15, 2008
11 March 15, 2008 March 14, 2013
9 Zhang Dejiang
12 March 14, 2013 Incumbent


See also

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